Taxonomy of meanings for 懲:

  • 懲 chéng (OC: dɯŋ MC: ɖɨŋ) 直陵切 平 廣韻:【戒也止也 】
    • CONTROL
      • vt(oN)control and stop the contextually determinate activity or phenomenon
      • vtoNcontrol and stop 《史記·屈原賈生列傳》:"懲違改忿兮,抑心而自彊。" 王念孫 《讀書雜志·史記五》:"懲,止也;違,恨也。言止其恨,改其忿,抑其心,而自彊勉也。"參見" 懲忿窒欲 "。
      • vtoNreflexive.其心control and correct (one's mind)
    • PUNISH
      • vtoNimpose mild punishment, use punitive sanctions; chastise
      • vtoNmiddle voicebe chastised
      • vt(oN)punish the contextually determinate N
    • WARN
      • vtoNZUO: warn against, reprove
    • DISTRESS
      • DECIDE
        • RISE