ADD  加上

PUT MORE so as to CAUSE A QUANTITY TO INCREASE.
INCREASEMAGNIFYAMPLIFYAUGMENTINTENSIFYHEIGHTENDEEPENCOMPOUNDREINFORCEADD FUEL TO THE FIRE OFFAN THE FLAMES OFRUB SALT ON THE WOUND OF
Taxonoymy

ALSO

Antonymy

REMOVE

Kind Of

PUT

Old Chinese Criteria

[ABSTRACT/CONCRETE]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The current general word for adding something onto something else, both abstractly and concretely, is jiā 加 (ant. sǔn 損 "detract from").

[GENERAL]

2. Fù 附 and refer to a concrete act of adding or fixing something onto something else.

[CONCRETE]

3. Fù 傅 (ant. jué 攫 "take away") is rare and seems to refer to the spatial fixing or adding of something to something else.

[CONCRETE]

Modern Chinese Criteria

補充

增加

加入

加上

增添

添加

補加

附加

加添

增設

增益

追加

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 133

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 258

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 70

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.16.15

AJOUTER.AUGMENTER

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 12
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 4
  • VPtoN : 3
  • VPtoN : 2
  • vadV : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vttoN1.+vtoN2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 5
  • 論語 : 3
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   jiā OC: kraal MC: kɣɛ 8 Attributions

The current general word for adding something onto something else, both abstractly and concretely, is jiā 加 (ant. sǔn 損 "detract from"). [GENERAL]

  • {vtt...}mathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vadNadditional (plates); added (presents, beyond those ritually required)
  • vtoNadd; put on in addition; put over
  • vtoNpassivebe added to
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2add (something N1) to (something N2) 加焉
   tiān OC: lʰiim MC: them 4 Attributions
  • vt(oN)add to the contextually determinate thing
  • vtoNadd, increase to the amount of
  • vtoNpassivebe added
   yì OC: qleɡ MC: ʔiɛk 4 Attributions
  • vt2passivebe added to each other
  • vtoNfigurativeincrease, add to (the shame etc)
  • vttoN1.+vtoN2add N2 to N1
  • vtoNpassivebe added to
   fù OC: paɡs MC: pi̯o 3 Attributions

Fù 傅 (ant. jué 攫 "take away") is rare and seems to refer to the spatial fixing or adding of something to something else. [CONCRETE]

  • vtoNput on, add on, affix; rub on
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2apply N2 to N1, rub N2 onto N1
附 / 付   fù OC: bos MC: bi̯o fù OC: pos MC: pi̯o 1 Attribution

Fù 附 and refer to a concrete act of adding or fixing something onto something else. [CONCRETE] Fù 附 and refer to a concrete act of adding or fixing something onto something else. [CONCRETE]

  • vtoNadd onto, fix onto
  • vadVadditionally
加增   jiā zēng OC: kraal tsɯɯŋ MC: kɣɛ tsəŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe added to
又益   yòu yì OC: ɢʷɯs qleɡ MC: ɦɨu ʔiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfigurativeadd still more to
更增   gèng zēng OC: kraaŋs tsɯɯŋ MC: kɣaŋ tsəŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNadd
加以   jiā yǐ MC: kae yiX OC: kraal k-lɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNproduce in addition
并 / 併   bìng OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ bìng OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: sum up. JZ 9.15: 三位并之為法 "As for (what is in) the three positions on the counting surface, summing them up makes the divisor."
  • {vtt...}mathematical termCHEMLA 2003JZ 4.24, Liu Hui comm: 并句股冪 "if you make the sum of squares of the base and the height (of the right-angled triangle)...". Syntactically, this could conceivably come to mean "the square of the sum of the base and the height", but phrases of this structure are never construed that way and the meaning probably has to be expressed as 句股并冪, since we have JZ 9.12 股弦并冪 as we have also, with chà 差 "difference": 句股差冪. This is a new kind of example of how technical usage is restrictive with respect to grammatical potential, a point already noticed and described for Mohist logic by A.C. Graham. 
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2mathematical termCHEMLA 2003: add a contextually determinate number to JIUZHANG 9.19, and 9.13 Liu Hui commentary: 并句率七 "summing to it the lǜ (quod vide) of the base of the right-angled triangle yields seven". JZ 7.19, Liu Hui comm: 假令本錢三萬,并利為三萬九千。除初返歸留餘加利為三萬二千五百除二返歸留餘又加利為二萬五千三百五十 "Suppose the money one starts out with was 30 000, summing it with the interest makes 39 000. Removing what is returned the first time he goes back what remains, when one adds it to the interest, makes 32 500. Removing what is returned the second time he goes back, what remains, when one adds it to the interest, makes 25 350."
  • nab.ttmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: the sumJZ 5.26, Liu Hui comm: 為兩廣并 "it makes the sum of the two widths". JZ 9.11, Liu Hui's comm: 以差減并 "subtracting the difference from the sum...". Another common formula is 以 x 及 y 并 "to make the sum of x and y". (JZ 5.22)
   zài OC: tsɯɯs MC: tsəi 0 Attributions
  • vadVin addition, in additionally SHIJI: 再辟地千里 "Further expanded the territory by a thousand li"
   cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: join up with> add to form of addition in which one basic number is given, and added to it (joining it, cóng 從 ) are other numbers: 從定法 "joins>is added to the already determined divisor". The operation of addition, as construed by the term cóng 從 is thus not symmetrical, there being one main number to which others are added and hence disappear from the calculating surface. [Note that what is conventionally called a "calculating board" has never been excavated from any period whatever, as Jean-Claude Martzloff has rightly emphasised.
均加   jūn jiā OC: kʷlin kraal MC: kʷin kɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
   hé OC: ɡool MC: ɦʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • nmathematics: result of addition, sum

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: