CONGRATULATE  祝賀

ADDRESS someone who is CELEBRATING SOMETHING so as to RITUALLY COMMUNICATE one's GOOD WISHES FOR him/her at THIS TIME.
SEND ONE'S BEST WISHES TOWISH SOMEONE GOOD LUCKWISH SOMEONE JOYDRINK TO SOMEONE'S HEALTHTOAST
Antonymy

CONSOLE

Kind Of

ADDRESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Hè 賀 (ant. diào 弔 "condolence) is a formal act of felicitation usually accompanied with the giving of presents.

2. Qìng 慶 refers to a celebration of something regarded as felicitous, and the range of the occasions of such felicitations is somewhat broader than with hè 賀, including such things as lucky escapes and the like.

Modern Chinese Criteria

祝賀 is the current modern word for congratulation.

恭喜 is the current performative expression for "Congratulations!".

慶賀 (writ) refers to congratulations on a major public occasion.

道賀 (lit) focusses on the expression of congratulations through speech.

道喜 (lit) focusses on the verbal expression of joy.

祝福

恭喜

慶祝

賀年

拜年

恭賀新禧

祝壽

上壽

暖壽

拜壽

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 96FF

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 360

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt(oN) : 12
  • vtoN : 11
  • nab : 5
  • vtoNPab{S} : 3
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 12
  • 春秋左傳 : 10
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1

Words

   hè OC: ɡaals MC: ɦɑ 26 Attributions

Hè 賀 (ant. diào 弔 "condolence) is a formal act of felicitation usually accompanied with the giving of presents.

  • vt(oN)congratulate a contextually determinate person
  • vtoNcongratulate (someone); offer ritual felicitations to
  • vtoNPab{S}congratulate (someone on something)
  • vttoN.+V[0]congratulate N upon V-ing
  • vt(oN)congratulate the contextually retrievable N
   qìng OC: khraŋs MC: khɣaŋ 6 Attributions

Qìng 慶 refers to a celebration of something regarded as felicitous, and the range of the occasions of such felicitations is somewhat broader than with hè 賀, including such things as lucky escapes and the like.

  • nabfelicitations; making congratulatory presents
  • vt(oN)be delighted on behalf of someone and offer one's congratulations
  • vtoNcongratulate

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: