AGE  年齡年/歲

PERIOD a CREATURE has been LIVE:alive.
LENGTH OF LIFESTAGE OF LIFEGENERATIONAGE GROUP
Taxonoymy

OLDYOUNGPUBERTY

See also

YEAR

Kind Of

PERIOD

Old Chinese Criteria

[ARCHAIC/CURRENT]

[BASIC/MARGINAL]

[BRIEF/LONG]

[COMMON/RARE]

[POETIC/PROSAIC]

[QUANTIFIED/UNQUANTIFIED

[ELEVATED], [INFORMAL]

1. Nián 年, basically an agricultural term, "year of one's life" refers to age specifically in terms of number year, and the focus is on this period as having a certain length.

[COMMON], [QUANTIFIED]

2. Suì 歲, basically an astronomical term, refers to the year as an astronomical unit and then to "number of years one has lived"; the refers to the unit by which years are counted and the length of time as such. A primary basis of the image in these words is plant life.

[BASIC], [FREQUENT], [QUANTIFIED]

3. Chǐ 齒 typically refers to the age of animals, but the word also has generalised meanings where it refers informally to the age or seniority of humans. The primary basis of the image for time is the fauna of teethed animals.

[ARCHAIC]; [[RARE]]

4. Shòu 壽 refers to venerable high age as something desirable rather than as connoting decrepitude.

[ELEVATED], [LONG]

5. Chūn qiū 春秋 refers periphrastically, in polite and flowery speech, to years of age. See YEAR.

[ELEVATED], [POETIC], [QUANTIFIED]

Modern Chinese Criteria

年齡

年紀

年歲

歲數

春秋

年華

年齒

年庚

年事

年壽

年考

年命

庚 (lit) is limited to the phrase guìgēng 貴庚 "your honourable age".

齡 (obs)

齒 (obs) is limited to classical idioms.

貴庚

貴甲子

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 14.12

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum 28

AETAS

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 294

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 5.112

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

ALTER

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 107ff

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 115ff

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 293

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 323

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 432

LIU SHUXIN 1987 現代漢語同義詞詞典 436

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 28
  • nab(post-N) : 18
  • vi : 10
  • NPab : 7
  • VPi : 5
  • NP{N1&N2} : 5
  • NP : 4
  • n : 4
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 3
  • v[adN] : 1
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • nadV : 1
  • nadS : 1
  • ncpost-V{NUM}.adN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 30
  • 祖堂集 : 16
  • 春秋左傳 : 9
  • 論語 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 黃帝內經 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   nián OC: niin MC: nen 23 Attributions

Nián 年 , basically an agricultural term, "year of one's life" refers to age specifically in terms of number year, and the focus is on this period as having a certain length. [COMMON], [QUANTIFIED]

  • nab(post-N)the contextually determinate N's age; the number of years one lives, the time-span one has lived or will live 盡其天年
  • nadSin age
  • nadVin age, by years 年老 "old in age"
  • nabtimeyears of age
  • nab.post-Nthe age of N
   chǐ OC: khljɯʔ MC: tɕhɨ 23 Attributions

Chǐ 齒 typically refers to the age of animals, but the word also has generalised meanings where it refers informally to the age or seniority of humans. The primary basis of the image for time is the fauna of teethed animals. [ARCHAIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nabstativeage; seniority; degree of seniority, rank of seniority
  • viage ZUO Wen 1
僧夏   sēng xià OC: sɯɯŋ ɡraas MC: səŋ ɦɣɛ 5 Attributions
  • NPabBUDDH: 'age as a monk' (the number of years somebody has been a monk/nun during his/her life)
春秋   chūn qiū OC: thjun tshiw MC: tɕhʷin tshɨu 5 Attributions

Chūn qiū 春秋 refers periphrastically, in polite and flowery speech, to years of age. See YEAR. [ELEVATED], [POETIC], [QUANTIFIED]

  • NP{N1&N2}years of age (and of activity) 富春秋 "still young"
   jī OC: kee MC: kei 3 Attributions
  • vi[put on a hairpin as sign of maturity >][CA] (of girls) ca. 15 years of age [LIJI age of 20][CA]
   mào OC: moows MC: mɑu 3 Attributions
  • vibe very old; LIJI: 80/90 years of age
  • v[adN]the very old
年歲   nián suì OC: niin sqʷads MC: nen siɛi 3 Attributions
  • NPab{N1=N2}stativeage, number of years one has lived
   mào OC: moows MC: mɑu 2 Attributions
  • nsubject=humanloan for 耄: those, who are 80/90 years of age
   líng OC: ɡ-reeŋ MC: leŋ 2 Attributions
  • nyear of age
  • viage
壽齡   shòu líng OC: ɡ-reeŋ MC: ɨu leŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPabage
天年   tiān nián OC: lʰiin niin MC: then nen 2 Attributions
  • NPnatural maximum age of a person
   zhuàng OC: skraŋs MC: ʈʂi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vicontinuousLIJI: 30 years of age; be adult
   shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 1 Attribution

Shòu 壽 refers to venerable high age as something desirable rather than as connoting decrepitude. [ELEVATED], [LONG]

  • nabfeaturevenerable advanced age
   qiáng OC: ɡaŋ MC: gi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • viLIJI: 40 years of age
   suì OC: sqʷads MC: siɛi 1 Attribution

Suì 歲, basically an astronomical term, refers to the year as an astronomical unit and then to "number of years one has lived"; the refers to the unit by which years are counted and the length of time as such. A primary basis of the image in these words is plant life. [BASIC], [FREQUENT], [QUANTIFIED]

  • nabstativecurrent age, number of years one has lived
  • ncpost-V{NUM}.adNof X age
   lǎo OC: ɡ-ruuʔ MC: lɑu 1 Attribution
  • viLIJI: be 70 years of age
   qí OC: ɡri MC: gi 1 Attribution
  • viLIJI: 60 years of age
   ài OC: ŋaads MC: ŋɑi 1 Attribution
  • viLIJI: be 50 years of age
   zài OC: sklɯɯs MC: tsəi 1 Attribution
  • nabfeatureage
   chèn OC: tshrins MC: ʈʂhɪn 1 Attribution
  • nabage
  • viSHUOWEN: seven or eight years of age (when milk teeth are changed)
不惑   bù huò OC: pɯʔ ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: pi̯ut ɦək 1 Attribution
  • VPiLY 2.4: 40 years of age
多小   duō xiǎo OC: k-laal smewʔ MC: tɑ siɛu 1 Attribution
  • VPihow many > how many years > be of what age
年壽   nián shòu OC: niin djuʔ MC: nen dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • NPlong life, long life span
而立   ér lì OC: njɯ ɡ-rub MC: ȵɨ lip 1 Attribution
  • VPi30 years of age (based on LY)
耳順   ěr shùn OC: mljɯʔ ɢjuns MC: ȵɨ ʑʷin 1 Attribution
  • VPiLY 2.4: 60 years of age
載祀   zǎi sì OC: skɯɯʔ sɢlɯʔ MC: tsəi zɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPage (of a physical object); years of age reached, the number of years something lasts
膝下   xī xià MC: sit haeX OC: siɡ ɢraaʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPitender age, the age of a little child
   gēng OC: kraaŋ MC: kɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabfeaturepost-Han: age
   dié OC: ɡ-liiɡ MC: det 0 Attributions
  • viERYA: be 80 years of age (Guo Pu's commentary)[become old]
壽夭   shòu yāo OC: djuʔ qrowʔ MC: dʑɨu ʔiɛu 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturerelative long-livedness
年齒   nián chǐ OC: niin khljɯʔ MC: nen tɕhɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPabtimeage
弱冠   ruò guān OC: njewɡ koon MC: ȵi̯ɐk kʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • NP{vadV(.adN)}20 years of age [Note that guàn 冠 should probably be taken as a verb "capped" here. But this must be discussed. See LEXEME sources]
期頤   jī yí OC: kɯ k-lɯ MC: kɨ jɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPiLIJI: 100 years of age
知命   zhī mìng OC: te mɢreŋs MC: ʈiɛ mɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiLY 2.4: 50 years of age
竹馬   zhú mǎ OC: tuɡ mraaʔ MC: ʈuk mɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NPLATE: bamboo horse> the age of a child when it plays with a bamboo horse
羊車   yáng chē OC: k-laŋ khlja MC: ji̯ɐŋ tɕhɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NP(post-Han) sheep carriage> the age of a child when it plays 'sheep carriage'
識環   shí huán OC: qhljɯɡ ɡʷraan MC: ɕɨk ɦɣan 0 Attributions
  • VPi(post-Han) know the ring> age when one consciously distinguishes between objects (3-4 years old) ?????

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: