Taxonomy of meanings for 負:

  • 負 fù (OC: bɯʔ MC: biu) 房久切 上 廣韻:【擔也荷也又受貸不償曰負背恩忘德曰負也 】
    • CARRY
      • vt(+N.)adV(to V) with N on one's shoulders, carrying N on one's shoulders go ahead and V
      • vt[oN]carry things on one's shoulders
      • vtoNcarry on one's back; transferred: take upon oneself (official duties etc)
      • vtoNfigurativesupport the weight of; have on one's back; carry along (not necessarily on one's own back) 驢負 "carry on donkey-back"
      • vtoNpassivebe carried
      • vttoN1.+N2causativecause (N1) to carry (N2) on his shoulders
    • andRELYON
        • figurative>SUFFER
          • vtoNsuffer from (a medical or other unfortunate condition)
          • financially>OWE
            • vtt(oN1.)+N2owe something to N2
            • vttoN1.+N2owe N2 to N1
            • vttoN1(.+N2)owe the contextually determinate N2 to N1
            • what one owes>PAY
              • vtoNpay
          • unsuccessful completion of action>FAIL
            • causative, figurative: excel>DEFEAT
              • nabresultdefeat
              • v[adN]nonreferentialloser
              • viacthave been defeated, have lost
              • vipassiveto suffer defeat, be defeated
              • vtoNfigurativedefeat > be better than, be superior to, be preferable to
              • general>OFFEND
                • vtoNbe unjust to, offend
                • against authorities>REVOLT
                  • vtoNrevolt against 負畔
      • mathematical technical term>NEGATIVE
        • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: negative