DUMB  

LACK of ABILITY to HEAR.
MUTESPEECHLESSTONGUE-TIEDSILENTAT A LOSS FOR WORDSTACITURNUNCOMMUNICATIVEUNTALKATIVETIGHT-LIPPEDCLOSE-MOUTHEDINFORMAL MUM
Antonymy

SPEAK

See also

DEAF

Kind Of

ILLNESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general term for phenomena of dumbness of any kind, lasting or not, is yīn 喑/瘖

2. Yǎ 啞 (also written with the illness radical in SJ) is a later word for the same thing, current from Han times.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN BODY 6. 發聲異常。

瘖(喑、闇),多因疾病暫不能發聲。

啞,漢以後表因生理缺陷或疾病而不能說話或發音困難,至近代逐漸代替了 “ 喑 ” 。

喝、沙,均表示聲音嘶啞:嘶重在表示聲音的破散不清揚,喝重在語音的低微,沙重在聲音又細又破散。

Modern Chinese Criteria

喑啞

沙啞

失音

倒嗓

倒倉

嘶啞

嗓音失潤

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.96

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 757

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • v[adN] : 7
  • vi : 5

Attributions by text

  • 說苑 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

瘖 / 喑   yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim 7 Attributions

The general term for phenomena of dumbness of any kind, lasting or not, is yīn 喑/瘖 The general term for phenomena of dumbness of any kind, lasting or not, is yīn 喑/瘖

  • vibe dumb; MO: be physically unable to speak
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe dumb; those who are dumb
  • vichangebecome dumb
   yǎ OC: qraaʔ MC: ʔɣɛ 2 Attributions

Yǎ 啞(also written with the illness radical in SJ) is a later word for the same thing, current from Han times.

  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe dumb; those who are dumb
  • vidumb, mute
   yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim 2 Attributions

The general term for phenomena of dumbness of any kind, lasting or not, is yīn 喑/瘖

  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe dumb; those who are dumb
   shà OC: sqraas MC: ʂɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vichangebecome hoarse; loose one's voice
瘖啞   yīn yǎ OC: qrɯm qraaʔ MC: ʔim ʔɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe dumb

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: