Taxonomy of meanings for 聞:

  • wèn (OC: mɯns MC: miun) 亡運切 去 廣韻:【名達詩曰令聞令望 】
  • wén (OC: mɯn MC: miun) 無分切 平 廣韻:【聞古文 】
  • wén (OC: mɯn MC: miun) 無分切 平 廣韻:【説文曰知聲也又音問 】
    • HEAR
      • nabfeaturethe capacity of hearing > hearing
      • vadNobtained through hearing
      • vimiddle voicebe heard of 未嘗聞
      • vt(oN)hear, come to understand the contextually determinate N
      • vtoNhear (sounds); overhear; hear about
      • vtoNobject=facthear about a fact 聞其死
      • vtoNpassivebe overheard, get heard; come to one's attention 聞於天 "was heard in Heaven"
      • vtoNpsychhear (oneself)
      • vtoShear that S
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2hear about N1 from N2
      • vtoNab{S}hear that S
      • nwhat one hears
      • vt prep Nhear about N; have heard about N
      • vto.Npro=Shave heard from good sources that S 吾聞之
      • vttoN1. prep N2passivebe heard by
      • vto.npro=Shave heard it said that S
      • conative>LISTEN
        • nabtextwhat one has heard (and thus learnt second-hand)
        • vt[oN]actlisten to things
        • vtoNcausativecause to listen> gain the ear of
        • vtoNpassivebe heard; allow oneself to be listened to
        • vtoNreflexive.自listen (to oneself)
        • vttoN.+V[0]listen to N Ving
        • vtoNPab{S}listen to an account of S
        • vt prep Nlisten to N
        • vtoNlisten to, get the opportunity to listen to, learn about
        • resultative>OBEY
          • vtoNlisten to > obey, follow (an advice)
      • generalising>RECEIVE
        • vtoNperfectivereceive (an order etc.)
    • first hear about>LEARN
      • nabtextwhat one hears from authority> what one learns
      • vt(oN)hear about or learn about the contextually determinate thing N
      • vt[oN]learn about the truth
      • vt+prep+Nlearn about
      • vt+prep+Npassivebe heard by> come to the attention of
      • vtoNbe told as a reliable truth; hear about (something); have been told about; learn (from an authoritative source) as true; learn about (a battle or war etc., or a doctrine); later, XUN 1: come to hear, simply acoustically, without connotations of understanding and learning; hear that (something either true or false) CHECK ATTRIBUTIONS!
      • vtoSobject=long textB: learn (the following authoritative passage)
      • vtoNN=topiclearn about, be informed about (factive)
      • vtoNPab{S}learn that S
      • vtoSobject=factlearn that S, hear that S
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2learn or get to know (something N1) from (someone N2)吾曾聞大勇於夫子矣
      • vt prep Shave heard>learnt that S
      • vtoNperfectiveget to learn, manage to learn
      • vtoNpro.adShave heard from an authoritative source
      • vto.npro=Shave heard it from authoritative sources 聞之S
      • vtoNN=person: learn about N, be informed about N
      • vtonpro=S.+VtoSlearn from an authoritative source the following which runs as follows
      • vt[oN]perfectivehave heard and learnt things (as in 多聞)
      • perfective>KNOW
        • nabobjectwhat one has learnt; what one has heard about; information
        • vt(oN)be apprised of a contextually determinate thing, come to know about something
        • vtoNstativebe informed of, have come to understand
        • vtoNPab{S}changecome to learn that S, have come to understand
        • vtoSbe informed that; have come to understand that; come to know that
        • vtoNinchoativelearn about, get to know about, hear about
        • vt+prep+Npassiveit will be known by N
      • object>TRADITION
        • be heard about>WELL-KNOWN
          • nabsocialbeing famous; reputation
          • vibe famous, be much heard of
          • vichangebecome well-known; become notorious
          • vtoNbe well-known in; be famous all over; be notorious (in a place)
          • favourably>FAMOUS
            • nabsocialfame
            • vi[JDSW: Falling tone?] be well-known
            • vt Nbe famous in N
            • vt prep Nbe(come) famous among N
          • abstract result>REPUTATION
            • nabsocialreputation
        • analogy>SMELL
          • vtoN(resultative) smell
          • object>ODOUR
            • nabfeatureodour