COMPLAIN  上訴

SAY that something is NOT JUST AND BAD IN-RELATION-TO SELF:oneself OR someone CLOSE to SELF:oneself.
PROTESTGRUMBLEWHINEBLEATCARPCAVILGROUSEMAKE A FUSSOBJECTSPEAK OUTCRITICIZEFIND FAULTKICK UP A FUSSRAISE A STINKBELLYACHEMOANSNIVELBEEFBITCHSOUND OFFGRIPEKVETCH
Taxonoymy

GRUMBLE

See also

BLAME

Kind Of

SPEAK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for complaint is sù 訴.

2. Gào 告 refers to an inferior complaining to a superior.

NB: Yuān 冤 refers to an injustice suffered, but not to a complaint about it.

Modern Chinese Criteria

上告 is the current word for lodging a complaint.

上控 focusses on the public accusation which forms part of the complaint.

上訴 refers to stating one's case in court.

越衙上告 refers in a proverbial way to higher authorities.

喊冤 (lit) refers to crying out about an injustice one has suffered.

叫冤 (lit) refers to crying out about an injustice one has suffered.

叫屈 (lit) refers to crying out about an injustice one has suffered.

申冤 (lit, arch) refers to crying out about an injustice one has suffered.

申雪 (lit) refers to an appeal for legal redress for an injustice suffered.

喊冤叫屈 (prov) refers to all manner of loud complaints being made.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

COMPLAIN

questus refers to the concise expression of pain through lamentation.

quiritatio refers to a continued expression of main over a period of time.

querimonia is the just feeling of the injured person who will not brook an act of injustice, and this word implies understanding of the situation and aims at redress or satisfaction.

querela tends to refer to the blamable feeling of the discontented person who will brook no hardship, and this word does not normally refer to an action aiming at redressing an unjust situation.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 180

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.235:161

LAMENTATION.PLAINTE

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 52A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 4
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
  • n : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

訴 / 愬   sù OC: sqlaaɡs MC: suo̝ sù OC: sqlaaɡs MC: suo̝ 5 Attributions

The current general word for complaint is sù 訴. The current general word for complaint is sù 訴.

  • nabactcomplaint
  • vtoNmake complaints against
  • vtoNobject=audiencemake a complaint to
  • vt+prep+Ncomplain to N
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2complain about the contextually determinate matter N1 to N2
   gào OC: kuuɡs MC: kɑu 2 Attributions

Gào 告 refers to an inferior complaining to a superior.

  • nhumansomebody who receives complaints of the people
  • vtoNcomplain against; make a complaint against someone to a superior SHIJI
   sù OC: sqlaaɡs MC: suo̝ 2 Attributions

The current general word for complaint is sù 訴.

  • vt+prep+Nmake complaints to (someone)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2complain about (someone N1) (to someone N2) 公伯寮愬子路於季孫
告勞   gào láo OC: kuuɡs raaw MC: kɑu lɑu 0 Attributions
  • VPiactcomplain about one's hard fate

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: