STAR  星星

VISIBLE THING IN the NIGHT SKY LACKING CLOUDS.
CELESTIAL BODYHEAVENLY BODYSUNASTEROIDPLANET
Hypernym

THING -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for stars is the not very common chén 辰, but the word can also be used to refer to specific stars. (Note however, that in early times chén 辰 currently referred to specific stars such as the North Pole Star.)

2. The common use word for a star is xīng 星 and this term does not incluce sun and moon.

3. Xiù 宿 refers specifically to a constellation of stars.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ASTRONOMY 3.

星,可用來指四象、二十八宿及其他部分星座。

垣,主要用來指三垣及左右垣。

宿,主要用來指二十八宿,偶爾也指稱部分其他星座。宮,可用來指 “ 中 ” 、 “ 東 ” 、 “ 南 ” 、 “ 西 ” 、 “ 北 ” 五宮,也用來指 “ 紫微 ” 、 “ 太微 ” 、 “ 文昌 ” 三宮。

Modern Chinese Criteria

星辰

星斗

星星

星球

星體

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 1.54

  • De differentiis ( DIFFERENTIAE I) p. 86

    495. Inter Sidera, astra, stellas, et signa. Sidera illa dicuntur quibus navigantes considerant quod ad cursum dirigant consilium; 63 astra autem sunt stellae grandes, ut Orion; stellae autem, multijuges, ut Hyades, Pleiades; signum vero quo animantis imago formata est, ut Taurus, Scorpio et hujusmodi.

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    STAR

    stella refers to any one of the innumerable individual stars.

    astrum refers to any one of the greater bright heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, and principal stars which have their individual names.

    sidus refers to a constellation of stars, and only by extension to

    the leading star in such a constellation.

  • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 1966) p. 239

    Sterne:

  • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 2000) p. 805

    Sterne; Sternbild:

  • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 2

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 255

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 1.589

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 2.715

  • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.106

  • A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms ( T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004) p. NO.106

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP{N1&N2} : 23
  • n : 7
  • NPpr : 4
  • NP : 4
  • NP{N1adN2} : 1
  • vi0 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 6
  • 春秋左傳 : 5
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 管子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 周禮 : 1

Words

星辰   xīng chén OC: seeŋ ɡljɯn MC: seŋ dʑin 23 Attributions
  • NP{N1&N2}nonreferentialstars and constellations, heavenly bodies
   xīng OC: seeŋ MC: seŋ 6 Attributions

The common use word for a star is xīng 星 and this term does not incluce sun and moon.

  • nstar
  • vi0stars are visible, there is a clear night sky
日月   rì yuè OC: mljiɡ ŋod MC: ȵit ŋi̯ɐt 3 Attributions
  • NPpluralsun or moon
大火   dà huǒ OC: daads qphaalʔ MC: dɑi hʷɑ 2 Attributions
  • NPprGreat Fire Star
建星   jiàn xīng OC: kans seeŋ MC: ki̯ɐn seŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPprEstablishing Star
   suì OC: sqʷads MC: siɛi 1 Attribution
  • nYear star
   chén OC: ɡljɯn MC: dʑin 1 Attribution

The most general word for stars is the not very common chén 辰, but the word can also be used to refer to specific stars. (Note however, that in early times chén 辰 currently referred to specific stars such as the North Pole Star.)

  • nstar
北辰   běi chén OC: pɯɯɡ ɡljɯn MC: pək dʑin 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1adN2}North Pole Star
眾星   zhòng xīng OC: tjuŋs seeŋ MC: tɕuŋ seŋ 1 Attribution

all the many stars (in the sky)

  • NPdefinitethe stares
   shēn OC: srum MC: ʂim 0 Attributions
  • nOrion
   dìng OC: teeŋs MC: teŋ 0 Attributions
  • nname of a star (SHI)
宿   xiù OC: sus MC: sɨu 0 Attributions

Xiù 宿 refers specifically to a constellation of stars.

    填星   zhèn xīng OC: tins seeŋ MC: ʈin seŋ 0 Attributions
    • NPSaturn
    太白   tài bái OC: thaads braaɡ MC: thɑi bɣɛk 0 Attributions
    • NPVenus
    形天   xíng tiān OC: ɡeeŋ lʰiin MC: ɦeŋ then 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralCHRISTIAN CHINESE: physically-shaped heaven> heavenly bodies, stars and planets
    歲星   suì xīng OC: sqʷads seeŋ MC: siɛi seŋ 0 Attributions
    • NP{N1adN2}Jupiter
    流星   liú xīng OC: ru seeŋ MC: lɨu seŋ 0 Attributions
    • NPfalling star
    熒惑   yíng huò OC: ɡʷleeŋ ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: ɦeŋ ɦək 0 Attributions
    • NPMars
       jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 0 Attributions
    • nprnorth pole star

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: