BATHE  洗澡浴/濯

WASH one's BODY OR PARTS of one's BODY.
CLEANCLEANSEWASHRINSEWETSOAKIMMERSE
See also

BATHROOM

Kind Of

WASH

Old Chinese Criteria

[COMMON/RARE]

[FORMAL/INFORMAL]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[GENERAL-USE/TECHNICAL-TERM]

1. The standard general word is yù 浴 and refers typically to taking a bath or washing of the whole body. The still more general word, which may even apply to washing things other than the body, is zhuó 濯.

[GENERAL], [GENERAL-USE]; [[COMMON]]

2. Tāng 湯 emphasises the use of warm water, and standardly co-occurs with mù 沐 "wash one's body including one's hair", probably because the use of hot water was largely restricted to the washing of hair. Perhaps one should often interpret tāng 湯 adverbially as "with hot water" in this idiomatic connection.

[GENERAL-USE], [SPECIFIC]

3. Guàn 盥 is to wash one's hands, often in a ritual context.

[FORMAL], [TECHNICAL-TERM]

4. Zǎo 澡 "washing one's hands" is a specialised term which is sometimes used in wider senses.

[GENERAL-USE]

5. Xǐ 洗 "wash one's feet" but the word is is sometimes used in a more generalised way, being especially common in the context of ritualised formal bathing, as well as in the context of ritual washing of cups. See WASH

[FORMAL]; [[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

洗澡

沐浴

沖涼

浴身

擦澡

洗三 refers specifically to the bath given to a new-born child three days after birth.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

LH 且沐者, 去首垢也. 洗去足垢. 冠去手垢. 浴去身垢.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 219b

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

BAD

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 584

BAECHTHOLD-STAEUBLI 1987 Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens 1.800

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.316

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 409

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 109

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 49
  • VPi : 8
  • vtoN : 6
  • vtoN{PLACE} : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • VPttoN1(.+prep+N2) : 1
  • n : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 26
  • 春秋左傳 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   shù OC: srus MC: ʂɨu 15 Attributions
  • viactrinse the mouth; wash one's mouth
  • vtoNrinse the mouth with
  • vtoN{PLACE}rince one's mouth at N
   yù OC: k-loɡ MC: ji̯ok 14 Attributions

The standard general word is yù 浴 and refers typically to taking a bath or washing of the whole body. The still more general word, which may even apply to washing things other than the body, is zhuó 濯. [GENERAL], [GENERAL-USE]; [[COMMON]]

  • nbath
  • vadNfor bathing or washing in
  • viactwash the whole body; bathe, take a bath
  • vtoNwash in (e.g. dog's shit); also occasionally in metaphorical or transferred senses LIJI 澡身而浴德
  • vt+prep+Nbathe in
   guàn OC: koons MC: kʷɑn 12 Attributions

Guàn 盥 is to wash one's hands, often in a ritual context. [FORMAL], [TECHNICAL-TERM]

  • viactwash one's hands
  • vtoNwash one's hands
   mù OC: mooɡ MC: muk 10 Attributions
  • viactwash one's body including one's hair in the context of taking a luxurious bath, sometimes with tāng 湯 "hot water"
沐浴   mù yù OC: mooɡ k-loɡ MC: muk ji̯ok 7 Attributions
  • VPibathe
  • VPttoN1(.+prep+N2)bathe N1 in the contextually determinate N2
   huàn OC: ɡonʔ MC: ɦʷɑn 3 Attributions
  • viactwash one's head (?)
   xǐ OC: sɯɯlʔ MC: sei 2 Attributions

Xǐ 洗 "wash one's feet" but the word is is sometimes used in a more generalised way, being especially common in the context of ritualised formal bathing, as well as in the context of ritual washing of cups. See WASH [FORMAL]; [[RARE]]

  • viactwash; bathe; wash one's hands; wash one's feet
湯沐   tāng mù OC: kh-laaŋ mooɡ MC: thɑŋ muk 2 Attributions
  • VPadNbathe and wash > for bathing and washing, for resting 湯沐之邑
  • VPiacttake a hot-water luxury bath, including the washing of hair
   zǎo OC: tsaawʔ MC: tsɑu 1 Attribution

Zǎo 澡 "washing one's hands" is a specialised term which is sometimes used in wider senses. [GENERAL-USE]

  • viactwash one's hands by rinsing them; also metaphorical: ZHUAN 澡雪而精神
  • vtoNwash (one's body etc)
   zhuó OC: rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 1 Attribution

The standard general word is yù 浴 and refers typically to taking a bath or washing of the whole body. The still more general word, which may even apply to washing things other than the body, is zhuó 濯. [GENERAL], [GENERAL-USE]; [[COMMON]]

  • vtoNbathe in; delve into
洗浴   xǐ yù OC: sɯɯlʔ k-loɡ MC: sei ji̯ok 1 Attribution
  • VPiacttake a bath!
   tāng OC: kh-laaŋ MC: thɑŋ 0 Attributions

Tāng 湯 emphasises the use of warm water, and standardly co-occurs with mù 沐 "wash one's body including one's hair", probably because the use of hot water was largely restricted to the washing of hair. Perhaps one should often interpret tāng 湯 adverbially as "with hot water" in this idiomatic connection. [GENERAL-USE], [SPECIFIC]

  • vadVbathing in warm water, using hot water 湯沐

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: