SHINE  放出光芒

CAUSE to be BRIGHT by the USE of LIGHT.
ILLUMINATEEMIT LIGHTBEAMRADIATEGLEAMGLOWGLINTGLIMMERSPARKLETWINKLEGLITTERGLISTENSHIMMERFLASHFLAREGLAREFLUORESCE
Hypernym

BRIGHT -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

BRIGHT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for throwing light on something is zhào 照.

2. Míng 明 is typically used in a transferred sense of making something visible and clear.

3. Pù 曝 / 暴 is a dramatic physical word referring to the exposing of something blazing or scorching light.

4. Yào 耀 is a dramatic word referring to shining a dazzling light on something.

Modern Chinese Criteria

照射

投射

映射

映照

照耀

炫耀

照臨

輝映

耀

照亮

照明

燭照

光照

普照

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    SHINE

    fulgere refers to a continuous glaring light, or dazzling fiery colour.

    lucere rfers to a beneficial light or a soft fiery collour.

    splendere refers to continuous brightness as a consequence of a clear and pure transparent light.

    nitere refers to brightness as the consequence of humidity, oiling or washing which results in a glistening effect.

    coruscare refers to a brief efflorescence as of a forked lightning.

    micare refers to sparkling, like that of a metal mirror placed in the sun.

    radiare refers to beaming light as that coming from the sun.

  • Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages ( DE VAAN 2008) p.

    candefi 'to shine, gleam' [v. II; pf. canduf] (Enn.+)

    Derivatives: candor, -oris 'bright light' (Naev.+); candidus 'bright' (PI.+),

    candidaius 'dressed in white' (P1.+); candela 'candle' (Varro, Hem.+), candelabrum

    'stand for burning candles' (Cato+); candefacid 'to make white' (P1.+), excandescere

    'to catch fire' (Cato+); cicindela 'firefly' (Plin., Paul. exF.).

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 16
  • vi : 10
  • VPi : 8
  • VPtoN : 5
  • vi : 3
  • NPadN : 2
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • vi.red : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}] : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 15
  • 祖堂集 : 8
  • 春秋左傳 : 5
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

照 / 照   zhào OC: kljews MC: tɕiɛu zhào OC: kljews MC: tɕiɛu 17 Attributions
  • vtoNshine on, illuminate; cause something to shine on
  • vichangebecome illuminated, shine
  • vishine
  • vtoNfigurativeshine on, illuminate
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]reflexivereflect oneself in
  • nabfeaturesheen
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativethrow light on; enlighten
耀 / 燿 / 曜   yào OC: lewɡs MC: jiɛu yào OC: lewɡs MC: jiɛu yào OC: lewɡs MC: jiɛu 5 Attributions

Yào 耀 is a dramatic word referring to shining a dazzling light on something. Yào 耀 is a dramatic word referring to shining a dazzling light on something. Yào 耀 is a dramatic word referring to shining a dazzling light on something.

  • vtoNshine on
  • vidazzle; shine; be dazzling
  • vtoNcausativemake shine (on one)
   zhú OC: tjoɡ MC: tɕi̯ok 3 Attributions
  • vtoNto illuminate; to lit
晃昱   huǎng yù OC: ɡʷaaŋʔ k-luɡ MC: ɦɑŋ juk 3 Attributions
  • VPibe shining, be brilliant; be luminous
   zé OC: ɡrlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • vibe shiny
光澤   guāng zé OC: kʷaaŋ ɡrlaaɡ MC: kɑŋ ɖɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturesheen, sleekness
  • VPibe gleaming
照曜   zhào yào OC: kljews lewɡs MC: tɕiɛu jiɛu 2 Attributions
  • VPishine
  • VPt+prep+NN=placeilluminate
  • VPtoNshine on
照耀   zhào yào OC: kljews lewɡs MC: tɕiɛu jiɛu 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNshine upon
臨照   lìn zhào OC: b-rɯms kljews MC: lim tɕiɛu 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNfigurativeenlighten through one's charismatic virtue
華光   huá guāng OC: ɢʷraal kʷaaŋ MC: ɦɣɛ kɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPabfeatureglow of flowers
  • NPadNflower-glow-
   guāng OC: kʷaaŋ MC: kɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • vithrow light, shine
  • vtoNthrow light on
  • vifigurativehave a (metaphysical) radiance
曝 / 暴   pù OC: booɡ MC: buk pù OC: booɡ MC: buk 1 Attribution

Pù 曝/暴 is a dramatic physical word referring to the exposing of something blazing or scorching light. Pù 曝/暴 is a dramatic physical word referring to the exposing of something blazing or scorching light.

  • vtoNMENG: blaze on (as the sun blazing on the earth)
  • vtoNcausativeexpose to the sun
  • vt[oN]reflexivecause oneself to be shone upon> expose oneself to the sun
   juān OC: kʷliiŋ MC: ken 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativeshine a supernatural light on
光輝   guāng huī OC: kʷaaŋ qhul MC: kɑŋ hɨi 1 Attribution
  • VPibe resplendent
暉赫   huī hè OC: qhul qhraaɡ MC: hɨi hɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe scintillating
淨明   jìng míng OC: skhreeŋ mraŋ MC: dziɛŋ mɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNshining
炳著   bǐng zhù OC: pqraŋʔ k-las MC: pɣaŋ ʈi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe brilliant, be radiant
耀然   yào rán OC: lewɡs njen MC: jiɛu ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPidazzle; shine
   zhāo MC: tsyew OC: kljew 1 Attribution
  • vifigurativeshine forth
   huī MC: xjw+j OC: qhul 1 Attribution
  • vihave an inner sheen
   huī MC: xjw+j OC: hmɯl 1 Attribution
  • vi.redshine forth, show itself brilliantly; scintillate
   míng OC: mraŋ MC: mɣaŋ 0 Attributions

Míng 明 is typically used in a transferred sense of making something visible and clear.

  • vtoNilluminate
   yìng OC: qraŋs MC: ʔɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han: illuminate
   xī OC: qhlɯl MC: hɨi 0 Attributions
  • viarchaic dialect word, SHI 100: shine (as the sun in the east not yet shining)
灼 / 焯 / 灼焯晫   zhuó OC: pljewɡ MC: tɕi̯ɐk zhuó OC: ntjewɡ MC: tɕi̯ɐk  OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vito shine
   yè OC: ɢeb MC: ɦiɛp 0 Attributions
  • vi.red:adVradiantly
  • vi.redpoeticbe radiant, be bright, shine brightly
   shài OC: sbreels MC: ʂɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • virare, fangyan 262, SHUOWEN: (of the sun) shine; parch
   zhào OC: kljews MC: tɕiɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNshine on; illuminate (GUOYU); make manifest; make visible
   yíng OC: ɢʷeŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabfeatureshiny quality of gem
晃朗   huǎng lǎng OC: ɡʷaaŋʔ ɡ-raaŋʔ MC: ɦɑŋ lɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiglitter
   qīng OC: tsheŋ MC: tshiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadNtranslucent, shining
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vishine, shed light
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vifigurativeshine forth
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vihave an inner sheen
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vi.redshine forth, show itself brilliantly; scintillate

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: