Taxonomy of meanings for 己:

  • 己 jǐ (OC: kɯʔ MC: kɨ) 居理切 上 廣韻:【身己爾雅曰太歳在己曰屠維 】
    • SELF
      • nabconceptthe Self, in particular as extrovert and socially interactive (as opposed to the EGO 我 which is not essentially interactive)
      • npro.adNemphatic or contrastive form of 其; (often but not always contrastive:) one's his/her/its own N; all of one's own (and special)
      • npro.post:Vt+prep而自得之於己乎?(mostly contrastive:) himself, herself, themselves
      • npro.postVtcontrastivehimself, herself
      • npro+V{PRED}contrastivehe himself, she herself
      • nproanaphorichim/her/them (referring to highest subject in the sentence)
      • nproreference not highest subjoneself
      • vtoNattitudinaltreat as oneself
      • npro{PRED}reference=higher sentencepredicative: self
      • nabmetaphysicalthe Self
      • nab(post-N)(N's) Self (the current idiom 修己 can always be construed as involving this kind of nomnalisation)
      • npro{OBJ}+Vt(preposed object:) himself, herself, themselves
      • npro.postVtnon-contrastiveobject pronoun, resumptive, non-contrastive: oneself, himself, herself, themselves
      • npro.postVtcontrastivereflexive and contrastive (or sometimes at least emphatic)
      • npro.postVtnon-contrastive(often with coverbs:) non contrastive "himself, herself"
      • npro[adN]his own [thing/interests]
      • npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED}contrastivesubject pronoun: oneself, myself etc.
      • npro.postVtresumptiveoneself (as opposed to 彼 "someone else/other people" reference is not to the highest subject in the sentence but to the (sometimes unmentioned) speaker
      • npro.postVtmiddle voiceregarding oneself, non-contrastive
      • npropluralthemselves
      • npro[adN]one's own family affairs
      • nab[post-N]metaphysicalone's own self
      • specific>EGO
        • nproI myself
      • generic>ONESELF
        • npro0.adNnon-referential, often contrastive: one's own 己力
        • npro0.postVt(referring to highest subject in the sentence, mostly non-contrastive:) one, oneself
        • npro0(.adN)one's own (thing)
        • npro0emphaticoneself (emphatic, contrasting with others)
        • nab[.post-N]one's Self
        • npro{OBJ}+Vt(resumptive or reflexive:) oneself as object
        • npro.postVtcontrastivecontrastive in object position: oneself, himself, herself, themselves
        • npro.postVtnon-contrastive知己
        • npro.postVtcontrastivereflexivising object pronoun: oneself, himself, herself, themselves
        • npro.postVtnon-contrastivenoncontrastive object pronoun: himself
        • npro(.adN)the subject's (contextually determinate N)
        • npro{PRED}(contrastive:) be a matter of oneself; be a matter of the agent
        • npro.post:Vt+prepafter preposition: yourself, onelself, etc.
        • npro+V{PRED}(contrastive:) oneself
      • abstract>PERSON
        • nabpsychthe person or Self (as object of cultivation)
        • grammaticalised>PRONOUN
          • npro.postVthim
          • npro{SUBJ}+V{PRED}(non-emphatic, non-contrastive:) he
          • npro+V{PRED}contrastivethe aformentioned and no one else, they
  • 己 qi3 《集韻》口起切,上止溪。
    • NAMES 《通志‧氏族略三》:“己氏,昆吾之姓也。漢有太常卿己茂。”