Taxonomy of meanings for 云:

  • yún (OC: ɢun MC: ɦiun) 王分切 平 廣韻:【辝也言也説文古文雲字亦姓出自祝融之後 】
    • SPEAK
      • nabactutterances, way of talking
      • viact(generally) speak, use language; speak up
      • vitransitiveof persons, tensed: say so, say it; talk about it; sometimes of non-human and non-speaking subjects, by extension: express it
      • vt[0]oSone says S
      • vtoNpassivebe spoken about, be mentioned
      • vtoNPab{S}indirect-speechsay that S 卜云其吉 !!!
      • vtoSS=indirect.speechsay that
      • vtoSsubject=human(often used within the scope of other verbs of speaking like yuē 曰) untensed, of persons, vt: (generally tend to) say, (generally tend to) claim:; (untensed) say:
      • vtoSsubject=humansay as follows, speak as follows
      • vtoSsubject=textof texts, untensed: say, run as follows, German: lauten
      • vt(oS)say the same thing
      • vt(oN)express this contextually determinate thing vividly
      • vt[oN]speak so, say so
      • specifically>PRAISE
        • vtoNspeak positively of; have good words for, have anything good to say for
      • grammaticalised: quotation “saying” finished>FINAL PARTICLES
        • ppostadSmarker of end of quotation
        • ppostadSeuphoniceuphonic colloquial particle at the end of phrases 禮云禮云 "It is all a matter of ritual..."
    • grammaticalised “suppose one says”>IF
      • padS1.adS2
      • grammaticalised>COPULA
        • vt+Ncopulabe
        • specifically>PROBABLE
          • ppostadSmodal particle: modal final particale cooccurring with modal 其 and especially gài 蓋: or so they say; 2. cooccurring with 如, 若, 類: of that kind, as in colloquial English sentence-final clitic - like, of that kind.
          • padS..., or so it is said,...
          • REACH
            • vt0oNSHI: it comes to the time of N
            • so as to have>OBTAIN
              • vtoNpassiveget