BOVINE  牛族動物

BIG BEAST or DOMESTIC ANIMAL which has HORNS, AND that SOMETIMES CAN be CAUSED TO PULL PLOUGHS... [BIOLOGY]
COWHEIFERBULLBULLOCKCALFOXBISON
Taxonoymy

MALE BOVINECALF

See also

OX

Kind Of

BEAST

Old Chinese Criteria

[CONGERIES]

1. The current general word for bovines of any kind is niú 牛.

2. Xī 犀 is the standard word for a rhinoceros.

3. Sì 兕 refers to an unidentified large wild ox which was currently hunted in Shang Dynasty times.

4. Máo 旄 refers to the yak-ox generally, famous for profuse growth of hair all over the body and the limbs.

5. Máo 犛 refers to the black yak-ox, but the word is as rare as was, presumably, the animal in central parts of China.

6. Láo 牢 refers to an bovine specially reared for sacrificial person, and the word is ubiquitous in OBI.

7. Xī sì 犀兕 is a generic term referring to rhino-like bovines, and the compound is never referential referring to one specific beast of this kind.

Modern Chinese Criteria

牛類

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 3.15

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 3.20

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 239

Stier:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 750

5.Stiere

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 794

Rind:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 805

Stier:

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.970

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.1248

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.1711

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 687

犛,旄

1. WL points out that Sima Xiangru distinguishes between these two, both being long-haired and furry, but ma2o 犛 being black and known only in the south-western regions.

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

CATTLE

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

bos, bovis 'bovine animal, cattle; ox, bull; cow' [m., f.] (Naev.+). Variants: nom.sg.

bus Varro lx, bouis Varro lx, Petr. Ix, abl.sg. bouid CIL 11.4766, gen.pl. bouerum

Cato, Varro, bouum, bouom Varro. Quint., Fest., bubum Ulp., dat.abl.pl. bubus, bo bus

passim.

Derivatives: bovTle [n.] (Cato+), bubile [n.] (Plaut.+) 'stall for oxen', bubula 'beef

(P1.+), bUbulus 'pertaining to, belonging to cattle' (Naev.+); bubulcus 'one who

ploughs with oxen, herdsman' (Cato+), bubulcitare 'to be a herdsman, keep, feed,

drive oxen' (P1.+); bucetum 'pasture' (Varro+); bucula 'young cow' (Cic.+), buculus

'young bull' (Col.+); bucaeda [m.] 'ox-slaughterer' (PL+); Bubona 'cattle goddess'

(Aug.); bucina 'shepherd's horn, trumpet' (Varro+).

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.133

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 91A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 16
  • NP : 6
  • nadN : 5
  • ncc : 4
  • nadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 山海經 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1

Words

   sì OC: ziʔ MC: zi 12 Attributions

Sì 兕 refers to an unidentified large wild ox which was currently hunted in Shang Dynasty times.

  • nperhaps rhinoceros-like wild animal only tentatively identified by biologists, wild buffalo or ox of some kind, commonly mentioned and hunted already in OBI
  • nadNmade of rhinoceros horn
   niú OC: ŋɯ MC: ŋɨu 7 Attributions

The current general word for bovines of any kind is niú 牛.

  • nadNox-drawn (carts) [[this sort of adjectival usage probably does not need an entry]]; designed for oxen/water buffaloes
  • nadVanalogylike an ox 牛飲 "drink like cattle"
  • nccwater buffalo; ox Keightley: @Foot{I translate oracle-bone @i{niu} 牛 as "bovine"; theinscriptions do not generally indicate whether the bovinesinvolved were female or male.}
  • nadNof an ox, bovine (e.g. excrement)
犀兕   xī sì OC: sliil ziʔ MC: sei zi 5 Attributions

Xī sì 犀兕 is a generic term referring to rhino-like bovines, and the compound is never referential referring to one specific beast of this kind.

  • NPnonreferentialwild buffalo; rhinoceros; (by synecdoche, pars pro toto>) their hide
   xī OC: sliil MC: sei 4 Attributions

Xī 犀 is the standard word for a rhinoceros.

  • nrhinoceros
  • nadNof rhinoceros, rhinoceros-
   máo OC: moow MC: mɑu 3 Attributions

Máo 旄 refers to the yak-ox generally or even bovines generally.

  • nbovine of any kind; yak, long-haired buffalo Cf. máo 犛
犁牛   lí niú OC: riil ŋɯ MC: lei ŋɨu 1 Attribution
  • NP(black) ploughing ox
   láo OC: ruu MC: lɑu 0 Attributions

Láo 牢 refers to an bovine specially reared for sacrificial person, and the word is ubiquitous in OBI.

  • nOBI 5: bovine specially reared for sacrificial purposes, and the word also refers to sheep so used, although the graph is sometimes varied by putting the sheep radical instead of the ox under the roof. Xu's dictionary writes, disarmingly: 用於祭祀之牛羊
   jiè OC: kraads MC: kɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • nyoung ox ???
   máo OC: mɢraaw MC: mɣɛu 0 Attributions

Máo 犛 refers to the black yak-ox, but the word is as rare as was, presumably, the animal in central parts of China.

  • nlong-haired ox; yak
騂旄   xīng máo OC: seŋ moow MC: siɛŋ mɑu 0 Attributions
  • NPred bull

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: