PUBLICISE  宣告

REPORT to ALL.
PUBLISHMAKE KNOWNMAKE PUBLICPUBLICIZEANNOUNCEREPORTPOSTCOMMUNICATEBROADCASTISSUEPUT OUTDISTRIBUTESPREADPROMULGATEDISSEMINATECIRCULATEAIRDISCLOSEREVEALDIVULGELEAK
Taxonoymy

PARDONACQUIT

Antonymy

CONCEAL

Kind Of

REPORT

Old Chinese Criteria

[ASCENDING/HORIZONTAL/DESCENDING]

[ELEVATED/VULGAR]

[FORMAL/INFORMAL]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. Xuān 宣 (ant.* mì 秘 "keep secret") is an announcement to a general public; and the word often refers specifically to royal or imperial promulgation.

[DESCENDING], [GENERAL]

2. Xùn 徇 is a proclamation which may be directed at certain sections of society or to a certain public audience.

[DESCENDING]

3. Shì 誓 "proclaim" refers to a proclamation which may be directed at certain sections of society only or to a currently present public. especially a military public.

[DESCENDING], [ELEVATED], [FORMAL]

4. Fù 訃 is primarily a ritual act (typically of announcing a death) directed at a specified relevant group. See MOURN

[HORIZONTAL], [RITUAL], [SPECIALISED]

5. Zhào 詔 is an authoritative general public instruction normally from a king or ruler.

[DESCENDING], [ELEVATED], [FORMAL], [SPECIALISED]

6. Gào 誥 / 告 "proclamation" is an oral and ritual political act by the ruler directed at the general public. (But at later stages of the language gào 告 is to superiors and gào 誥 is to inferiors.)

[ELEVATED], [FORMAL]

7. Bù 布 refers to the publication and announcement of something, typically of laws and regulations, primarily to officials.

[DESCENDING], [INFORMAL], [SPECIALISED]

Modern Chinese Criteria

發表 is a current modern word for making known of publishing.

出版 refers specifically to the publication of a printed work.

宣布 focusses on proliferation.

發布 focusses on the emission and proliferation.

公布 focusses on the public nature of the dissemination.

頒布 bānbù refers to formal publication by way of promulgation.

宣告 focusses on the transmission of information.

通告 focusses on the pervasive transmission of information.

昭示 (lit, obs) focusses on public clarification, typically of imperial origin.

宣明 (lit) focusses on formal public declaration.

宣揚

宣傳

鼓吹

頒發 refers to publication by way of promulgation.

揭曉 focusses on the aspect of divulgiing information through publication, typically with the aim of letting others know results etc..

揭示 focusses on disclosure through publication

披露 focusses on disclosure of what was secret.

刊布 focusses on publication through the printed medium.

頒 (cl)

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH/

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 18.43

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 12

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 35
  • nab : 15
  • vt+prep+N : 11
  • vt(oN) : 10
  • vi : 6
  • vt+V[0] : 5
  • VPtoN : 4
  • vttoN1. prep N2 : 2
  • vtt+prep+N.oS : 2
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vttoN.+S : 2
  • VPttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2 : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • vt+prep+N.+V : 1
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • VPtt(oN.)+S : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 39
  • 尚書 : 19
  • 禮記 : 12
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 6
  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 全上古三代秦漢三國六朝文(全晉文) : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   fù OC: phoɡs MC: phi̯o 22 Attributions
  • vadNconveying the announcement of death
  • vt(oN)make an announcement of a determinate case of death
  • vt+prep+Nreport a case of death to (a person or a place)
  • vtoNpassivebe announced (of a case of death)
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2announce (a misfortune, not necessarily death) to (an audience)
   xuān OC: sqon MC: siɛn 16 Attributions

Xuān 宣 (ant.* mì 秘 "keep secret") is an announcement to a general public; and the word often refers specifically to royal or imperial promulgation. [DESCENDING], [GENERAL]

  • vtoNmake public; pronounce publicly; announce publicly; proclaim
  • vt+prep+Nmiddle voice: be publicised to the place N, be publicised among the N
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2publicise N1 to N2
  • vttoN1. prep N2publicise N1 in (the text) N2
  • vtoNpropagate
   shì OC: ɡljeds MC: dʑiɛi 16 Attributions

Shì 誓 "proclaim" refers to a proclamation which may be directed at certain sections of society only or to a currently present public. especially a military public. [DESCENDING], [ELEVATED], [FORMAL]

  • nabactmilitary proclamation in front of soldiers or crowds; formal solemn harangue by ruler (not general) in front of his army
  • viactmake a solemn announcement
  • vtoNN=altarmake a solemn announcement in front of (altar)
  • vtoNN=humanharangue, make a solemn announcement in front of (a crowd)
  • vttoN1.+N2solemnly announce (something N2) to (somebody N1)
  • vt+prep+N.+Vregale N
   gào OC: kuuɡs MC: kɑu 12 Attributions

Gào 誥/告 "proclamation" is an oral and ritual political act by the ruler directed at the general public. (But at later stages of the language gào 告 is to superiors and gào 誥 is to inferiors.) [ELEVATED], [FORMAL]

  • nabactinstruction and admonisment; the practice of public admonishment
  • nabtextarchaic, SHU: imperial announcement
  • vadVproclaim (and say) 誥曰
  • viactmake announcements, harangue one's audience
  • vtoNN=humanharangue, speak to
  • vtoNN=nonhuspeak publicly on
  • vttoN.+Squotationannounce to (someone) that (S)
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotannounce that (someone) should V
   bù OC: paas MC: puo̝ 7 Attributions

Bù 布 refers to the publication and announcement of something, typically of laws and regulations, primarily to officials. [DESCENDING], [INFORMAL], [SPECIALISED]

  • vtoNannounce generally to the officials; announce; make known, make public; comment on publicly
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget publicised in
  • vttoN1.+N2publicise N1 in N2
   xùn OC: sɢʷlins MC: zʷin 7 Attributions

Xùn 徇 is a proclamation which may be directed at certain sections of society or to a certain public audience. [DESCENDING]

  • vt+V[0]announce 徇曰
  • vtt+prep+N.oSquotationproclaim to 徇於師: S
訃 / 赴   fù OC: phoɡs MC: phi̯o fù OC: phoɡs MC: phi̯o 5 Attributions

Fù 訃 is primarily a ritual act (typically of announcing a death) directed at a specified relevant group. See MOURN [HORIZONTAL], [RITUAL], [SPECIALISED] Fù 訃 is primarily a ritual act (typically of announcing a death) directed at a specified relevant group. See MOURN [HORIZONTAL], [RITUAL], [SPECIALISED]

  • viactmake a formal announcement (often, but not always) of a case of death
  • vtoNritually announce the death of someone
   qiǎn MC: khjienX OC: khenʔ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNsend out into the public sphere
   guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNmake widely known; spread widely news of
  • vtoNmiddlevoicebe made widely known, be widely promoted
   fā OC: pod MC: pi̯ɐt 2 Attributions
  • vtoNmake public
宣揚   xuān yáng OC: sqon k-laŋ MC: siɛn ji̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNproclaim and praise > publicise, spread, make popular, promote
流布   liú bù OC: ru paas MC: lɨu puo̝ 2 Attributions
  • VPichangebecome popular, spread, disseminate
  • VPtoNmake popular, disseminate, spread
  • VPtoNimperativepublicise!
誓告   shì gào OC: ɡljeds kuuɡs MC: dʑiɛi kɑu 2 Attributions
  • VPttoN1.+N2announce solemnly
   bào OC: puuɡs MC: pɑu 1 Attribution
  • vttoN.+Sannounce to N that S
   kòng OC: khooŋs MC: khuŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt+prep+Ngo and announce to???
   zhào OC: kljews MC: tɕiɛu 1 Attribution

Zhào 詔 is an authoritative general public instruction normally from a king or ruler. [DESCENDING], [ELEVATED], [FORMAL], [SPECIALISED] [DESCENDING], [ELEVATED], [FORMAL], [SPECIALISED]

  • vtoNsolemnly announce (to inferiors, as an emperor)
報誥   bào gào OC: puuɡs kuuɡs MC: pɑu kɑu 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN.)+Smake the announcement "S" to N
誥告   gào gào OC: kuuɡs kuuɡs MC: kɑu kɑu 1 Attribution

Gào 誥/告 "proclamation" is an oral and ritual political act by the ruler. (But at later stages of the language gào 告 is to superiors and gào 誥 is to inferiors.)

  • vtoNadmonish publicly and solemnly
頒示   bān shì OC: praan ɢljils MC: pɣan ʑi 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2publicise the contextually determinate N1 in the place N2
   qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 0 Attributions

Qǐ 啟 "formally announce to a superior" is a ritual oral communication from an inferior. [???: where?CHECK] [ASCENDING], [FORMAL]

    辭言   cí yán OC: zɯ ŋan MC: zɨ ŋi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
    • NP{N1=N2}pluralpublic pronouncements (LSCQ)
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • vtoNsend out into the public sphere

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: