COLOUR  顏色

APPEARANCE of SURFACES which REFLECT OR ISSUE LIGHT, PERCEIVED USING the EYES.
HUE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard word for colour of any kind is sè 色.

2. Cǎi 采 normally refers to colours coexisting with others on one object.

3. Yán 顏 "face" is perhaps occasionally used to refer to colour but no early examples are very telling.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ART 11.

采,特指尚未施用之五色顏料,泛指五色。

色,施用顏料後所呈現出的五色。

繡,兼指繪畫和刺繡的設色五彩俱備。

絢,五色交織。

Modern Chinese Criteria

顏色

彩色

色彩

色澤

色調

PAINT:

顏料

顏色

水彩

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BAXTER 1983 A look at the history of Chinese colour terminology Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association

BERLIN KAY 1969 Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution

See also the 2006 new detailed report on 90 languages by a team including the same authors.

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.61

HERNANDEZ 2000 Semantica del Griego Antiguo 42n172

MAXWELL-STUART 1981 Studies in Greek Colour Terminology Mnemonyne, Bibliotheca Classica Batava. Supplementum

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 931

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1916

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.908

UNGER 2009 Kleine Schriften Deutsche Ostasienstudien 1-8

ZHANG YONGYAN 1992 語言學論集 100-135

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 365

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 1.115

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 78

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

COLOURS

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

BROWN 2005 Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Second Edition

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 3.305

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.289:192

COULEUR.COLORIS

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.215.175

COULEUR.COLORIS

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 11
  • ncc : 7
  • nab : 6
  • NP{N1=N2} : 3
  • NP : 2
  • vtoN : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • n[adN] : 1
  • vi : 1
  • npost-N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 論語 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 天中記 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   sè OC: sqrɯɡ MC: ʂɨk 20 Attributions

The standard word for colour of any kind is sè 色.

  • n[adN]subjectcoloured object of any kind
  • nab.post-V{NUM}stativecolour
  • npost-Ncolour of N
  • vibe or become coloured
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to have colour
  • vtoNfigurativegive its proper appearance and colour
  • nabfeaturecolour
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 9 Attributions

Cǎi 采 normally refers to colours coexisting with others on one object.

  • ncccolour 五采
  • vadNcolourful, flashy; varicoloured; painted
采色   cǎi sè OC: tshɯɯʔ sqrɯɡ MC: tshəi ʂɨk 3 Attributions
  • NP{N1=N2}pluralall sorts of (fancy) colours
   yán OC: ŋraan MC: ŋɣan 2 Attributions

Yán 顏 "face" is perhaps occasionally used to refer to colour but no early examples are very telling.

  • nabstativecolour
五色   wǔ sè sè shǎi  MC: nguX srik  OC: ŋaaʔ sqrɯɡ  2 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialall sorts of colour, colours in general
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 0 Attributions
  • nabcolour, decoration
   wù OC: mɯd MC: mi̯ut 0 Attributions

Wù 物 refers specifically to the colour of the fur of animals, but by extension also to such things as the colour of the clouds.

  • nabfeaturecolour as a significant feature of something ZHOULI 以五雲之物辨吉凶 distinguish between auspicious and

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: