CONSOLE  安慰

ADDRESS someone OR INTERACT with someone who is SUFFERING so as to COMMUNICATE one's SYMPATHY with him, and so as to HELP him.
CONDOLECOMFORTSOLACESYMPATHIZE WITHCOMMISERATE WITHSHOW COMPASSION FORCONDOLE WITHHELPSUPPORTCHEER (UP)HEARTENENCOURAGEREASSURESOOTHE
Antonymy

CONGRATULATE

Kind Of

ADDRESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for comforting someone is probably the rather rare wèi 慰.

2. Diào 弔 / 吊 (ant. hè 賀 "congratulate on a felicitous occasion") refers to condolence in the presence of the body of the deceased, and the word has a special meaning "mourn the death of" where it takes the deceased as the grammatical object.

3. Yàn 唁 refers to any condolence visit to the family of someone who has suffered a serious misfortune of any kind, including bereavement or loss of a state.

4. Suī 綏 refers to offering comfort to an individual or a group that is in some form of trouble, and the subject is typically a person in authority.

5. Fǔ 撫 focusses on soothing and caring action conducive to peace and security by a person in authority, and there is no implication of relief from intense suffering.

6. Wèn 問 refers more generally to paying a visit to someone on the occasion of a case of illness etc..

7. Lào 勞 refers to giving comfort to those who are exhausted after a worthy effort.

Modern Chinese Criteria

安慰, 勸慰, 寬慰

安慰 is the current word for consolation of any kind.

勸慰 focusses on the element of encouragement in consolation.

撫慰 (lit) focusses on the element of physical comforting in consolation.

安撫 (lit) focusses on the peace of mind aimed at in consolation.

存撫 (lit) focusses on the relief from suffering aimed at in consolation.

撫 (cl)

慰 (cl)

慰藉 (lit, arch) focusses on the moral support provided in consolation.

溫存 (lit, arch) focusses on the emotional warmth provided in consolation.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONSOLATIO

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 96

LIU SHUXIN 1987 現代漢語同義詞詞典 6

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 7

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 506

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 68
  • vt(oN) : 10
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 37
  • 毛詩 : 14
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 論語 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

弔 / 弔吊   diào OC: teewɡs MC: teu  OC:  MC:  22 Attributions

Diào 弔/吊 (ant. hè 賀"congratulate on a felicitous occasion") refers to condolence in the presence of the body of the deceased, and the word has a special meaning "mourn the death of" where it takes the deceased as the grammatical object. Diào 弔/吊 (ant. hè 賀"congratulate on a felicitous occasion") refers to condolence in the presence of the body of the deceased, and the word has a special meaning "mourn the death of" where it takes the deceased as the grammatical object.

  • vt(oN)offer one's condolences
  • vtoNoffer condolences to
  • vt+prep+Noffer one's condolences to
   suí OC: snul MC: si 19 Attributions

Suī 綏 refers to offering comfort to an individual or a group that is in some form of trouble, and the subject is typically a person in authority.

  • vtoNto comfort; calm down
   fǔ OC: mʰaʔ MC: phi̯o 17 Attributions

Fǔ 撫 focusses on soothing and caring action conducive to peace and security by a person in authority, and there is no implication of relief from intense suffering.

  • vtoNpacify, console
   yàn OC: ŋrans MC: ŋiɛn 7 Attributions

Yàn 唁 refers to any condolence visit to the family of someone who has suffered a serious misfortune of any kind, including bereavement or loss of a state.

  • vtoNoffer formal consolation on the occasion of a serious disaster of some kind
   wèi OC: quds MC: ʔɨi 7 Attributions

The most general word for comforting someone is probably the rather rare wèi 慰.

  • vtoNoffer consolation; comfort; soothe, be soothing
  • vtoNpsychcomfort (oneself), give comfort to (oneself)
   lào OC: raaws MC: lɑu 3 Attributions

Lào 勞 refers to giving comfort to those who are exhausted after a worthy effort. xxx

  • vtoNconsole and reward, recompense for toils(láo 勞)
  • vt(oN)make a polite visit to thank the contextually determinate N
   yú OC: ŋʷa MC: ŋi̯o 2 Attributions
  • vtoNfind solace for
  • vtoNpassivebe caused to be happy> be consoled
安慰   ān wèi OC: qaan quds MC: ʔɑn ʔɨi 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)ommake secure and comfort > comfort, console, make (a contextuall determinate person) feel comfortable ( > supply somebody with necessities)
  • VPtoNmake secure and comfort > comfort, make somebody feel comfortable
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 1 Attribution

Wèn 問 refers more generally to paying a visit to someone on the occasion of a case of illness etc..

  • vtoNpay visit of condolence See VISIT
  • vtoNaddress with words of consolation
   xún OC: sɢlun MC: zʷin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcomfort
   fǔ OC: phoʔ MC: phi̯o 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto comfort (of humans); to pat (of things)
弔問   diào wèn OC: teewɡs mɯns MC: teu mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • NPabactcondolence
撫循   fǔ xún OC: mʰaʔ sɢlun MC: phi̯o zʷin 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcomfort and console
撫柔   fǔ róu OC: mʰaʔ mlju MC: phi̯o ȵɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeconsole so as to mollify
慰諭   wèi yù OC: quds los MC: ʔɨi ji̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNconsole, give solace to
   ān OC: qaan MC: ʔɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcomfort; console; pacify
   āi OC: qɯɯl MC: ʔəi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcondole with

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: