ARTS  文藝

SKILLS BELIEVED to be IMPORTANT FOR EDUCATION OR AMUSEMENT.
Taxonoymy

MUSICACROBATICSRHETORICDANCE

See also

METHOD

Kind Of

SKILLFUL

Old Chinese Criteria

[AESTHETIC/MORAL]

[[CURRENT/RARE]]

[ELEVATED/VULGAR]

[GENERAL/SPECIALISED]

1. The most general word for the polite arts in ancient China is yì 藝.

[GENERAL]

2. Wén 文 (ant. wǔ 武 "martial arts) refers to higher literary fine arts including belles lettres as well as ritual.

[AESTHETIC], [ELEVATED], [SPECIALISED]; [[CURRENT]]

3. Wǔ 武 refers specifically to the martial arts.

[SPECIALISED]; [[CURRENT]]

4. Yǎ 雅 sometimes describes something as belonging to the realm of what is formed in a dignified way in accordance with the arts. See ELEGANT

[ELEVATED], [MORAL]

Modern Chinese Criteria

文藝

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

CASSIN 2004 Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles 108

ART

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ARTS

literae refers to the arts and sciences in a narrow sense, only as literature or the sciences so far as they are laid down in books, and, together with other branches of knowledge, enrich the mind, and are the means of sharpening the understanding and forming the taste.

artes refers to the arts and sciences in the widest sense of the word, so far as knoweldge of them immediately attests intellectual cultivation and readiness in the practical application of the sciences.

doctrina refers to particular parts of the general objects of knowledge formed into systems, especially the more speculative and abstract parts of philosophical and learned education.

disciplina refers to particular parts of the general objects of knowledge formed into systems, especially the more practical parts athat are conduceive to the purposes of life.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

ARS

MAUTHNER WP 1924 Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache 263

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 228

artificium refers to a craft.

ars can refer to any ability, but the word refers specifically to the fine arts.

QIAN YULIN 1996 中華古代文化辭典 Zhonghua gudai wenhua cidian 238-252

Traditional Chinese art and and arts and crafts terminology simply explained.

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 1.532

ARTES LIBERALES/ARTES MECHANICAE

UEDING 1992ff Historisches Woerterbuch der Rhetorik 4.1439

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 26
  • NPab{N1adN2} : 9
  • vadN : 7
  • vi : 5
  • NPadN : 5
  • nadN : 4
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 3
  • n[adN] : 2
  • NP[adN] : 2
  • NP : 1
  • nab{PRED} : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 論語 : 16
  • 韓非子 : 14
  • 論衡 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 鹽鐵論 : 3
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 管子 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   wén OC: mɯn MC: mi̯un 21 Attributions

Wén 文 (ant. wǔ 武 "martial arts) refers to higher literary fine arts including belles lettres as well as ritual. [AESTHETIC], [ELEVATED], [SPECIALISED]; [[CURRENT]]

  • nabactthe exercise of polite arts, polite accomplishments; external visible accomplishments; non-military accomplishments
  • nadNbeing inclined towards the arts; specialising in the civil (rather than military) arts; having a liking for literature
  • vibe highly cultured, be familiar with the polite arts
  • n[adN]N=humperson of non-military civil virtue
文學   wén xué OC: mɯn ɡruuɡ MC: mi̯un ɦɣɔk 16 Attributions
  • NP[adN]definitethe group of litterati
  • NPab{N1adN2}actliterary pursuits; literary studies; the liberal arts culturual studies; the polite arts; cultural achievements
  • NPadNdevoted to the liberal arts
  • NPadNnonreferentialmen devoted to literary pursuits and to the liberal arts, intellectuals
   yǎ OC: ŋɡraaʔ MC: ŋɣɛ 9 Attributions

Yǎ 雅 sometimes describes something as belonging to the realm of what is formed in a dignified way in accordance with the arts. See ELEGANT [ELEVATED], [MORAL]

  • nabacteducated behaviour, civilised behaviour informed by cultivation of the arts
  • vadNeducated in the arts (ant. sú 俗 "vulgar"); refined through exposure to the arts
   yì OC: ŋeds MC: ŋiɛi 8 Attributions

The most general word for the polite arts in ancient China is yì 藝. [GENERAL]

  • nab{PRED}tensedwill be an art 死藝 (without 也)
  • nabactthe fine arts
  • nabdispositionartistic ability, craft
  • vibe talented in the arts, be well-educated in the arts
  • viactengage in the liberal or polite arts
   wǔ OC: mbaʔ MC: mi̯o 7 Attributions

Wǔ 武 refers specifically to the martial arts. [SPECIALISED]; [[CURRENT]]

  • nabdispositionmartial arts; martial skills; military accomplishment
  • nadNinclined towards the military, dominated by interest in military matters
  • n[adN]N=hummilitary man
文章   wén zhāng OC: mɯn kjaŋ MC: mi̯un tɕi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPab{N1=N2}actrecognised achievements in the polite arts; LY 夫子之文章
六藝   liù yì OC: ɡ-ruɡ ŋeds MC: luk ŋiɛi 1 Attribution
  • NPthe six liberal arts
技藝   jì yì OC: ɡreʔ ŋeds MC: giɛ ŋiɛi 1 Attribution
  • NPabdispositionarts
文雅   wén yǎ OC: mɯn ŋɡraaʔ MC: mi̯un ŋɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNeducated in the polite and elegant arts
藝文   yì wén OC: ŋeds mɯn MC: ŋiɛi mi̯un 0 Attributions
  • NPabsocialthe arts
雅文   yǎ wén OC: ŋɡraaʔ mɯn MC: ŋɣɛ mi̯un 0 Attributions
  • NPadNcivilised and dignified

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: