CLASSIC  經典

DOCUMENT of INTENSELY BIG AUTHORITY, TYPICALLY USED in EDUCATION.
EPITOMEPARADIGMEXEMPLARGREAT WORKMASTERPIECE
Kind Of

DOCUMENT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The pre-Han general term which became culturally crucial in Han times is jīng 經 (opp. zhuàn 傳 "commentary, tradition attached to classic") which can refer to any canonised codified "classical" text.

2. Diǎn 典 is highly archaic and begins to be obsolete by Warring States times though the word did survive as a deliberate archaism.

See also DECREE and LAW

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

EDUCATION 5.

經,對儒家和宗教和其他具有永久指導作用的典範著作的尊稱。

典, 典範重要的文獻和典籍。

墳,取義於大、高、古,讓人仰視、最古老的重要典籍。

Modern Chinese Criteria

經書

經籍

經典

典籍

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1595

UEDING 1992ff Historisches Woerterbuch der Rhetorik 4.869

UEDING 1992ff Historisches Woerterbuch der Rhetorik 4.977-1988

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 286

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

SCRIPTURE

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 20
  • NP : 5
  • npost-V{NUM} : 3

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 長短經 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   jīng OC: keeŋ MC: keŋ 15 Attributions

The pre-Han general term which became culturally crucial in Han times is jīng 經 (opp. zhuàn 傳 "commentary on classics") which can refer to any canonised codified "classical" text.

  • nclassic book; main textBUDDH: Buddhist scripture, often concretely referring to sūtras which traditionally were regarded as the words of Buddha
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: Already Liu Hui's preface to JZ refers to JZ as a 經 in the notoriously ill-understood phrase 經術 which, in Liu Hui's preface to JZ must refer to "the procedures in the Classic (i.e. in the JZ)". Thus whereas the JZ itself does not declare itself to be a 經, the earliest commentary does. If, as many modern Chinese translators suggest, 經 had to be taken to refer to the Confucian classics in Liu Hui's commentary, this would mark an uncharacteristically diffuse departure from the mathematical topic of his great commentary.
   diǎn OC: tɯɯnʔ MC: ten 3 Attributions

Diǎn 典 is highly archaic and begins to be obsolete by Warring States times though the word did survive as a deliberate archaism.See also DECREE and LAW

  • ntext giving the laws of antiquity; classic text; canonical scripture
  • vicodified, formalised
   fén OC: bɯn MC: bi̯un 2 Attributions
  • nclassic 三墳
經書   jīng shū OC: keeŋ qhlja MC: keŋ ɕi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • NPpluralclassic books> sutras
六經   liù lù liù jīng MC: ljuwk keng OC: ɡ-ruɡ keeŋ 2 Attributions
  • npost-V{NUM}the six classics 《诗》《书》《礼》《易》《乐》《春秋》
典墳   diǎn fén OC: tɯɯnʔ bɯn MC: ten bi̯un 1 Attribution
  • NPreferentialthe classics (of all kinds)
反經   fǎn jīng OC: panʔ keeŋ MC: pi̯ɐn keŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPClassic of Opposites (important chapter by Zhang Rui, contemporary and acquaintance of Li Bo)
法典   fǎ diǎn OC: pab tɯɯnʔ MC: pi̯ɐp ten 1 Attribution
  • NPBuddhist classics
六經   liù lù liù jīng MC: ljuwk keng OC: ɡ-ruɡ keeŋ 1 Attribution
  • npost-V{NUM}the six classics 《诗》《书》《礼》《易》《乐》《春秋》
七經   qī jīng OC: snʰid keeŋ MC: tshit keŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPthe Seven Classics DCD: 七經名目,歷來說法不一。 東漢 《一字石經》作《易》、《詩》、《書》、《儀禮》、《春秋》、《公羊》、《論語》;《後漢書‧張純傳》 唐 李賢 注作《詩》、《書》、《禮》、《樂》、《易》、《春秋》、《論語》; 宋 劉敞 《七經小傳》作《書》、《詩》、《周禮》、《儀禮》、《禮記》、《公羊》、《論語》; 清 康熙 《御纂七經》作《易》、《書》、《詩》、《春秋》、《周禮》、《儀禮》、《禮記》。
   wǔ OC: ŋaaʔ MC: ŋuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • NPThe Five Classics 班固 《白虎通‧五經》:"五經何謂?謂《易》、《尚書》、《詩》、《禮》、《春秋》也。"
佛經   fó jīng OC: bɯd keeŋ MC: bi̯ut keŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPBuddhist sutra; Buddhist holy texts
墳典   fén diǎn OC: bɯn tɯɯnʔ MC: bi̯un ten 0 Attributions

三墳 and 五典

  • NP{N1&N2}classic
經傳   jīng zhuàn OC: keeŋ tons MC: keŋ ʈiɛn 0 Attributions
  • NPclassics and commentaries
經卷   jīng juàn OC: keeŋ ɡonʔ MC: keŋ gi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • NPpluralclassics; sutras
諸子   zhū zǐ OC: klja sklɯʔ MC: tɕi̯ɤ tsɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPthe books of the various philosophers/masters
六經   liù lù liù jīng MC: ljuwk keng OC: ɡ-ruɡ keeŋ 0 Attributions
  • npost-V{NUM}classics
六經   liù lù liù jīng MC: ljuwk keng OC: ɡ-ruɡ keeŋ 0 Attributions
  • npost-V{NUM}the six classics

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: