HOT  

TEMPERATURE RESEMBLING that of FIRE.
WARMHEATEDPIPING HOTSIZZLINGSTEAMINGROASTINGBOILING (HOT)SEARINGSCORCHINGSCALDINGBURNINGRED-HOTVERY WARMBALMYSUMMERYTROPICALSCORCHINGBROILINGSEARINGBLISTERINGSWELTERINGTORRIDSULTRYHUMIDMUGGYCLOSEBOILINGBAKINGROASTING
Antonym

COLDCOOL

Hypernym

TEMPERATURE -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. Probably the most general word referrring to objective high temperature or heat is rè 熱 (ant. lěng 冷 "cold").

2. Wēn 溫 (ant. liáng 涼 "cool") is mild heat.

3. Nuǎn 暖 (ant. liáng 涼 "cool") is very mild heat.

4. Yán 炎 is extreme heat.

5. Shǔ 暑 (ant. hán 寒 "cold") refers to perceived heat, which often relates to humidity in the air as well as objective temperature.

6. Xū 煦 and hé 和 refer to temperate, comfortable, and warm temperatures or climates.

Modern Chinese Criteria

炎熱

炎炎

暑熱

熾熱

火熱

酷熱

沸熱

溽暑

酷暑

燥熱

熾燥

燻蒸

火辣辣

熱辣辣

驕陽似火

汗流浹背

揮汗成雨

汗如雨下

鑠石流金

流金鑠石

熱火

熱和

熱乎

熱乎乎

熱烘烘

熱騰騰

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 332;559

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 15.85

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    WARM

    calere refers to warmth generally.

    fervere refers to considerable heat, typically close to boiling point.

    aestuare refers to subjective feelings of heat.

  • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 23

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 362

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p. 87

    BELLUM

  • Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik ( SCHMIDT 1889) p. 62

  • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 667

    熱,暑

    1. WL quote the received view that shu3 暑 relates to humidity but fails to realise that the essence of the concept is twofold: firstly it relates always to climatic temperature only; and secondly it refers to perceived temperature. Any burning object is re4 熱, but no one would think of calling it shu3 暑 in classical Chinese.

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.282

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 20
  • vi0 : 14
  • vi : 13
  • n : 6
  • vtoN : 4
  • vadN : 4
  • vi.red : 4
  • VPi : 3
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • vadS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 呂氏春秋 : 10
  • 韓非子 : 10
  • 論衡 : 9
  • 管子 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 史記 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   shǔ OC: qhljaʔ MC: ɕi̯ɤ 25 Attributions

Shǔ 暑 (ant. hán 寒 "cold") refers to perceived heat, which often relates to humidity in the air as well as objective temperature.

  • nperiod of hot weather
  • nabstativeheat, state of hotness; agreeable warm termperature
  • vadSwhen it is hot; in summer
  • vibe hot (like the weather in summer)
  • vi0stativeit is hot
   rè OC: ŋjed MC: ȵiɛt 18 Attributions

Probably the most general word referrring to objective high temperature or heat is rè 熱 (ant. lěng 冷 "cold").

  • nabstativewarm weather; HF 8.8.48: (the onset of) warm and pleasant weather; heat
  • v[adN]something hot
  • vadNwarm
  • vibe burning hot; be sizzling hot; be extremely warm (of clothes)
  • vichangebecome hotter; become (uncomfortably) hot
  • vi0there is heat, the weather is hot; it is hot
暖 / 暖   nuǎn OC: noonʔ MC: nʷɑn nuǎn OC: noonʔ MC: nʷɑn 8 Attributions

Nuǎn 暖/煖 (ant. liáng 涼"cool") is very mild heat. Nuǎn 暖/煖 (ant. liáng 涼"cool") is very mild heat.

  • vibe warm; feel warm; designed to keep one warm
  • vadNwarm; hot
  • vi0it is warm
  • vi0changeit turns warm
  • vtoNcausativecause to be warm and comfortable
  • nabstativewarmth
  • nabfeaturewarmth, heat
   wēn OC: quun MC: ʔuo̝n 7 Attributions

Wēn 溫 (ant. liáng 涼 "cool") is mild heat.

  • nabfeaturehot temperatures
  • nabstativewarm temperature (of air etc)
  • vadNwarm, mild
  • vadVwarmly (clad)
  • vibe warm; be mild
  • vtoNcausativecause to be hot; to warm
  • vt[oN]heat up/warm up the bedding (for one's parents)?
   yàng OC: k-laŋs MC: ji̯ɐŋ 4 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nkeep warm at
  • vtoNkeep warm by the side of
  • vtoNreflexive.己keep (oneself) warm
   yán OC: ɢlam MC: ɦiɛm 3 Attributions

Yán 炎 is extreme heat.

  • vadNhot
  • vi.redbe blazing hot, extremely hot
  • vi.redfigurativebe figuratively blazing and full of energy
燀熱   chǎn rè OC: thjanʔ ŋjed MC: tɕhiɛn ȵiɛt 2 Attributions
  • VPibe hot
熾然   chì rán OC: khljɯɡs njen MC: tɕhɨ ȵiɛn 2 Attributions
  • VPadNblazing
  • VPibe one hot blaze
   hàn OC: qhlaans MC: hɑn 1 Attribution
  • viSHI 69, SHUOWEN: be all hot and parched (as fields)
煦 / 煦   xù OC: qhos MC: hi̯o xǔ OC: qhoʔ MC: hi̯o 1 Attribution

Xù 煦 and hé 和 refer to temperate, comfortable, and warm temperatures or climates. Xù 煦 and hé 和 refer to temperate, comfortable, and warm temperatures or climates.

  • vadNmild, comfortably warm
   chǎn OC: thjanʔ MC: tɕhiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vibe very warm and comfortable
  • vtoNcausativeheat up
   chóng OC: ɡrluŋ MC: ɖuŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi.redintensitivebe blazing hot
五熱   wǔ rè OC: ŋaaʔ ŋjed MC: ŋuo̝ ȵiɛt 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturefive forms of insufferable heat
   ào OC: quuɡs MC: ʔɑu 0 Attributions
  • vibe warm
   yù OC: qos MC: ʔi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to be warm> incubate; warm with one's body
   rù OC: njoɡ MC: ȵi̯ok 0 Attributions
  • viLIJI: moist and hot (as a summer in Canton)
   nuǎn OC: noonʔ MC: nʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vibe warm (GUOYU)
   hè OC: qhaawɡ MC: hɑk 0 Attributions
  • viHUANGDINEIJING, suwen: hot
   zhēng OC: kjɯŋ MC: tɕɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibe hot
   xián OC: sɢlam MC: ziɛm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to be warm> to warm; to heat (YILI)
   yù OC: quɡ MC: ʔuk 0 Attributions
  • viSHI: warm and comfortable (as clothes)
   zào OC: saawʔ MC: sɑu 0 Attributions
  • nabstativeheat
褞 / 褞縕   yǔn OC: qunʔ MC: ʔi̯un  OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

yǔn yǔn

  • nadNXINYU: padded and warm
寒熱   hán rè OC: ɡaan ŋjed MC: ɦɑn ȵiɛt 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturerelative temperature

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: