Taxonomy of meanings for 凡:

  • 凡 fán (OC: blom MC: biɐm) 符䒦切 平 廣韻:【常也皆也輕也非一也又姓周公子凡伯之後姓苑云晉陵人符咸切七 】
    • MODAL PARTICLES
      • padN.adVV=non-narrativespeaking of N in principle, V can be said of it (where V is generally or typically untensed and a non-narrative generic characterisation, often of all members of a group)
      • padNPab{S}.adVtopic marker with a nominalised sentence as a topic
      • padN.adSSpeaking in general of N, S
      • padS1.adS2as a matter of principle
      • ALL
        • pad:nproadN{NUM}.adZHE3all (these x number of things)
        • vad.V{NUM}adN:postadValtogether
        • vadNaltogether, in sum
        • vadN{TOPIC}.+V{COMMENT}V=non-narrativeas a matter of principle, speaking in general of (the topic);
        • vadNquantifierHan usage: LH: all (NPs); also: any, as in He Yan on LY 1.2: 上謂凡在己上者
        • vadSin principle; speaking generally (LH 2 at the beginning not of a paragraph but a clause, but this seems very rare in earlier texts)
        • vadVreference=objectaltogether
        • SUM
            • semantic: general>MEANING
              • whenever>WHEN
                • padNPab{S}.adSwhenever S1 (then S2)
                • padS1.adS2whenever
                • padS1.adS2S1=subjectlesswhenever (note that the V can be read as an S with an understood subject in many cases: are there any cases of 凡 after an explicit subject???)
            • ORDINARY
              • nabsubjectwhat is ordinary > the profane, the secular
              • vadNordinary, common
              • vibe ordinary; be common
              • vadVordinarily
              • SECULAR
                • nabsubjectwhat is ordinary > the profane, the secular
                • v[adN]indefinitethe secular person, commoner
                • vibe profane, be secular
        • STATES
          • NPprFán 凡 (also written as Fàn 汎 ) (CHEN PAN 1969, 379-382)