CLEAR  清楚

EASY to PERCEIVE OR UNDERSTAND.
EVIDENTOBVIOUSEVIDENTPLAINCRYSTAL CLEARSUREDEFINITEUNMISTAKABLEMANIFESTINDISPUTABLEPATENTINCONTROVERTIBLEIRREFUTABLEBEYOND DOUBTBEYOND QUESTIONPALPABLEVISIBLEDISCERNIBLECONSPICUOUSOVERTBLATANTGLARINGAS PLAIN AS DAYAS PLAIN AS THE NOSE ON ONE'S FACE
Antonymy

OBSCUREVAGUE

See also

PURESIMPLE

Kind Of

EASY

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general standard and clearly dominant word for things that are easily accessible to the intellect and to the senses is míng 明 (ant. hūn 昏 "unclear").

2. Zhāng 彰 (ant. yǐn 隱 "obscure") is an elevated word for something being clear to the intellectual eye.

3. Zhāo zhāo 昭昭 refers emphatically to perfect transparency and clarity.

4. Chéng 澄 (ant. hún 混 "opaque") prototypically refers to the unruffled, clear state of water or the like. See PURE

5. Primarily physical transparency is qīng 清 and the very rare chè 澈 (all ant. zhuó 濁 "muddled and unclear"). See PURE

Modern Chinese Criteria

清楚

清晰

明晰

歷歷

分明

鮮明

一清二楚

黑白分明

簡短

簡明

簡潔

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 741

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 17.34

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

EVIDENT

constat refers to what is definitively true and not based on floating rumours only.

apparet refers to something being evident as something that emerges from a state where it was less than evident.

liquet refers to something being evident under the image of it flowing easily and not being frozen stiff.

elucet refers to something being evident as something shining forth with clarity.

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 223

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 328

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.846

KLAR UND DEUTLICH

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 30

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 214

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 314

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 19
  • vtoN : 15
  • vadV : 11
  • VPi : 7
  • vadN : 6
  • nab : 5
  • VPi : 4
  • VPadV : 4
  • vi.red:adN : 2
  • VPadN : 1
  • vtoNab{S} : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vi.red : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 30
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 臨濟錄 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1

Words

   míng OC: mraŋ MC: mɣaŋ 46 Attributions

The most general standard and clearly dominant word for things that are easily accessible to the intellect and to the senses is míng 明 (ant. hūn 昏 "unclear").

  • nabfactualwhat is evident and clear
  • nabpsychclarity, distinctness of vision
  • vadNclear; publicly well-known
  • vadVlucidly; openly, clearly; perfectly clearly 明知
  • vibe evident; be transparent; be clearly visible
  • vt+prep+Ngradedbe clearer than
  • vtoNcausativemake public and clear; promote publicly, make publicly well-known; be publicly clear about, demonstrate publicly
  • vtoNab{S}psychmake it clear that (one) is characterised as in S
昭昭   zhāo zhāo OC: kljew kljew MC: tɕiɛu tɕiɛu 6 Attributions

Zhāo zhāo 昭昭 refers emphatically to perfect transparency and clarity.

  • vi.red:adNperfectly manifest, very clear (crimes)
  • VPiunderstand clearly
   zhù OC: k-las MC: ʈi̯ɤ 5 Attributions
  • vadNclear, incontrovertible
  • vibe openly present; zhongyong: be clearly manifest
分明   fēn míng OC: pɯn mraŋ MC: pi̯un mɣaŋ 4 Attributions
  • VPadVclearly, distinctly
  • VPibe clear and distinct
  • VPichangebecome clear and distinct
   chéng OC: dɯŋ MC: ɖɨŋ 3 Attributions

Chéng 澄 (ant. hún 混 "opaque") prototypically refers to the unruffled, clear state of water or the like. See PURE

  • vadNclear and unruffled 澄水
  • vi.redpoeticbe clear and unruffled
  • vipoeticbe clear and unruffled; be limpid
   zhāng OC: kjaŋ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Zhāng 彰 (ant. yǐn 隱"obscure") is an elevated word for something being clear to the intellectual eye.

  • vadVclearly, distinctly SHU 彰聞
  • vibe brilliantly clear
   qīng OC: tsheŋ MC: tshiɛŋ 2 Attributions

Primarily physical transparency is qīng 清 and the very rare chè 澈 (all ant. zhuó 濁 "muddled and unclear"). See PURE

  • viderivedbe uncompromising, be unambiguous
   lì OC: reeɡ MC: lek 1 Attribution
  • vi.redreduplicated: clear, distinct
   chì OC: khljɯɡs MC: tɕhɨ 1 Attribution
  • vadVblazingly > clearly, distinctly
了然   liǎo rán OC: reewʔ njen MC: leu ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPadVclearly
熾然   chì rán OC: khljɯɡs njen MC: tɕhɨ ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPadVblazingly > clearly, distinctly
   fēn OC: pɯn MC: pi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vadNdistinct; clearly distinguished
  • vimiddle voicebe clearly defined and delimited
昭然   zhāo rán MC: tsyew nyen OC: kljew njen 1 Attribution
  • VPibe brilliantly clear
昭晣   zhāo zhé MC: tsyew tsyet OC: kljew -- 1 Attribution
  • VPiinchoativefigurative, poetic: become clear in outline to the mind
瀏亮   liú liàng MC: ljuw ljangH OC: b-ru ɡ-raŋs 1 Attribution
  • VPibe limpid and resplendent; be brilliant
明白   míng bái bó bái MC: mjaeng baek OC: mraŋ braaɡ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNevident, obvious
   jiōng OC: kʷeeŋ MC: keŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibe clear?? 我心扃扃
   tài OC: thaads MC: thɑi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to be clean > purify, make clean
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • viclear; pure
   mù OC: muɡ MC: muk 0 Attributions
  • nadVvisibly to the eye
   shū OC: sqra MC: ʂi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • vadNuncluttered
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe brilliantly clear
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPiinchoativefigurative, poetic: become clear in outline to the mind
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe limpid and clear
瀏亮   liú liàng MC: ljuw ljangH OC: b-ru ɡ-raŋs 0 Attributions
  • VPibe limpid and resplendent; be brilliant

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: