ARROW  

MISSILE TYPICALLY USED to SHOOT USING A BOW.

ARROWHEAD

Kind Of

MISSILE

Old Chinese Criteria

[[CURRENT/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[LARGE-SCALE/SMALL-SCALE]

1. The current ancient general word for any kind of arrow is shǐ 矢, and specifically the word refers in from Han times onwards to wooden-shaft rather than bamboo shaft arrows.

[GENERAL]; [[CURRENT]]

2. Jiàn 箭 came to mean bamboo shaft arrow from Qin times onwards, and the word originally refers specifically to the bamboo shaft of an arrow, from Warring States onwards. Even in Tang times, the word often retains its primary reference to the shaft rather than the arrow as a whole. From Eastern Han and especially Three Kingdom times onwards, the word comes to be used as a colloquial equivalent of shǐ 矢. Note that since all arrows appear to have been made of bamboo, the word jiàn 箭 does not mark out bamboo arrows from others. [Warring States and Han arrows ill.: LIU 1999: 72]

[SPECIALISED]

3. Yì 弋 refers to an arrow with string attached.

[SPECIALISED]

4. Zhuó 繳 refers primarily to the strings attached to yì 弋 "stringed arrows", but can occasionally refer to the arrow with the string.

[SPECIALISED]

5. Zēng 矰 refers to a particularly short stringed arrow.

[SMALL-SCALE]

6. Hóu 鍭 refers to a metal arrow shot from a crossbow, and used particularly in defensive warfare and ritualised official hunts. [ill: CHU 2000: 139 ?].

[SPECIALLISED]

7. Gǎn 笴 refers to the shaft of an arrow.

[SPECIALISED]; [[RARE]]

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006 WARFARE 13.

魏晉前, “ 矢 ” 是 “ 箭 ” 的總稱。

“ 箭 ” 大都作箭桿之稱。魏晉起, “

矢 ” 仍作箭的總稱;

“ 箭 ” 是口語中箭的總稱。

二詞對文之別: “ 矢 ” 作泛指、襲稱; “ 箭 ” 偏指箭桿,語稱。

Modern Chinese Criteria

響箭

鳴鏑

暗箭

暗器

袖箭

流矢

流箭

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 20.25

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 230

Pfeil:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 786

Pfeil:

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 450

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 8

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

SCHNURPFEIL

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 236

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.120

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 34
  • nadN : 2
  • n : 1
  • ncc : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 13
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   shǐ OC: lʰiʔ MC: ɕi 22 Attributions

The current ancient general word for any kind of arrow is shǐ 矢, and specifically the word refers in from Han times onwards to wooden-shaft rather than bamboo shaft arrows. [GENERAL]; [[CURRENT]]

  • nSHU: arrow; arrow with wooden shaft and feathers
  • npluraldefinite: the arrows
   jiàn OC: tsens MC: tsiɛn 4 Attributions

Jiàn 箭 came to mean bamboo shaft arrow from Qin times onwards, and the word originally refers specifically to the bamboo shaft of an arrow, from Warring States onwards. Even in Tang times, the word often retains its primary reference to the shaft rather than the arrow as a whole. From Eastern Han and especially Three Kingdom times onwards, the word comes to be used as a colloquial equivalent of shǐ 矢. Note that since all arrows appear to have been made of bamboo, the word jiàn 箭 does not mark out bamboo arrows from others. [Warring States and Han arrows ill.: LIU 1999: 72] [SPECIALISED]

  • ncolloquial word: bamboo shaft of an arrow; arrow with bamboo shaft; arrow as a weapon of war; arrow as a token in bó 博 "backgammon"
  • nadVanalogy(fly etc)like an arrow SANGUOZHI: 箭飛
   zhuó OC: kljewɡ MC: tɕi̯ɐk 4 Attributions

Zhuó 繳 refers primarily to the strings attached to yì 弋 "stringed arrows", but can occasionally refer to the arrow with the string. [SPECIALISED]

  • nstring attached to an arrow; occasionally also used for arrow with string attached
  • nadNarrow-like ???
   zēng OC: tsɯɯŋ MC: tsəŋ 2 Attributions

Zēng 矰 refers to a particularly short stringed arrow. [SMALL-SCALE]

  • nadNarrow-like
  • nccarrow with string attached
   zōu OC: skru MC: ʈʂɨu 2 Attributions
  • nbest quality arrow
   hóu OC: ɡoo MC: ɦu 2 Attributions

Hóu 鍭 refers to a metal arrow shot from a crossbow, and used particularly in defensive warfare and ritualised official hunts. [ill: CHU 2000: 139 ?]. [SPECIALLISED]

  • nSHI, ZHOULI: arrow with metal top and feathers used in hunting as well as defensive warfare
   yì OC: lɯɡ MC: jɨk 1 Attribution

Yì 弋 refers to an arrow with string attached. [SPECIALISED]

  • narrow with string attached (used from Western Zhou to Tang times)
   yuān OC: qon MC: ʔi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • npiece of cloth to wrap stringed arrows in
   hán OC: ɡuum MC: ɦəm 0 Attributions
  • nGY: box for arrows
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

Bǐ 匕 is occasionally used to refer to an arrowhead. See ARROWHEAD

  • nZUO Zhao 26: head of arrow
   gǎn OC: klaanʔ MC: kɑn 0 Attributions

Gǎn 笴 refers to the shaft of an arrow. [SPECIALISED]; [[RARE]]

  • nshaft of an arrow
   yì OC: lɯɡ MC: jɨk 0 Attributions
  • nvar. for 弋

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: