BURDEN  負擔

What is HEAVY AND SHOULD:must be ENDURINGLY CARRIED.
LOADWEIGHTCARGOFREIGHT
Kind Of

HEAVY

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard word for a burden is rèn 任. The word is often used figuratively to refer to burdens of duty. See DUTY.

2. Hè 荷 is a rarer word for whatever is borne on one's shoulders, and this word is also occasionally used in figurative senses.

3. Zhòng 重 can come to refer to something heavy one carries.

Modern Chinese Criteria

負擔

擔子

包袱

重負

重荷

重擔

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

ONUS

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 18

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.147.109

CHARGE.FARDEAU.FAIX

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 12
  • nab : 9
  • vadN : 2
  • nadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 論衡 : 4
  • 管子 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 論語 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   rén OC: njɯm MC: ȵim 16 Attributions
  • nburden
  • nabfigurative(metaphorical) burden
  • nadNdesigned for heavy burdens
   zhòng OC: doŋʔ MC: ɖi̯oŋ 5 Attributions
  • nsubjectwhat is heavy, a heavy load, a heavy burden
  • nabfigurativea metaphorically heavy burden
  • vtoNcausativeweigh (yourself) down
  • vadNburdensome
   hè OC: ɡlaalʔ MC: ɦɑ 3 Attributions
  • nburden, load (on one's back or shoulder)
  • nabfigurative(metaphorical) burden
   hòu OC: ɡoos MC: ɦu 0 Attributions

thick > heavy burden

  • vt(oN)putativeregard the contextually determinate N as a heavy burden

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: