CAUTIOUS  謹慎

DILIGENT IN-RELATION-TO AVOIDING DANGER.
CAREFULHEEDFULATTENTIVEALERTWATCHFULVIGILANTCIRCUMSPECTPRUDENTCAGEYCANNY
See also

DILIGENT

Kind Of

DILIGENT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant general word referring to wariness and circumspect action is shèn 慎 (ant. hū 忽 "slipshod").

2. Jǐng 警 (ant. shū 疏 "fail to take seriously") emphasises awareness of danger.

3. Jiè 戒 (ant. lŸè 略 "fail to take heed") emphasises awareness of previous warnings.

4. Bì 毖 (ant. chéng 懲 "take one's warning from, take (a matter of a past) as a warning") is an archaic word for being on one's guard.

Modern Chinese Criteria

謹慎

謹飭

勤謹

嚴謹

審慎

當心

細心

細緻

小心

小心謹慎

火燭小心

小心翼翼

謹言慎行

字斟名酌

謹小慎微

奉命唯謹

坐不垂堂

戰戰兢兢

兢兢業業

臨深履薄

三思而行

膽大心小

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 115

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

VIGILANTIA

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 11.94

UMSICHT

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 335

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

caveo 'to take care, beware' [v.; pf. cavi, ppp. cautus II] (Naev.+)

Derivatives: cautus 'on one's guard, wary' (P1.+), cautiO 'care, precaution' (P1.+),

cautor 'one who takes precautions' (P1.+), cautela 'caution' (P1.+); praecaveo 'to be

on one's guard' (P1.+).

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.154.115

CIRCONSPECTION.CONSIDERATION.EGARDS.MENAGEMENTS

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 58B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 26
  • vi : 12
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • nab : 2
  • VPtoN : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • vadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 荀子 : 10
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 論語 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 法集要頌經 : 2
  • 漢書 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   shèn OC: djins MC: dʑin 24 Attributions

The dominant general word referring to wariness and circumspect action is shèn 慎 (ant. hū 忽 "slipshod").

  • vibe wary
  • vt+prep+Nbe careful and wary about; be wary in
  • vt+V[0]be careful/wary about V-ing
  • vtoNbe wary of, be careful about
  • vtoNimperativebe cautious about N
  • vtoNpassivebe carefully thought about
  • vtoNpsychbe careful about (oneself)
  • vtoNbe careful about, be cautious about!
   jiè OC: krɯɯɡs MC: kɣɛi 10 Attributions

Jiè 戒 (ant. lyuè 略 "fail to take heed") emphasises awareness of previous warnings.

  • nabactcautionary rules, rules of circumspection
  • nabactBUDDH: cautionary rules, habitual action, habits of conduct (see also FORBID); SANSKRIT śīla, PALI sīla
  • vibe warned i.e. circumspect; be vigilant; take precautionary measures
  • vtoNbe cautious and diligent with respect to (one's own behaviour etc)
   jǐng OC: kreŋʔ MC: kɣaŋ 3 Attributions

Jǐng 警 (ant. shū 疏 "fail to take seriously") emphasises awareness of danger.

  • vadVcautiously
  • vtoNbe wary about, be on one's guard against
  • viactbe cautious in action
謹慎   jǐn shèn MC: kj+nX -- OC: klɯnʔ -- 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNpsychbe careful about (oneself)
  • VPibe careful, be prudent
   jǐn 2 Attributions
  • vibe cautious
   bì OC: priɡs MC: pi 1 Attribution

Bì 毖 (ant. chéng 懲 "take one's warning from, take (a matter of a past) as a warning") is an archaic word for being on one's guard.

  • vtoNbe on one's guard against, be wary of
   jiè OC: krɯɯɡs MC: kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • vibe cautious
   xiáng MC: zjang OC: sɢlaŋ 1 Attribution
  • vibe cautious, investigating things in detail before proceeding
   xiǎo  MC: sjewX  OC: smewʔ  1 Attribution
  • visubject=nonhumanbe cautious (of mind, attitude)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: