MUD  泥土

INTENSELY MOIST SOIL.
MIRESLUDGEOOZESILTCLAYDIRTSOIL
Hypernym

SOIL -> SUBSTANCE -> THING -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

CLAY

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. Ní 泥 refers derogatorily to wet earth or mud, and this is the most general word.

2. Zhǐ 埴 refers neutrally to sticky soil.

3. Tú 塗/涂 refers to very wet earth or mud.

4. Nào 淖 refers derogatorily to mud in a mud puddle.

5. Jìn 瑾 refers neutrally to the mixture of mud with straw that is used in building houses.

6. Yū 淤 refers derogatorily to sludge on the bottom of water, or silt.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GEOGRAPHY 20. 和水的土成泥土。

泥,通稱。

塗,人工拌和用來抹牆塞洞的稀泥。

淤,水中沉澱的泥沙。

涅,黑泥。

淀,沉積的泥滓,方言詞。

淖,粘稠足以陷人的深泥。

濘,粘稠足以陷人的淺泥。

Modern Chinese Criteria

泥土

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 249

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 1.214

  • 《說文段注》“渾言”“析言”在漢語詞義研究中的意義 "Shuowen Duan zhu" "hun yan" "xi yan" zai Hanyu ci yi yanjiu zhong de yiyi 杭州大學學報 Hangzhou daxue xuebao ( CHI CHANGHAI 1991) p. 165

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    MUD

    lutum refers to the dirt of the streets or roads.

    limus refers to the mud of a river.

    coenum refers to the mire of a moor or morass.

    DIRT

    sodes refers to dirtiness through indigence or niggardliness and vulgarity.

    squalor refers to dirtiness, and unkemptness, through want of civilised habits and of delicacy in the senses.

    paedor refers to dirtiness through neglect of the person.

    situs is dirtiness as a conseuqence of long disuse, for example thorough mould, rust etc.

  • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 40

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 14
  • vtoN : 2
  • vi : 1
  • n : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • nmadN : 1
  • nadV : 1
  • NPm : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   ní OC: niil MC: nei 9 Attributions

Ní 泥 refers to wet earth or mud, and this is the most general word.

  • nadVplacein the mud
  • nmwet earth; mud
  • vifigurativeget bogged down
  • vtoNcausativeto plaster (a wall etc)
   tú OC: laa MC: duo̝ 6 Attributions

Tú 塗/涂 refers to very wet earth or mud.

  • nmmud, dirt
  • nmadNmade of mud
   nào OC: rneewɡs MC: ɳɣɛu 4 Attributions

Nào 淖 refers to mud in a mud puddle.

  • nmdeep mud, sludge
   zhí OC: djɯɡ MC: dʑɨk 1 Attribution

Zhí 埴 refers to sticky soil.

  • nsticky, muddy soil; clay
泥治   nì chí OC: niils rlɯ MC: nei ɖɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)plaster properly with mud
泥糞   ní fèn OC: niil puns MC: nei pi̯un 1 Attribution
  • NPmmud
   nǐ OC: niilʔ MC: nei 0 Attributions
  • nmud
   jìn OC: ɡrɯns MC: gin 0 Attributions

Jìn 瑾 refers to the mixture of mud with straw that is used in building houses.

  • nmud with straw
  • vtoNto plaster
   wū OC: qʷlaa MC: ʔuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • nmmud, dirt
   tú OC: laa MC: duo̝ 0 Attributions

Tú 塗/涂 refers to very wet earth or mud.

       yū OC: qa MC: ʔi̯ɤ 0 Attributions

    Yū 淤 refers to sludge on the bottom of water, or silt.

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: