Taxonomy of meanings for 化:

  • 化 huà (OC: hŋʷraals MC: hʷɯa) 呼霸切 去 廣韻:【德化變化禮記曰田䑕化爲鴽紀年曰周宣王時馬化爲狐又姓呼霸切六 】
    • CHANGE
      • nab.post-Nchange in the direction of N, change towards N (perhaps this should be made nab.post-Nab. The general strategy on this is not clear so far.)
      • nabprocesssubstantial and typically irreversible transformation into something new; natural transformation
      • viacttransform things
      • vimiddle voicebe transformed, be completely changed
      • vt+V[0]change so as to??? ?????
      • vtoNexert a significant influence on; bring about a transformation; to change profoundly and essentially into something which is active or living, but substantially different; to make comply
      • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: transcategorial conversion or reinterpretationJZ 2.46, Liu Hui comm: 物化為錢 "the 'things' are reinterpreted as 'pieces of cash'"JZ 6.11, Liu Hui comm: 即糲亦化為粟矣 "...hence the husked grain is also transformed>converted into unhusked grain"
      • vtoNreflexive.自change (one's own) essence, change (oneself) essentially
      • vtoN1.+VtoN2mathematical termturn N1 into N2 JZ 2.0, Liu Hui's comm: 欲化粟為米 "if one wants to convert (the amount of) unhusked grain into the (corresponding amount of) husked grain"
      • VPtoNresultativetransform oneself into, turn into
      • so as to integrate into one's body>DIGEST
        • radically>TRANSFORM
          • vt[oN]transform others so that they become better
          • vtoNto transform N, typically so that it becomes better
          • vtoNmiddlevoiceto get transformed
          • transformed from reality>ILLUSION
            • nabpsychphantom???
          • away from living state>DIE
            • viprocessBUDDH: transform (into nirvāṇa) > pass away
          • into the living state>BIRTH
              zd 7
            • be a partial factor in this>INFLUENCE
              • nabacttransformation through education or teaching
              • nabprocesstransformation through cultural influence
              • vimiddle voicebe influenced in the right direction, be educationally transformed
              • vtoNteach and transform, teach successfully; get to change to the better; educate 化民
              • vtoNcausativebe educated and transformed by (superiors)化其上"be transformed by one's superiors"
              • vtoNnegativeexert a (negatively conceived) influence on
              • be inluenced by and imitate>IMITATE
                  hydzd 3
              • spritually, encourage to enter monastery>EDUCATE
                • vtoNtransform through education/instruction
                • nabacteducation
                • resulting educated behaviour>CUSTOM
                  • in specific subjects>TEACH
                    • nabacteducation; civlised human customs
                    • viactcause to transform > engage in teaching; teach
                    • vt(oN)teach the contextually determinate N an important lesson that changes him
                    • vtoNtransform > teach; teach so as to convert to one's views and valuesin the BUDDH. context often 'convert'
                    • vtoNpassiveallow oneself to be taught a lesson> have one's mindset changed
                    • nab.adNof education, of one's teaching
              • gradual, physical>DEVELOPMENT
                  • of individual living creature>GROW
                      • exocentric: creature that grows into a living human> EMBRYO
                      • so as to acquire new basic features>BECOME
                        • so as to enter liquid state>MELT
                            • figurative, causative: lose solid presence>WASTE
                              • of metals>SMELT
                                • general: expose to extreme heat>BURN