Taxonomy of meanings for 塗:

  • 塗 chá (OC: ɡrlaa MC: ɖɯa) 宅加切 平 廣韻:【塗飾又音徒 】
  • 塗 tú (OC: laa MC: duo) 同都切 平 廣韻:【塗泥也路也亦姓風俗通云漢諌議大夫塗禪 】
    • MUD
      • nmmud, dirt
      • nmadNmade of mud
      • mudpath, path>WAY
        • nmajor one-track mud-road suitable for carts; road
        • nadVplacein the streets
        • nab"path" (of untrammelled evolution etc); right of way (MOVE THIS WHEN SEMANTIC CATEGORIES CAN BE CREATED AGAIN)
        • nabfigurativeway, path; right of way
        • nabsocialpossible path of action that can be pursued
      • feature>DIRTY
        • abstract, causative>DEFILE
          • dryish>CLAY
            • nclay; plaster
          • action typically involving: spread>SMEAR
            • vadVby smearing
            • vt(oN)cover a contextually determinate surface with a liquid
            • vtoNto smear, to plaster; apply (a substance) by smearing it on
            • vtoNfigurativebesmirch, defile
            • so as to scatter substance>SCATTER
                • specific>PAINT
                  • vtoNcover with thick liquid, or mud, plaster
              • specific, impacting surface>SCRATCH
                • so as to>COVER
                    • and then to put something new>REPLACE
                      • so as to block opening>BLOCK
                • 塗 du4《集韻》徒故切,去暮定。