SILK  絲綢

CLOTH PRODUCED USING SILK THREADS.
Taxonoymy

BROCADESILK PADDING

Kind Of

CLOTH

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for any kind of silk cloth it is bó 帛.

2. Juàn 絹 refers to thin silk gauze.

3. Zēng 繒 is close in meaning to bó 帛 with which it often forms a binome, but the word first became current in Han times.

4. Sù 素 refers to to raw undyed silk cloth.

5. Bì 幣 typically refers to silk insofar as it is used as currency or as a formal gift.

6. Zī 緇 refers to non-shiny, matt, very darkish grey silk important in ritual garments.

7. Liàn 練 refers to refined off-white glossy silk.

8. Jián 縑 refers to double-thread thick silk.

9. Tí 綈 refers to refined and washed double-thread thick silk.

Modern Chinese Criteria

絲綢

綾子

綢緞

綢子

緞子

綾羅

絲織品

綾羅綢緞

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 6.25

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 96

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 650

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 15

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.841

STAIGER 2003 Das grosse China-Lexikon 662

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 146

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 45
  • n : 11
  • NP{N1=N2} : 4
  • NPm : 2
  • nadN : 2
  • n[adN] : 1
  • nadV : 1
  • nm[adN] : 1
  • vi : 1
  • nmadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 韓非子 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 7
  • 禮記 : 7
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   bì OC: beds MC: biɛi 13 Attributions

Bì 幣 typically refers to silk insofar as it is used as currency or as a formal gift.

  • nmsilk as a luxury possession or gift
   bó OC: braaɡ MC: bɣɛk 11 Attributions

The general word for any kind of silk cloth it is bó 帛.

  • nmsilk cloth; silken clothes
  • viactwear silk clothes
  • nm[adN]silk dress
   jiǎn OC: keenʔ MC: ken 6 Attributions
  • nsilkworm cocoon
   sù OC: saas MC: suo̝ 5 Attributions

Sù 素 refers to to raw undyed silk cloth.

  • nmundyed silk; off-white mourning clothes
  • nadVin white silk cloth
  • nmplain silk as writing material
絖纊 / 纊    OC:  MC:  kuàng OC: khʷaaŋs MC: khɑŋ 4 Attributions

kuàng kuàng

  • nmfine floss silk, silk floss
   sī OC: sɯ MC: sɨ 4 Attributions
  • nmsilk cloth
  • nmadNsilken
幣帛   bì bó OC: beds braaɡ MC: biɛi bɣɛk 4 Attributions
  • NP{N1=N2}nonreferentialgifts of silk and the like (LSCQ); silk as money
   liú OC: ru MC: lɨu 3 Attributions
  • npendant for banner or cap
   gǎo OC: koowʔ MC: kɑu 3 Attributions
  • nmundied silk; white silk (used e.g. for making hats)
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 2 Attributions
  • nadNclad in multicoloured silk
  • nmmulti-coloured silk
   liàn OC: ɡ-reens MC: len 2 Attributions

Liàn 練 refers to refined off-white glossy silk.

  • nmrefined, boiled silk, off-white silk that has undergone refining processes
   hú OC: ɡooɡ MC: ɦuk 2 Attributions

Xiāo 綃and hú 縠 refer to various kinds of patterned gauze.

  • na variety of silk gauze
   màn OC: moons MC: mʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • nadNmade of plain silk
  • nmplain silk
   zēng OC: tsɯɯŋ MC: tsəŋ 2 Attributions

Zēng 繒 is close in meaning to bó 帛with which it often forms a binome, but the word first became current in Han times.

  • nmsilk fabric (often used in conjunction with bó 帛 in LJ)
   chún OC: djun MC: dʑʷin 1 Attribution
  • nmpure silk
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 1 Attribution
  • nmfeaturevaricoloured silk
羅綿   luó mián OC: b-raal men MC: lɑ miɛn 1 Attribution
  • NPmsilk
   jìn  MC: tsinH  OC: tsins  1 Attribution
  • nmred silk
綺縠   qǐ hú MC: khjeX huwk OC: khralʔ ɡooɡ 1 Attribution
  • NPmclothes of fine silk
絲帛   sī bó MC: si baek OC: sɯ braaɡ 1 Attribution
  • n[adN]silk garments
   yǐ OC: qɯlʔ MC: ʔɨi 0 Attributions
  • nsilken screen
   wán OC: ɢoon MC: ɦʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • nmfine silk material
   shā OC: sraal MC: ʂɣɛ 0 Attributions

The standard word for silk gauze is shā 紗.

  • nsilk gauze, almost transparent (perhaps so-called because sand could pass through this gauze like through a sieve)
  • nadNmade of silk gauze
   chóu OC: rliw MC: ɖɨu 0 Attributions
  • nmsilk fabric
   xiāo OC: smew MC: siɛu 0 Attributions

Xiāo 綃and hú 縠 refer to various kinds of patterned gauze.

  • nthin patterned fabric of raw silk, gauze
   juàn OC: kʷlens MC: kiɛn 0 Attributions

Juàn 絹refers to thin silk gauze.

  • nmthin tough silk
   tí OC: liil MC: dei 0 Attributions

Tí 綈 refers to refined and washed double-thread thick silk.

  • nmrefined and washed double-thread thick silk
   líng OC: b-rɯŋ MC: lɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • nmthin damask
   zī OC: tsrɯ MC: ʈʂɨ 0 Attributions

Zī 緇 refers to non-shiny, matt, very darkish grey silk important in ritual garments.

  • nmblack silk
   tí OC: ɡ-lee MC: dei 0 Attributions
  • nmthick silk
   quán OC: skhon MC: tshiɛn 0 Attributions
  • nmorange or reddish silk
   jiān OC: kleem MC: kem 0 Attributions

Jián 縑 refers to double-thread thick silk.

  • nmdouble thread resilient silk
   móu OC: mɢlu MC: mɨu 0 Attributions
  • nmShuihudi: kind of silk
   sāo OC: slaaw MC: sɑu 0 Attributions
  • nmreel silk from a cocoon
   zhì OC: kljɯɡs MC: tɕɨ 0 Attributions
  • nmfabric woven of coloured silk
   zǎo OC: tsaawʔ MC: tsɑu 0 Attributions
  • nmreddish purple silk
   xiān OC: sem MC: siɛm 0 Attributions
  • nmSHU, CC, LIJI: fine thin silk
   luó OC: b-raal MC: lɑ 0 Attributions
  • nmgauze; thin silk
  • nmadNmade of thin gauze
   dǎn OC: k-luumʔ MC: təm 0 Attributions
  • nsilken pendants (for ceremonial caps)
紅紫   hóng zǐ OC: ɡooŋ tseʔ MC: ɦuŋ tsiɛ 0 Attributions
  • NPmwhitish red or purple silk garments
紺緅   gàn zōu OC: kooms skoo MC: kəm tsu 0 Attributions
  • NPmdark or brownish silk cloth
縑帛   jiān bó OC: kleem braaɡ MC: kem bɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • NPmfine gauze silk, like 絹

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: