WASH  

CLEANSE USING WATER.
CLEAN ONESELFBATHETAKE A BATHSHOWERSOAKFRESHEN UPFORMAL PERFORM ONE'S ABLUTIONS
Taxonoymy

BATHE

See also

BAPTISE

Kind Of

CLEANSE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Zhuó 濯 is a flexible word for washing anything, from parts of the body to other objects, and the word even has figurative abstract uses where it comes close to meaning "purify", as in purifying one's heart.

2. Xǐ 洗 refers primarily to the washing of feet but does have a wide generalised use.

3. Dí 滌 refers primarily to the washing of dishes, but also has considerable extended and generalised uses.

4. Huǎn 澣 refers to the washing of dirty clothes we are told.

5. Huàn 浣 refers to the washing off of manifest dirt.

6. Shù 漱 refers to the washing of clothes that are not especially dirty.

7. There is a particular proliferation for ritual cleansing in classical Chinese like wò 沃 "cleanse hands ritually, see also gài 摡 / 溉, mí 渳, sōu 溲 ).

8. Xuě 雪 is only used in transferred figurative senses (xuě 雪 "wash away (guilt etc)").

Modern Chinese Criteria

湔洗

清洗

洗滌

洗濯

滌蕩

滌除

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 9.36

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 277

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 635

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.360

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 411

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 41
  • vt(oN) : 11
  • vt[oN] : 6
  • VPt(oN) : 4
  • nab : 3
  • vadN : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 24
  • 莊子 : 8
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 毛詩 : 7
  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 管子 : 1

Words

   xǐ OC: sɯɯlʔ MC: sei 18 Attributions

Xǐ 洗 refers primarily to the washing of feet but does have a wide generalised use.

  • nabactwashing
  • vt(oN)wash something contextually determinate; often specifically: wash the ceremonial cup
  • vtoNwash away the dust; wash horses; wash (a cup)
  • vtoNfigurativecleanse, purify
   zhuó OC: rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 15 Attributions

Zhuó 濯 is a flexible word for washing anything, from parts of the body to other objects, and the word even has figurative abstract uses where it comes close to meaning "purify", as in purifying one's heart.

  • nabactthe washing
  • vadNwashed
  • vt(oN)wash the determinate thing.
  • vt[oN]wash things, conduct washing
  • vtoNwash
  • vtoNfigurativewash
   zǎo OC: tsaawʔ MC: tsɑu 5 Attributions
  • vadNwashed and bleached; used for washing
  • vtoNwash; clean
  • vtoNfigurativepurify
洗 / 灑   xǐ OC: sqɯɯlʔ MC: sei xǐ OC: sbrelʔ MC: ʂiɛ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcleanse by sprinkling; sprinkle (灑 CANNOT BE USED FOR WASHING, ONLY SPRINKLING)
  • vtoNpassivebe washed and clean, pure (灑 CANNOT BE USED FOR WASHING, ONLY SPRINKLING)
  • vt[oN]wash things
  • nsubjectsomeone who sprinkles and washes
   huàn OC: ɡonʔ MC: ɦʷɑn 4 Attributions

Huǎn 澣 refers to the washing of dirty clothes we are told.

  • vadNwashed; clean
  • vtoNwash (clothes)
洗淨   xǐ jìng OC: sɯɯlʔ skhreeŋ MC: sei dziɛŋ 4 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)wash so as to make clean> wash clean
   yù OC: k-loɡ MC: ji̯ok 3 Attributions
  • vt(oN)to wash
  • vtoNwash in
  • vtoNfigurativecleanse, purify
洴澼   píng pì OC: beeŋ pheeɡ MC: beŋ phek 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNwash (silk)
   mù OC: mooɡ MC: muk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNwash (head)
  • vt[oN]wash one's head
   huàn OC: ɡoonʔ MC: ɦʷɑn 2 Attributions

Huàn 浣 refers to the washing off of manifest dirt.

  • vt(oN)wash the determinate thing
  • vtoN(originally Qí 齊dialect:) wash clothes by rinsing them GONGYANG
  • vtoNobject=dirtwash away
   gài OC: kɯɯds MC: kəi 2 Attributions

There is a particular proliferation for ritual cleansing in classical Chinese like wò 沃 "cleanse hands ritually, see also gài 摡/溉, mí 渳, sōu 溲).

  • vt[oN]wash things
  • vtoNwash (dishes, pots and pans)
   sǒu OC: sruʔ MC: ʂɨu 2 Attributions

There is a particular proliferation for ritual cleansing in classical Chinese like wò 沃 "cleanse hands ritually, see also gài 摡/溉, mí 渳, sōu 溲).

  • vtoNsoak, wash LIJI
   wù OC: qʷlaas MC: ʔuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNwash, cleanse
   wò OC: qowɡ MC: ʔuok 1 Attribution

There is a particular proliferation for ritual cleansing in classical Chinese like wò 沃 "cleanse hands ritually, see also gài 摡/溉, mí 渳, sōu 溲).

  • vt[oN]wash one's hands
  • vtoNrinse and wash (hands) (ZHOULI)
   xǐ OC: sqɯɯlʔ MC: sei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativewash
   dí OC: ɡ-lɯɯwɡ MC: dek 1 Attribution

Dí 滌 refers primarily to the washing of dishes, but also has considerable extended and generalised uses.

  • vifigurativebe "washed" in
  • vtoNclean by rinsing (dishes etc)
   shù OC: srus MC: ʂɨu 1 Attribution

Shù 漱 refers to the washing of clothes that are not especially dirty.

  • vtoNrinse (clothes, with one's hands)
   guàn OC: koons MC: kʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNwash; wash away (presumably using a washing basin in the process)
   xiǔ OC: suʔ MC: sɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNwash [soak][CA]
沃盥   wò guàn OC: qowɡ koons MC: ʔuok kʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPiwash oneself (hands and face)
   gài OC: kɯɯds MC: kəi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNK: scour, wash, scrub (ZHOULI) [brush away; clean away][CA]
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNwash
   píng OC: beeŋ MC: beŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNwash silk by beating it in water
   xī OC: seeɡ MC: sek 0 Attributions
  • vtoNwash rice
   táo OC: b-lu MC: dɑu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNP: wash in pan or basket
   jiān OC: tsen MC: tsiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNwash away dirty spots in something ZGC
   mǐ OC: meʔ MC: miɛ 0 Attributions

There is a particular proliferation for ritual cleansing in classical Chinese like wò 沃 "cleanse hands ritually, see also gài 摡/溉, mí 渳, sōu 溲).

  • vtoNwash dead body (ZHOULI)
   xiǔ OC: sqlɯwʔ MC: sɨu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNwash rice
   yuè OC: lewɡ MC: ji̯ɐk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto clean; wash; purify
   dàng OC: ɡ-laaŋʔ MC: dɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNP: wash
   zǎo OC: tsaawʔ MC: tsɑu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNP: wash
   xuě OC: sqled MC: siɛt 0 Attributions

Xuě 雪 is only used in transferred figurative senses (xuě 雪"wash away (guilt etc)").

       huì OC: qhʷɯɯs MC: huo̝i 0 Attributions
    • viactwash the face
       shuǐ OC: qhjulʔ MC: ɕi 0 Attributions
    • vtoNOBI: wash by the use of water (a hall etc)

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: