ARMOUR  甲冑

DEFENSIVE WEAPONS to SAFEGUARD one's BODY against ATTACK.
Taxonoymy

HELMETSHIELD

Kind Of

WEAPON

Old Chinese Criteria

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The dominant general term is jiǎ 甲 and this armour is typically made of rhinoceros leather.

[GENERAL]

2. Jiè 介 is another common, and syntactically flexible, word for armour.

3. Kǎi 鎧 refers to metal plate armour.

[SPECIFIC]

4. Xuán jiǎ 玄甲 refers to iron plate armour.

[SPECIFIC]

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006 WARFARE 20.

甲,皮甲;護衛衣總稱。

鎧,鐵甲,鐵護身衣通稱。

胄,甲士戴的護頭衣,即頭盔。

兜鍪,專稱鐵護頭衣。

Modern Chinese Criteria

裝甲

盔甲

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 20.31

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 177

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 92

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 19
  • nmadN : 17
  • nadN : 2
  • vi : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • NP : 1
  • vtoN : 1
  • NPm : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 14
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 管子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 孫子 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 史記 : 1

Words

   gé OC: krɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk 17 Attributions
  • nhardened leather armour
  • nmadNarmoured with hardened leather
   jiǎ OC: kraab MC: kɣap 16 Attributions

The dominant general term is jiǎ 甲 and this armour is typically made of rhinoceros leather. [GENERAL]

  • narmour made of leather [often lacquered Jakob Marsalek]
  • nadNarmoured; provided with armour
   jiè OC: kreeds MC: kɣɛi 6 Attributions

Jiè 介 is another common, and syntactically flexible, word for armour.

  • narmour: see WANG 1993: 246; XIANG 1997: 306
  • nabactthe use of armour
  • vadNarmoured
  • viactwear armour
  • vtoNcausativeto provide with armour
   kǎi OC: khɯɯlʔ MC: khəi 3 Attributions

Kǎi 鎧 refers to metal plate armour. It is a later word than xuán jiǎ 玄甲. [SPECIFIC]

  • nbody armour made with iron metal plate
   yīng OC: qɯŋ MC: ʔɨŋ 2 Attributions
  • nbreast plate
甲冑   jiǎ zhòu OC: kraab rliwɡs MC: kɣap ɖɨu 1 Attribution
  • NPmbody armour and helmet
甲裳   jiǎ cháng OC: kraab djaŋ MC: kɣap dʑi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPlower part of the armour
   tiě OC: kh-liiɡ MC: thet 0 Attributions
  • nadNiron-armoured
玄甲   xuán jiǎ OC: ɡʷeen kraab MC: ɦen kɣap 0 Attributions

Xuán jiǎ 玄甲 refers to iron plate armour. [SPECIFIC]

  • NPmiron plate armour

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: