BIND  約束

GATHER so as to CAUSE NOT to be ABLE be REMOVED OR LEAVE.
TIE (UP)FASTEN (TOGETHER)HOLD TOGETHERSECUREMAKE FASTATTACHROPESTRAPLASHFETTERTRUSSHOG-TIETETHER
Taxonoymy

ENTANGLETIE TO

See also

ARRESTCATCH

Kind Of

GATHER

Old Chinese Criteria

[ABSTRACT/CONCRETE]

[+FIG/LITERAL]

1. The general word for tying things together into a bundle is shù 束 (ant. jiě 解 "untie"), and the word generally refers to the tying of things together in a bundle-like manner and not to the tying up of humans.

[CONCRETE]

2. Fú 縛 (ant. jiě 解 "untie") is primarily to tie up a person with a rope to restrict his freedom of movement, but ther word can also, by extension, be used to refer to tying up things.

[CONCRETE]

3. Guàn 貫 is to string things together as in a string of cash in the traditional Chinese style, but the word is also used in transferred senses.

[SPECIFIC], [+FIG]

4. Wéi 維 refers - often in an abstract way - to the tying together or connecting of things.

[ABSTRACT!]

There is a large number or more or less rare words which refer in hardly distinguishable ways to the tying together of things.

Modern Chinese Criteria

約束

拘束

拘牽

檢束

束縛

繫縛

羈勒

羈絆

牢籠

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 459

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 740

束,申

1. She1n 申 is too rare in this meaning to suffer analysis, and the word does seem to be metaphorical in sense in the difficult example presented.

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 401

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 64
  • VPtoN : 11
  • vi : 5
  • vadN : 4
  • nab : 3
  • VPt(oN) : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • NPab : 2
  • vpostadV : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 12
  • 韓非子 : 12
  • 祖堂集 : 8
  • 莊子 : 7
  • 管子 : 6
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 臨濟錄 : 5
  • 楚辭 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 法集要頌經 : 4
  • 晏子春秋 : 3
  • 法言 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1

Words

   jié OC: kiid MC: ket 20 Attributions
  • vadNtied-up 結繩 "knotted string"
  • vichangebind > solidify
  • vifigurativebe bound, be tied up
  • vt(oN)tie up the contextually determinate N
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativebe tied to, be bound to
  • vt+prep+Nmiddle voicebe tied to
  • vtoNtie up; bundle together; (bind together > solidify)
  • vtoNfigurativebind, solidify ZTJ: 結性成心
   fù OC: baɡ MC: bi̯ɐk 16 Attributions

Fù 縛 (ant. jiě 解 "untie") is primarily to tie up a person with a rope to restrict his freedom of movement, but ther word can also, by extension, be used to refer to tying up things.

  • nabfigurativebondage
  • vtoNtie up, wrap up; put in fetters
  • vtoNfigurativebind, create bondage for
  • vtoNpassivebe put in fetters by; be tied up by
  • vtoNfigurativebe bound, be tied up
  • vtoNreflexive.自bind (oneself); entangle (oneself); get entangled
  • vpostadVpassivewith hands tied behind one's back
束縛   shù fù OC: lʰoɡ baɡ MC: ɕi̯ok bi̯ɐk 9 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)put someone determinate in fetters; bind something determinate up
  • VPtoNput in fetters
  • VPtoNpassiveget tied up
  • VPtoNfigurativeput in fetters
   shù OC: lʰoɡ MC: ɕi̯ok 7 Attributions

The general word for tying things together into a bundle is shù 束 (ant. jiě 解 "untie"), and the word generally refers to the tying of things together in a bundle-like manner and not to the tying up of humans.

  • vtoNtie, put on (a belt); to bundle up; occasionally in derived sense: a bundle or roll; constrain; tie up (horses)
  • vtoNpassivebe tied up
   xì OC: ɡeeɡs MC: ɦei 7 Attributions
  • vtoNbind together; tie up
  • vtoNfigurativebind together, tie together, link up; BUDDH: tie up and restrain from freely functioning (thinking)
  • vttoN1.+N2tie something to something else
   kuò OC: kood MC: kʷɑt 4 Attributions
  • vtoNtie; bind; tie up; bring together
  • vifigurativeshow self-control
繫縛   xì fù OC: ɡeeɡs baɡ MC: ɦei bi̯ɐk 4 Attributions
  • NPabactbeing put into fetters; being tied up
  • VPtoNfigurativebind; tie up; put in fetters
  • VPtoNmiddle voicebe tied down
   xì OC: keeɡs MC: kei 3 Attributions
  • nabfigurativeproper ties (of a moral and intellectual kind)
  • vadNpassivebound-together by laces (shoes)
  • vifigurativeenter proper social ties
  • vt(oN)figurativedevelop proper ties with one
貫 / 貫   guàn OC: koons MC: kʷɑn guān OC: koon MC: kʷɑn 3 Attributions

Guàn 貫 and the later chuàn 串 is to string things together as in a string of cash in the traditional Chinese style. Guàn 貫 and the later chuàn 串 is to string things together as in a string of cash in the traditional Chinese style.

  • vtoNstring together on a string (like Chinese cash)
  • vtoNfigurativemake into a unity, organise into a unity
   gòu OC: koos MC: ku 2 Attributions
  • vtoNbind together, bind together
  • vtoNfigurativetie together in harmonious interaction
   xì OC: ɡeeɡs MC: ɦei 2 Attributions
  • nabstativelinkage
  • vadNbundled up, tied in a bundle
   biān OC: pen MC: piɛn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNtie together
   zhí OC: tib MC: ʈip 2 Attributions
  • vtoNtether; tie up
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe tied up> be stuck
   léi OC: rul MC: li 2 Attributions
  • vadNtied up> imprisoned
  • vtoNpassivebe tied up; be bound
   shǒu OC: hmljuʔ MC: ɕɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassiveget tied up; be manacled
   yū OC: qʷla MC: ʔi̯o 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie up as a belt
   suǒ OC: saaɡ MC: sɑk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie together
   wéi OC: k-lul MC: ji 1 Attribution

Wéi 維 refers - often in an abstract way - to the tying together or connecting of things.

  • nsubjectwhat is bound > knot
  • vtoNtie up; bind together
  • vtoNpassivebe tied up
   jiān OC: kroom MC: kɣɛm 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie up with a rope
  • vtoNpassivebe tied and sealed up
   dì OC: ɡ-leeɡs MC: dei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNreflexive.自poetic: tie (itself/oneself) up in knots
   suō OC: sruɡ MC: ʂuk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto bind; tie up
   rào OC: nɢjews MC: ȵiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie together
   liáo OC: ɡ-reew MC: leu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbind; wrap around; entangle with; wrap
   chán OC: dan MC: ɖiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie up; put into fetters; entangle
   jūn OC: krun MC: kʷin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtie to; bind (loan)
係累   xì lěi OC: keeɡs rolʔ MC: kei liɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfigurativeto enslave (somebody)
紳束   shēn shù OC: lʰin lʰoɡ MC: ɕin ɕi̯ok 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNreflexive.自tie (oneself) up
纏縛   chán fù OC: dan baɡ MC: ɖiɛn bi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)tie up, put in fetters a contextually determinate N
  • VPtoNpassivebe tied up, fettered by N
   chuàn OC: khjons MC: tɕhiɛn 0 Attributions

Guàn 貫 and the later chuàn 串 is to string things together as in a string of cash in the traditional Chinese style.

  • vtoNlate post-Han: string together
絏紲 / 紲    OC:  MC:  xiè OC: sled MC: siɛt 0 Attributions

xiè xiè

  • vtoNtie, bind
   xiè OC: sled MC: siɛt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbind (ZHOULI)
   zǔ OC: skaaʔ MC: tsuo̝ 0 Attributions

Zǔ 組 refers to a loosely connected bundle of concrete things.

  • nbundle
   yíng OC: qʷleŋ MC: ʔiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNentwine
   móu OC: mɢlu MC: mɨu 0 Attributions
  • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nclassifierbundle of ten bundles of hemp
   huà OC: ɢʷreeɡs MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNK: tie up
   zhí OC: tib MC: ʈip 0 Attributions
  • vibind together the front feet of a horse in order to make it hobble

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: