Taxonomy of meanings for 破:

  • 破 pò (OC: phaals MC: pʰuɑ) 普過切 去 廣韻:【破壞又虜三字姓三氏北齊書有破六韓常後魏書有北境賊破六汗拔陵又西方破多羅氏後改爲潘氏普過切二 】
    • DESTROY
      • vadNruined
      • vpostadVdegreeV to the extant that N is destroyed (complement of degree/resultative complement) 打破
      • vt(oN)destroy the contextually determinate object
      • vt+prep+Nfigurativedestroy
      • vtoNsmash to pieces; ruin;
      • vtoNfigurativedestroy > refute (a proposition)
      • vtoNmiddle voiceget destroyed, get smashed
      • what hides something>SHOW
        • late colloquial: perfective> VERBAL SUFFIXES
        • grammaticalised, late colloquial>ALL
          • resultative>TATTERED
            • vadNworn out
            • vtoNpassivebe smashed to pieces
          • military>DEFEAT
            • vtoNHF 1.2.57: rout (the enemy one faces), smash the opponent
            • vtoNpassivebe defeated, be completely routed
            • in argument>REFUTE
              • in discourse>DENY
                • in action>OFFEND
                  • vt+prep+Noffend against
                  • vtoNBUDDH: offend against (precepts etc.)
                • resultative: spatial>SCATTER
              • CLASSIFIERS