#### Taxonomy of meanings for 并:

• 并 bìng (OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ) 畀政切 去 廣韻：【專也 】
• ANNEX
• vtoNbring equally under one's control; annex; add to what one has;
• vtoNpassivebe annexed by
• nabactannexation by others
• generalised>UNITE
• vtoNunite (the oikoumene 並天下)
• vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: sum up. JZ 9.15: 三位并之為法 "As for (what is in) the three positions on the counting surface, summing them up makes the divisor."
• {vtt...}mathematical termCHEMLA 2003JZ 4.24, Liu Hui comm: 并句股冪 "if you make the sum of squares of the base and the height (of the right-angled triangle)...". Syntactically, this could conceivably come to mean "the square of the sum of the base and the height", but phrases of this structure are never construed that way and the meaning probably has to be expressed as 句股并冪, since we have JZ 9.12 股弦并冪 as we have also, with chà 差 "difference": 句股差冪. This is a new kind of example of how technical usage is restrictive with respect to grammatical potential, a point already noticed and described for Mohist logic by A.C. Graham.
• vtt(oN1.)+N2mathematical termCHEMLA 2003: add a contextually determinate number to JIUZHANG 9.19, and 9.13 Liu Hui commentary: 并句率七 "summing to it the lǜ (quod vide) of the base of the right-angled triangle yields seven". JZ 7.19, Liu Hui comm: 假令本錢三萬，并利為三萬九千。除初返歸留餘加利為三萬二千五百除二返歸留餘又加利為二萬五千三百五十 "Suppose the money one starts out with was 30 000, summing it with the interest makes 39 000. Removing what is returned the first time he goes back what remains, when one adds it to the interest, makes 32 500. Removing what is returned the second time he goes back, what remains, when one adds it to the interest, makes 25 350."
• nab.ttmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the sumJZ 5.26, Liu Hui comm: 為兩廣并 "it makes the sum of the two widths". JZ 9.11, Liu Hui's comm: 以差減并 "subtracting the difference from the sum...". Another common formula is 以 x 及 y 并 "to make the sum of x and y". (JZ 5.22)
• ALL
• AND
• vtoN1.postN2and, with
• GATHER
• viactcome together, assemble
• vtoNgather together, hoard; gather (troops etc); unite
• IMITATE
• vtoNimitate, pretend to the status of????
• SAME