COWARDLY  懦弱的

FEARFUL WHEN COURAGE is NEEDED.
FAINT-HEARTEDLILY-LIVEREDSPINELESSCHICKEN-HEARTEDCRAVENTIMIDTIMOROUSFEARFULPUSILLANIMOUSYELLOWCHICKENWEAK-KNEEDGUTLESSYELLOW-BELLIEDWIMPISHWIMPYCHICKEN-LIVERED
Antonymy

COURAGE

Kind Of

FEAR

Modern Chinese Criteria

怯懦

怯弱

荏弱

愚懦

膽小

膽虛

膽怯

卑怯

怯生生

唯唯

心虛

草雞

窩囊

沒種

縮頭烏龜

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.55

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 335

THEOPHRASTUS 1960 Theophrast, Charaktere no. 25

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.317.279

LACHE.POLTRON

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 48A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 9
  • v[adN] : 4
  • VPi : 2
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   qiè OC: khab MC: khi̯ɐp 9 Attributions
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe cowardly
  • vadNfearful; chicken-hearted; frightened
  • vilack courage where one ought to show courage, be pusillanimous, be prone to get frightened; generally: get frightened
  • vtoNbe fearful about and reluctant to, feel reticent to
   nuò OC: nools MC: nʷɑ 5 Attributions
  • vibe cowardly
  • vifigurative"cowardly and weak"
怯懦   qiè nuò OC: khab nools MC: khi̯ɐp nʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe cowardly
懾怯   shè qiè MC: tsyep khjaep OC: kljeb khab 1 Attribution
  • VPilack courage, be pusillanimous, be prone to get frightened
無勇   wú yǒng OC: ma k-loŋʔ MC: mi̯o ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe timid; be cowardly
  • NPabfeaturelack of proper courage; lack of a courageous attitude (rather than cowardice)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: