CHEST  胸部

PART of BODY BETWEEN NECK AND STOMACH.
BOSOMBREASTUPPER BODY
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word is xiōng 胸, sometimes written xiōng 匈 and refers to the entire upper part of the torso, including the breasts, but the word is colloquial in flavour and did not become current before Warring States times.

2. Huái 懷 can be used to refer to the chest as a place where something is carried, and also as the seat of emotions.

3. Yīng 膺 is the old word referring to the outer part of the chest, the part on which clothes are placed.

4. Rǔ 乳 and the even rarer SONG colloquial word nǎi 嬭 can refer specifically to the female breasts.

5. Yì 臆 is the inner part of the chest, the seat of the emotions, and often a metaphorical term for thoughts harboured in the heart, and in early texts the word is rare, occurring mostly in the combination xiōng yì 胸臆 "the breast as seat of emotion and thought".

6. Lèi 肋 is an anatomical term for the sides of the chest and the ribs. See RIB

Modern Chinese Criteria

胸臆

胸膛

毿毿的胸膛

胸脯

胸口

胸脯子

胸腔

腔子

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.40

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.41

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 8

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 21

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 97

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 92

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 34
  • n(post-N) : 7
  • NP : 3

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 管子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
  • 列子 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

胸 / 匈   xiōng OC: qhoŋ MC: hi̯oŋ xiōng OC: qhoŋ MC: hi̯oŋ 21 Attributions

The general word is xiōng 胸, sometimes written xiōng 匈and refers to the entire upper part of the torso, including the breasts, but the word is colloquial in flavour and did not become current before Warring States times. The general word is xiōng 胸, sometimes written xiōng 匈and refers to the entire upper part of the torso, including the breasts, but the word is colloquial in flavour and did not become current before Warring States times.

  • nfigurativechest; the seat of thoughts
  • nbreast, chest
   huái OC: ɡruul MC: ɦɣɛi 10 Attributions

Huái 懷 can be used to refer to the chest as a place where something is carried, and also as the seat of emotions.

  • n(post-N)bosom (especially as repository of feelings on the one hand, and as repository for things carried along)
   yīng OC: qɯŋ MC: ʔɨŋ 5 Attributions

Yīng 膺 is the old word referring to the outer part of the chest, the part on which clothes are placed.

  • nchest
   xīn OC: slɯm MC: sim 4 Attributions
  • nchest
胸臆   xiōng yì OC: qhoŋ qɯɡ MC: hi̯oŋ ʔɨk 2 Attributions
  • NPchest
   yì OC: qɯɡ MC: ʔɨk 1 Attribution

Yì 臆 is the inner part of the chest, the seat of the emotions, and often a metaphorical term for thoughts harboured in the heart, and in early texts the word is rare, occurring mostly in the combination xiōng yì 胸臆"the breast as seat of emotion and thought".

  • nbreast, seat of feelings, bosom
心腹   xīn fù OC: slɯm puɡ MC: sim puk 1 Attribution
  • NPchest and abdomen; internal organs
  • NPfigurativechest and abdomen > inside, heart
   rǔ OC: njoʔ MC: ȵi̯o 0 Attributions

Rǔ 乳 and the even rarer SONG colloquial word nǎi 嬭 can refer specifically to the female breasts.

       xiōng OC: qhoŋ MC: hi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
    • DELETEchest
       lèi OC: ɡ-rɯɯɡ MC: lək 0 Attributions

    Lèi 肋 is an anatomical term for the sides of the chest and the ribs. See RIB

    • n(side of) the chest
       pú OC: baa MC: buo̝ 0 Attributions
    • nwhat is contained in the chest

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: