CLOUD  天雲

VISIBLE MASS of ASSEMBLED WATER OR ICE FLOATING IN the AIR.
STORM CLOUDCLOUDBANKCLOUD COVERMACKEREL SKY
Taxonoymy

MISTHALO

See also

RAINBOW

Kind Of

WATER

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for a cloud is yún 雲.

2. Xiāo 霄 refers in an elevated style to high thin clouds, and the word is fairly rare.

3. Xiá 霞 refers to misty, rosy-coloured clouds.

4. Yùn 暈 refers to the halo round sun or moon which can occur when certain cloud formations surround the sun or moon, a phenomenon which attracted particular attention Shang dynasty astronomers.

5. Bái hóng 白虹 refers to the palish rainbow-like structure which sometimes accompanies the halo round the moon or the sun.

Modern Chinese Criteria

雲彩

雲朵

雲氣

陰雲

彤雲

雲翳

彩雲

雲霞

雯華

火燒雲

卿雲

慶雲

慶霄

祥雲

瑞雲

白雲

烏雲

火雲

高雲

低雲

浮雲

雲海

雲層

雲頭

雲端

卷雲

積雲

朵雲

層雲

中雲

積雨雲

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 1.73

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 125

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 836

Wolke:

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 319

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 72

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 3.1023

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 55/6

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.308:206

NUE.NUEE.NUAGE

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 19
  • nadV : 11
  • NP : 4
  • nadN : 3
  • NP{vadN} : 1
  • NPm : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 陸機集十一卷 : 5
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 史記 : 3
  • 天中記 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

雲 / 云   yún OC: ɢun MC: ɦi̯un yún OC: ɢun MC: ɦi̯un 31 Attributions

The current general word for a cloud is yún 雲. The current general word for a cloud is yún 雲.

  • ncloud
  • nabfigurativecloud (of ignorance)
  • nadNmade of cloud, cloudy
  • nadVanalogyin massive numbers like clouds; floating about like clouds
  • nadVanalogylike clouds :> from all directions in large numbers
  • nadVinstrumentusing the names of clouds
  • nadNfigurativecloud-like
   xiāo OC: smew MC: siɛu 2 Attributions

Xiāo 霄 refers in an elevated style to high thin clouds, and the word is fairly rare.

  • nvapour, high cloud; sky
雲霧   yún wù OC: ɢun mos MC: ɦi̯un mi̯o 2 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialall sorts of clouds and mists
   yùn OC: ɢuns MC: ɦi̯un 1 Attribution

Yùn 暈 refers to the halo round sun or moon which can occur when certain cloud formations surround the sun or moon, a phenomenon which attracted particular attention Shang dynasty astronomers.

  • nvapour, halo (round sun or moon) LSCQ
浮雲   fú yún OC: bu ɢun MC: bɨu ɦi̯un 1 Attribution
  • NPpluralfloating clouds
白虹   bái hóng OC: braaɡ ɡooŋ MC: bɣɛk ɦuŋ 1 Attribution

Bái hóng 白虹 refers to the palish rainbow-like structure which sometimes accompanies the halo round the moon or the sun.

  • NP{vadN}ZGC: white halo round sun or moon
雲氣   yún qì OC: ɢun khɯds MC: ɦi̯un khɨi 1 Attribution
  • NPmcloudy air; cloudy mist
鬱雲   yù yún MC: 'jut hjun OC: qud ɢun 1 Attribution
  • NPfigurativepoetic: like swelling dense clouds
   yì OC: qiiɡs MC: ʔei 0 Attributions
  • vibe cloudy or overcast
   tán OC: doom MC: dəm 0 Attributions
  • nP, late: dark clouds; overcast
   qì OC: khɯds MC: khɨi 0 Attributions
  • nSHUOWEN cloudy vapours
   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 0 Attributions
  • nforming and rising of clouds; thickening of clouds ???
   ěr OC: mljɯs MC: ȵɨ 0 Attributions
  • npost-Han, JINSHU: halo round the sun or moon
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

yīn

  • vibe cloudy
   xiá OC: ɡraa MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions

Xiá 霞 refers to misty, rosy-coloured clouds.

       ǎi OC: qaads MC: ʔɑi 0 Attributions
    • npost-Han, NANBEICHAO: clouds
    • vi.redall hazy
       qì OC: khɯds MC: khɨi 0 Attributions
    • ncloud, cloud formations

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: