BORDER AREA  邊疆

PLACE NEAR a BORDER AND TYPICALLY INSIDE ONE STATE.

BOUNDARY

Kind Of

PLACE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for the border area of a state is biān 邊, and this word refers to the general area up to the border.

2. Jìng 境, when referring to an area, describes a smaller area immediately surrounding the borderline.

3. Chuí 陲 refers to the large tract of land next to the state border.

4. Jiāng 疆 refers to any border between territories or fields of any kind, marked or unmarked, and the word can also refer to border regions.

5. Fān 藩 occasionally has a derived sense referring to a state border insofar as this border implies defensive arrangements, or perhaps also demarkation by plants, originally.

6. Bǐ 鄙 is an ancient word referring to a sparsely inhabited border region, with its attendant cultural peculiarities. See VULGAR

Modern Chinese Criteria

邊疆

邊境

邊隅

國境

國門

邊陲

疆埸

屏藩 refers to buffer territories against the barbarians.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 70

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 81

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 45

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 54

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 25
  • npost-N : 9
  • NP : 5
  • n[post-N] : 5
  • NP{PL} : 2
  • nadN : 1
  • NP(post-N) : 1
  • vtoN : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 22
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 孟子 : 5
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 管子 : 3
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   jiāng OC: kaŋ MC: ki̯ɐŋ 20 Attributions

Jiāng 疆 refers to any border between territories or fields of any kind, marked or unmarked, and the word can also refer to border regions.

  • ngeneral: border between any type of territory; border territory [the result of a systematic division of a large tract of land into fields (mǔ 畝)] [Jens]
  • viactmake boundaries; draw boundaries; demarcate territory
  • nadNof the border area; on the border
  • vtoNN=placesettle in the boundary area of N
   bǐ OC: prɯʔ MC: pi 14 Attributions

Bǐ 鄙 is an ancient word referring to a sparsely inhabited border region, with its attendant cultural peculiarities. See VULGAR

  • n[post-N][our] border-region
  • npost-Nborder area
   biān OC: peen MC: pen 7 Attributions

The most general word for the border area of a state is biān 邊, and this word refers to the general area up to the border.

  • nborder area of a state or of the empire
邊鄙   biān bǐ OC: peen prɯʔ MC: pen pi 3 Attributions
  • NPpluralborder regions
邊竟   biān jìng OC: peen kraŋs MC: pen kɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • NP{PL}border area, borderland
   fān OC: pan MC: pi̯ɐn 1 Attribution

Fān 藩 occasionally has a derived sense referring to a state border insofar as this border implies defensive arrangements, or perhaps also demarkation by plants, originally.

  • nborder; frontier
國界   guó jiè OC: kʷɯɯɡ kreeds MC: kək kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • NPborder area
疆場   jiāng cháng OC: kaŋ ɡrlaŋ MC: ki̯ɐŋ ɖi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPfrontier region
郊甸   jiāo diàn OC: kreew ɡ-liiŋs MC: kɣɛu den 1 Attribution
  • NP(post-N)border area; outlying area
   yù OC: ɢʷrɯɡ MC: ɦɨk 0 Attributions
  • nsystem of borders (and hence: region)
   jìng OC: kraŋʔ MC: kɣaŋ 0 Attributions

Jìng 境, when referring to an area, describes a smaller area immediately surrounding the borderline.

  • narea close to the border of a state
   è OC: ŋɡlaaɡ MC: ŋɑk 0 Attributions
  • n[post-N][our] border area
  • npost-Nborder area
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

Chuí 陲 refers to the large tract of land next to the state border.

  • nlarge area close to the border of a state
   yú OC: ŋo MC: ŋi̯o 0 Attributions
  • nborder area

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: