Taxonomy of meanings for 役:

  • 役 yì (OC: ɢʷleɡ MC: jʷiɛk) 營隻切 入 廣韻:【古從人今從彳説文曰戍邊也營隻切十二 】
    • SERVANT
        • intellectual>STUDENT
            • related action, figurative>>>FOLLOW
              • nsubject=humanfollower; disciple
              • vtoNenlist as a follower (understood: of Confucius)
          • military>SOLDIER
            • nconscript soldier
            • viactserve as conscript labour force; serve as conscript soldiers
            • related activity>BATTLE
              • nabactmilitary campaign (including battles and marches)
              • vtoNjoin the battle against (as conscript etc)
              • viactmeet up for military service in a campaign
          • related action>SERVE
            • vt+prep+Nserve N
            • vtoNserve as a dependent or slave
            • agent>WORKER
              • nagentcorvee labourer, but originally "conscript soldier"
              • specific>SLAVE
                • nagentone who serves> corvee slave
                • nabactcorvee labour
                • nt"slave": subservient element, something in a subservient position vis-a-vis something else
                • vtoNcausativecause to be enslaved> enslave
                • vtoNattitudinaltreat as mere slaves
                • vtoNcausativebe enslaved by (things)
                • vtoNreflexive.身cause to be a slave, enslave (oneself) 役身
                • vt+prep+Npassivebe enslaved by N
                • related action>LABOUR
                  • nabactcorvee labour; very hard work
                  • vi.redactslave away
                  • viactengage in public work; put in work hard work
                • as insult>VILLAIN
                  • nthe scoundrel
          • abstract>DUTY
            • voluntary>HELP
              • genralised>ACT
              • causative: cause to serve>SEND