Taxonomy of meanings for 新:

  • xīn (OC:siŋ MC: sin) 廣韻:息鄰切 【新故也亦姓國語晉大夫新穆子又複姓二氏何氏姓苑有新和氏陳留風俗傳云畢公封於新垣後因氏焉魏將新垣衍改爲梁垣氏息鄰切三 】
    • NEW
      • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is new; the new ones; new stuff
      • v[adN]pluraloccasionally used nominally: the new ones (compare also DISTANT) SHU 器非求舊,惟新
      • vadNnegativenewfangled, new; newly introduced; fresh, unaccustomed
      • vadNpositivenew and fashionable; new and neat; newly come into existence (not: new in kind); OBI: newly built (For 新邑 compare "Newcastle" [sorry!])
      • vadNnew; unused; newly established (ruler)
      • vadNfigurativenew in kind
      • vadVas a new measure; as a new instance, as a fresh experience; anew, afresh 新相知
      • vichangebe renewed 日新 find new ways
      • vistativebe new (to the job etc.)
      • vtoNcausativerenew, make new (i.e. redo what existed before, NOT: create something new)
      • vtoNcausativerenew (oneself)
      • vad.VadNnew
      • causative>REPAIR
        • vtoNbuild anew: renovate; refurbish
        • renew through education>TEACH
          • vtoNreform through teaching 新民
      • historical>RECENT
        • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is recent
        • vadNrecent, recently acquired; recently planted (forest); recently arrived (and without lasting links to a place)
        • vadV.ad:vadNrecently (deceased/built etc)
        • vadVnewly, recently; lately; just
        • vibe recent (in one's job etc); be a recent event
        • figurative: not of old friendship>DISTANT
          • nfigurativestranger
          • nabfeaturedistance of relationship, lack of depth of friendship
        • of fruit: not rotten>FRESH
          • nabfeaturefreshness
          • nmsubj=nonhumanfresh things (offerings); fresh fruit, fresh crop
          • vadNfresh, new (grain)
        • recently married>WIFE