EARNEST  真誠

DILIGENT AND SERIOUS IN-RELATION-TO one's SELF:own BELIEFS AND ASPIRATIONS.
SINCEREHEARTFELTWHOLEHEARTEDPROFOUNDDEEPGENUINEREALUNFEIGNEDUNAFFECTEDTRUEHONESTBONA FIDEHONESTGENUINETRUTHFULUNHYPOCRITICALSTRAIGHTFORWARDDIRECTFRANKCANDIDINFORMAL STRAIGHTUPFRONTON THE LEVELON THE UP AND UPSERIOUSSOLEMNGRAVESOBERHUMORLESSSTAIDINTENSECOMMITTEDDEDICATEDKEENDILIGENTZEALOUSTHOUGHTFULDEVOUTHEARTFELTWHOLEHEARTEDSINCEREIMPASSIONEDFERVENTARDENTINTENSEURGENT
Taxonoymy

FRANKSERIOUSPIOUS

Antonymy

NEGLECT

See also

TRUEMORALITYNAIVE

Kind Of

DILIGENT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current standard word for earnestness in attitude and earnest effort in practice is chéng 誠 (ant.* màn 慢 "negligent").

2. Dǔ 篤 refers to trusty earnestness under the special aspect of dependability.

3. Liàng 諒 refers to sincerity of attitude as a moral virtue.

4. Zhōng 衷 refers to earnestness as an inner attitude under the aspect of emotional genuineness, a moral earnestness which will move Heaven.

Modern Chinese Criteria

真誠

熱誠

至誠

赤誠

赤忱

虔誠

竭誠

精誠

誠摯

誠篤

誠懇

懇切

純真

真摯

懇摯

深摯

真率

率真

義氣

誠心

實心

真心

傾心

披心

披懷

披肝瀝膽

衷心

由衷

真切

熱切

殷切

殷殷

諄諄

拳拳

悃誠

悃款

真心誠意

誠心誠意

真心實意

實心實意

開誠相見

開誠布公

肝膽相照

口陳肝膽

直舉胸情

推襟送抱

推心置腹

以情相歸

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

EARNEST

severitas refers to earnestness insaofar as it is seated in the mind.

gravitas refers to earnestness in sofar as it makes an impression on others.

strenuitas refers to earnestness insofar as it shows itself in action.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 328

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONSTANTIA

PERSEVERANTIA

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 59

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.325

EHRLICHKEIT

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.720

ERNST

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1273

誠,信,訊

1. Xu4n 訊 does not belong in this series.

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 140

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 271

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.386.341

SINCERITE.FRANCHISE.NAIVETE.INGENUITE

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 214

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 28
  • nab : 14
  • vtoN : 9
  • NPadV : 5
  • VPi : 5
  • vt+prep+N : 3
  • vadV : 3
  • vadN : 2
  • vadS : 2
  • vi.red : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • v[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 荀子 : 13
  • 賢愚經 : 10
  • 禮記 : 9
  • 論語 : 9
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 中說 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 35 Attributions

The current standard word for earnestness in attitude and earnest effort in practice is chéng 誠 (ant.* màn 慢 "negligent").

  • nabpsychearnestness of attitude
  • vadVearnestly and sincerely
  • viactbe earnest
  • vtoNcausativecause to be earnest
  • vifeaturebe earnest
   dǔ OC: tuuɡ MC: tuok 14 Attributions

Dǔ 篤 refers to trusty earnestness under the special aspect of dependability.

  • nabactearnestness of effort
  • vadNearnest; trustworthy
  • vadVearnestly
  • visincere and dependable, trusty, honest, sturdy
  • viactcomport oneself with earnestness and seriousness, be sturdy
  • vt+prep+Nbe earnest with respect to; make an earnest effort in relation to
  • vtoNpsychbe earnest in (the pursuit of one's aspirations etc)
惇 / 惇   zhūn OC: tjun MC: tɕʷin dūn OC: tuun MC: tuo̝n 3 Attributions
  • vigenerous and pure in attitude, earnest and pure
  • nearnest purity
  • v[adN]those who are diligent; the diligent
  • vadNearnest; faithful
  • vadVearnestly; sedulously
   dūn OC: tuun MC: tuo̝n 3 Attributions
  • viearnest, fervent
誠心   chéng xīn OC: djeŋ slɯm MC: dʑiɛŋ sim 3 Attributions
  • NPadVearnestly
  • VPiactshow earnestness
   dǎn OC: taanʔ MC: tɑn 2 Attributions
  • vadStruly
   liàng OC: ɡ-raŋs MC: li̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Liàng 諒 refers to sincerity of attitude as a moral virtue.

  • visincere
   yǔn OC: k-lunʔ MC: jʷin 1 Attribution
  • vadVarchaic and formal: sincerely
   qiē, qiè OC: snʰiid MC: tshet 1 Attribution
  • vi.redintensitivebe very earnest???
   zhèng OC: deŋs MC: ɖiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • viearnest
善心   shàn xīn OC: ɡjenʔ slɯm MC: dʑiɛn sim 1 Attribution
  • NPadVearnestly, in good earnestness
誠實 / 成實   chéng shí OC: djeŋ ɢljiɡ MC: dʑiɛŋ ʑit chéng shí OC: djeŋ ɢljiɡ MC: dʑiɛŋ ʑit 1 Attribution
  • VPibe earnest and dependable
敦厚   dūn hòu OC: tuun ɡooʔ MC: tuo̝n ɦu 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychearnest candour
款篤   kuǎn dǔ OC: khoonʔ tuuɡ MC: khʷɑn tuok 1 Attribution
  • VPiactshow great earnest devotion
款著   kuǎn zhǔ OC: khoonʔ k-laʔ MC: khʷɑn ti̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPidistinguish oneself through earnestness ???
純篤   chún dǔ OC: djun tuuɡ MC: dʑʷin tuok 1 Attribution
  • VPibe spiritually pure and earnest
至心   zhì xīn OC: kljiɡs slɯm MC: tɕi sim 1 Attribution
  • NPadVearnestly; with (Buddhist) devotion
至誠   zhì chéng OC: kljiɡs djeŋ MC: tɕi dʑiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe completely sincere and earnest
   shèn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe earnest with regard to N
   fū OC: pho MC: phi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vibe honest and earnest
信誠   xìn chéng OC: sins djeŋ MC: sin dʑiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiintensitivebe quite sincere
真切   zhēn qiè OC: tjin snʰiids MC: tɕin tshei 0 Attributions
  • VPibe entirely sincere/earnest
篤厚   dǔ hòu OC: tuuɡ ɡooʔ MC: tuok ɦu 0 Attributions
  • VPiactbe earnestly devoted in action
篤行   dǔ xíng OC: tuuɡ ɢraaŋ MC: tuok ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiactbe earnest in one's practice
   shí OC: ɢljiɡ MC: ʑit 0 Attributions
  • vadNearnest, sincerely; seriously concerned
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vadVearnestly
真真   zhen1 MC: -- -- OC: -- -- 0 Attributions
  • vadVearnestly

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: