CURVED  曲線的

SHAPE that is NOT STRAIGHT.
TWISTEDCROOKEDWARPEDCONTORTEDDEFORMEDMISSHAPENOUT OF SHAPEIRREGULARBOWEDARCHEDCURVEDANGLEDHOOKEDKINKED
Taxonoymy

ROUNDFOLDBEND

Antonymy

STRAIGHT

See also

TWIST

Kind Of

SHAPE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard general word for anything bent or curved rather than straight is qǔ 曲 (ant. zhí 直 "straight"), and this word has a range of metaphorical uses.

2. Qū 屈 refers to something being bent or twisted and therefore not stretched out to its full potential length (ant. shēn 伸 "stretch out") is mostly literal in meaning, except when referring to being bowed down by humiliation.

3. Wān 彎 refers to naturally curved objects of any kind without any suggestion of them having been bent into this shape.

4. Yǔ 傴 refers especially to the deformation of the human body through various diseases which cause humans to have curved backs. See HUNCHBACK

5. Gōu 枸 refers especially to bent wood without any indication of why this wood has become bent.

6. Róu 輮 is a rare word referring - always very literally - to the bending (especially of wood) into round shape and the resulting bent shape of wood.

Modern Chinese Criteria

曲折

彎曲

曲曲彎彎

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.74

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

CURVED

curvus and the more common and prosaic curvatus refer to anthing that is rounded and not straight.

uncus refers to something very markedly rounded, almost into a semicircle.

pandus refers to slight rounding.

curva forms a continuous crooked line.

incurva forms a straight line but ends in a curve.

aduncus refers to e.g. horns being curved outwards.

reduncus refers to e.g. horns being curved inwards.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 356

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadN : 7
  • vi : 2
  • n : 2
  • nab2 : 1
  • nab : 1
  • nab : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   qū OC: khoɡ MC: khi̯ok 9 Attributions
  • nfigurativebend in a waterway
  • nsubjecta bent object 輮直為曲, something crocked
  • vadNbent
  • vibe bent or curved
  • vifigurativebe crooked, be less than straightforward See WICKED
  • nab2roundness
  • nabfigurativeliterary: semantic and stylistic convolutions
句 / 句   jù OC: kos MC: ki̯o gōu OC: koo MC: ku 4 Attributions
  • vishaped like a hook > be curved
  • nabcurve
  • vadNcurved ??
  • viactto make a hoook-like movement
   gōu OC: koo MC: ku 1 Attribution
  • vadNbent, crooked (wood)
  • vibe bent, be crooked
邐迤   lǐ yǐ OC: b-relʔ lalʔ MC: liɛ jiɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturewinding curved shapes
   yǔ OC: qoʔ MC: ʔi̯o 0 Attributions

Yǔ 傴 refers especially to the deformation of the human body through various diseases which cause humans to have curved backs. See HUNCHBACK

  • vibe bent, crippled
   jú OC: ɡoɡ MC: gi̯ok 0 Attributions
  • vibent, curved (of body)
  • vtoNto bend; arch back
   wān OC: qroon MC: ʔɣan 0 Attributions

Wān 彎 refers to naturally curved objects of any kind without any suggestion of them having been bent into this shape.

  • na bend
  • viP: curved, bent
   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 0 Attributions
  • vibe long and curved
   gōu OC: koo MC: ku 0 Attributions

Gōu 枸 refers especially to bent wood without any indication of why this wood has become bent.

  • ncurved piece of wood
   yū OC: qʷla MC: ʔi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vibe bent; be crooked
   róu OC: mljuʔ MC: ȵɨu 0 Attributions

Róu 輮 is a rare word referring - always very literally - to the bending (especially of wood) into round shape and the resulting bent shape of wood.

  • nbend> bent wood???
詰詘   jié qū OC: khid khlud MC: khit khi̯ut 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturecurvatures

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: