BOW  

WEAPON one USES to SHOOT ARROWS with.
LONGBOWCROSSBOW
See also

QUIVER

Kind Of

WEAPON

Old Chinese Criteria

[CONGERIES]

1. The current general word for the bow is gōng 弓, and it must be remembered that in early times the bow was used not only to shoot arrows but also mud pellets and the like.

2. Nǔ 弩 refers specifically to the crossbow which became current in Warring States times.

3. Hú 弧 refers specifically to an ancient "primitive" bow.

4. Dǐ 弤 refers to a beautifully crafted lacquered bow, and it is the rare name of the legendary emperor Shùn's 舜 mythical bow.

NB: The following are late words relevant to this group:

5. Chāo 弨 refers to an unstrung bow.

6.Shāo 弰 refers to the end of a bow.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

WARFARE 12. 彈射兵器。

弓,射箭或打彈的器具。

弩,用機栝發箭的弓。

弧,弓的方言別稱。

弤,雕弓,經過髹漆的弓。

Modern Chinese Criteria

弓形物

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 20.24

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 200

Armbrust; Armbrustschuetze

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 719

Armbrust and Armbrustschuetze:

There are plenty of Han relief representations of the crossbow.

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 727

Bogen:

Common in Han reliefs.

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 162

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 242

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 271

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

arcus, -us 'bow; arch' [m. (f. Ix in Enn.) u] (P1.+; gen.sg. arqui Cic., Lucr., nom.pl.

arquT Varro)

Derivatives: arquites 'archers' (Paul, ex F.), arcitenens/arquitenens 'that carries a

bow' (Naev.+), arcuatus, arquatus 'bow-shaped' (Var.+).

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 578

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 30
  • VPi : 3
  • VPi : 3
  • npr : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 韓非子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 公孫龍子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   gōng OC: kʷɯŋ MC: kuŋ 20 Attributions

The current general word for the bow is gōng 弓, and it must be remembered that in early times the bow was used not only to shoot arrows but also mud pellets and the like.

  • nbow
   nǔ OC: naaʔ MC: nuo̝ 5 Attributions

Nǔ 弩 refers specifically to the crossbow which became current in Warring States times.

  • ncross-bow with release mechanism
   hú OC: ɡʷaa MC: ɦuo̝ 4 Attributions

Hú 弧 refers specifically to an ancient "primitive" bow.

  • nwooden bow; general name for a bow
  • nprthe star constellations Bow
鞠躬   jū gōng OC: kuɡ kʷɯŋ MC: kuk kuŋ 3 Attributions
  • VPiintensitivebow politely, be all bows
   dǐ OC: tiilʔ MC: tei 1 Attribution

Dǐ 弤 is the exceedingly rare name of emperor Shùn's 舜 mythical bow.

  • nproper namebow of the emperor Shùn
   mǐ OC: meʔ MC: miɛ 1 Attribution
  • na kind of bow (SHI)
拱手   gǒng shǒu MC: kjowngX syuwX OC: koŋʔ hmljuʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPibow slightly with arms straight down
   xiáng  MC: zjang  OC: sɢlaŋ  1 Attribution
  • viflap one's arms like bird's wings when bowing
   zhé MC: tsyet OC: kljed 1 Attribution
  • vibow
   chāo OC: khljew MC: tɕhiɛu 0 Attributions

Chāo 弨 refers to an unstrung bow.

  • nrelaxed bow, unstrung bow
   shāo OC: smreew MC: ʂɣɛu 0 Attributions

Shāo 弰 refers to the end of a bow.

  • nend of a bow
   shǐ OC: lʰiʔ MC: ɕi 0 Attributions
  • nbolt of the crossbow
   yǐ OC: ŋɡralʔ MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions
  • nframe for hanging crossbows
   ǎn OC: ŋɡɯɯmʔ MC: ŋəm 0 Attributions
  • viactnod the head (SHUOWEN)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: