DIVIDE  分開

CAUSE something to BECOME TWO OR MANY DIFFERENT PARTS.
SEPARATESPLIT (UP)CUT UPCARVE UPDISSECTBISECTHALVEQUARTERSEPARATESEGREGATEPARTITIONSCREEN OFFSECTION OFFSPLIT OFF
Taxonoymy

SHARE OUT

Antonymy

COMBINE

See also

DISTINGUISH

Kind Of

TWO

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for physically diving things into separate parts is fēn 分 (ant. yī 一 "treat as one undivided whole, to unite") and this word may refer to destroying the unity of what is being divided.

2. Bié 別 (ant. tóng 同 "treat as the same, treat the same way") is to separate physically what can be separated out without interfering with integrity of the things separated. ( 別男女 "separate men from women")

3. Xī 析 is to split and divide what is naturally unsplit and undivided.

4. Lí 離 (ant. hé 合 "combine into one") is to keep apart what naturally is apart.

Modern Chinese Criteria

分開

劃分

瓜分

分割

平分

均分

平均

三一三十一

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.232

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 513

DIVIDERE aliqvid in sua contenta resolvere. Continet autem aliqvid alia vel in se, ut totum partes; vel sub se, ut genus species; vel penes se, ut duo qvaepiam in eodem subjecto coexistentia, exampli gratia albedo et dulcedo in saccharo....

Long useful discussion in the old Greek tradition of dihairesis.

...

1. Mente, dictur Dignoscere, dicernere

2. Verbis, dicitur Distingvere

3. re ipsa - separare disparare, dispescere, disgregare

...

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DIVIDE

divisio refers specifically to the division of a genus into its various subspecies.

partitio refers, specifically, to the divion of a whole into its natural constituent parts.

dividere refers to dividing of something where natural divisions can be made

dirimere refers to the introducing of artificial divisions where they do not naturally belong.

dispertire refers very specifically to the dividing up of property with a view to partition among future owners.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 80

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 106

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 33
  • vadV : 11
  • VPtoN : 4
  • vadN : 4
  • vtoN : 2
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • nab.t : 1
  • VPadV : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 10
  • 史記 : 8
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 管子 : 7
  • 論語 : 5
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 五行 : 1

Words

   fēn OC: pɯn MC: pi̯un 23 Attributions

The most current general word for physically diving things into separate parts is fēn 分 (ant. yī 一 "treat as one undivided whole, to unite") and this word may refer to destroying the unity of what is being divided.

  • nab.tactbeing divided by N
  • vadVdivided up: singly, one by one, individually; separately
  • vtoNdivide up; carve up; divide among oneselves; separate
  • vtoNpassivebe divided (as Jìn into three states); be not concentrated in one hand but divided (as power etc)
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe divided
   bié OC: pred MC: piɛt 21 Attributions

Bié 別 (ant. tóng 同 "treat as the same, treat the same way") is to separate physically what can be separated out without interfering with integrity of the things separated. (別男女 "separate men from women")

  • nabactdevision;
  • vadNseparated out, divided into parts
  • vadVseparately
  • vt[oN]separate off from each other, move away from each other
  • vt+prep+Nbe separate from N
  • vtoNseparate out (into its parts, or as a separate part); move apart; keep apart
  • vtoNpassiveHF 6.5.58: be properly separated; be divided from
   lí OC: b-rel MC: liɛ 3 Attributions

Lí 離 (ant. hé 合 "combine into one") is to keep apart what naturally is apart.

  • vadNseparate, detached
  • vtoNhold apart, distinguish; be separate from; be divorced from; be separable from
  • vtoNpassiveget divided, get partitioned
   liǎng OC: raŋʔ MC: li̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNdivide or spread in two directions
分別   fēn bié OC: pɯn pred MC: pi̯un piɛt 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNdivide up, cut up
   jiè OC: kreeds MC: kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • nabdivisions
   bàn OC: baanʔ MC: bʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdivide into equal halves???
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution
  • vtoNN=placedelimit; draw a boundary in; mark off
   xī OC: seeɡ MC: sek 1 Attribution

Xī 析 is to split and divide what is naturally unsplit and undivided.

  • vtoNsplit
  • vtoNpassivebe divided
分為   fēn wéi OC: pɯn ɢʷal MC: pi̯un ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe divided into; divide into
獨別   dú bié OC: dooɡ pred MC: duk piɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPadVseparate, each for him/her/itself
離別   lí bié OC: b-rel bred MC: liɛ biɛt 1 Attribution
  • NPabstativeseparation
離析   lí xī OC: b-rel seeɡ MC: liɛ sek 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmiddle voiceget split up
   shī shǐ/xǐ MC: srjeX OC: sbrelʔ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdivide off
   lí  MC: lje  OC: b-rel  1 Attribution
  • vtoN2figurativetake the Ns separately, take the Ns each by themselves
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdivide
   qū OC: kho MC: khi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vadNdivided
  • vtoNdraw distinction between
   zhēn OC: kjin MC: tɕin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han make deliberate choice after proper assessment
   huà OC: ɢʷreeɡs MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdivide and delineate
   kuò OC: khood MC: khʷɑt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdivide
   chú OC: rla MC: ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: divide
報除   bào chú OC: puuɡs rla MC: pɑu ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPimathematical termCHEMLA 2003: to practice divison by way of compensation for having multiplied elsewhere earlier in the computation procedure. Note that this terminology refers not simply to a practice as such, but to the motivation for a practice.JIUZHANG 4.16: 開其母,報除。 "One extracts the root of the corresponding denominator, and divides in return.
并除   bìng chú OC: peŋs rla MC: piɛŋ ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: divide togetherJZ 5.11, Liu Hui comm: 并除 and 連除 are used in the same context, and interchangeably.
而一   ér yī OC: njɯ qliɡ MC: ȵɨ ʔit 0 Attributions
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: divide by (the preceding quantity)
連除   lián chú OC: b-ren rla MC: liɛn ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: divide conjointly> divide at one stroke> divide by the product ofJZ 5.11, Liu Hui comm: 并除 and 連除 are used in the same context, and interchangeably.
開方除   kāi fāng chú OC: khɯɯl paŋ rla MC: khəi pi̯ɐŋ ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
開立方除   kāi lì fāng chú OC: khɯɯl ɡ-rub paŋ rla MC: khəi lip pi̯ɐŋ ɖi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoN2figurativetake the Ns separately, take the Ns each by themselves

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: