DOG  

COMMON DOMESTIC OR WILD ANIMAL which HAS FOUR LEGS. [BIOLOGY; CANIS]
HOUNDCANINEMONGRELCURPUPPUPPYINFORMAL DOGGY/DOGGIEPOOCH
Taxonoymy

BITCHPUPPY

See also

FOX

Kind Of

DOMESTIC ANIMAL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general literary word for a dog is quǎn 犬.

2. Gǒu 狗 is a colloquial word for a dog (according to some early commentators a small dog, and it is plausible that the colloquial word may have referred to the small dog in particular).

3. Máng 尨 refers to a shaggy, mangy dog, and this rare word has an archaic and poetic flavour.

NB: The various other designations for dogs recorded in early dictionaries are not in general use.

Inicdentally, already in Han times dogs' meat was regarded a delicacy. Fan Kuai 樊噲, the aide to the first emperor of the Han, was a dog-butcher.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ANIMALS 12.

獒,藏獒,出先秦西戎所貢;中古時引申泛指大狗。

狡犬,巨口赤身的藏獒,先秦匈奴所贈。

豻,吻部黑色的金黃色藏獒,見於漢代;青豻在晚近引申指大黑狗(方言)。

番狗,西藏所贈藏獒,見於唐代。

Modern Chinese Criteria

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 3.61

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 216

Hund:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 763

Hund:

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 44

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 9

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1502

STUMPFELDT 2002 Und folge dem, was mein Herz begehrt Hamburger Sinologische Schriften 1.93-139

WANG TONGWEI 2010 "三國志"同義詞及其歷史演變 290-302

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 100

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

canes, -is 'dog' [m.f. «] (P1.+; nom-sg. usually canis, but older canes in Enn., PL,

Lucil., Varro (all lx), abl.sg. cane, gen.pl. canum) j

Derivatives: camcula 'bitch' (PI.+); dog-star, Sirius; dog-fish or shark' (Varro+),

cariimis 'of a dog' (PI.+).

WEBER 1857 Democritus Ridens 6.358

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 89B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 39
  • n : 4
  • NP : 1
  • nadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 15
  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 老子 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   gǒu OC: kooʔ MC: ku 25 Attributions

Gǒu 狗is a colloquial word for a dog (according to some early commentators a small dog, and it is plausible that the colloquial word may have referred to the small dog in particular).

  • noriginally: puppy, also the young of bears and tigers; mostely generally: dog
  • nfigurative"dogs"
  • nadNdoglike
  • nadNfigurativedoglike; dog of an N 狗賊
  • nadVanalogylike a dog
  • ndog
  • npost-N
   quǎn OC: khʷeenʔ MC: khen 13 Attributions

The current general literary word for a dog is quǎn 犬.

  • ndog
  • nadVanalogylike a dog SHIJI: 犬吠
   máng OC: mrooŋ MC: mɣɔŋ 3 Attributions

Máng 尨 refers to a shaggy, mangy dog, and this rare word has an archaic and poetic flavour.

  • nshaggy dog
   áo OC: ŋoow MC: ŋɑu 2 Attributions

refers to the large Tibetan mastiff.

  • nlarge fierce dog
   huán OC: ɢoon MC: ɦʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • nsmall raccoon dog; badger
吠狗   fèi gǒu OC: bods kooʔ MC: bi̯ɐi ku 1 Attribution
  • NPreferential: watch-dog
   án OC: ŋɡaan MC: ŋɑn 0 Attributions
  • nwild dog SHANHAIJING: 青犴
   jiǎo OC: kreewʔ MC: kɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • nyoung dog
   zhì OC: kreds MC: kiɛi 0 Attributions
  • nP: mad dog
   xiē OC: qhad MC: hi̯ɐt 0 Attributions
  • nkind of dog
   xiǎn OC: qhromʔ MC: hiɛm 0 Attributions
  • nkind of dog
   xiǎn OC: qhramʔ MC: hiɛm 0 Attributions
  • ndog with a long snout
   àn OC: ŋɡaans MC: ŋɑn 0 Attributions

Tibetan mastiff with a black snout. (Han)

  • nsmall wild dog of the steppe resembling a fox
狡犬   jiǎo quǎn OC: kreewʔ khʷeenʔ MC: kɣɛu khen 0 Attributions
  • NPreddish Tibetan mastiff with a large snout (given as tribute by the Xiongnu)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: