COFFIN  棺材

TIMBER BOX USED FOR BURYING.
CASKETSARCOPHAGUSBOX
See also

BURYTOMB

Kind Of

BOX

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for the coffin is guān 棺, but this term also refers specifically to the inner coffin as opposed to what is translated as "outer coffin", the guǒ 槨. Coffins were generally made of wood and often lacquered; in Han times, stone coffins also came to use.

2. Jiù 柩 refers specifically to a coffin which contains a dead body.

3. Guǒ 槨 refers to the often very large structure which is put arround the inner coffin guān 棺. Note that the outer coffin is much more than an outer slightly larger wooden box. See illustration.

4. Chèn 櫬 refers specifically to the inner coffin, especially when presented as symbol of abject surrender (indicating to the person one surrenders to that one is willing to be put to death and put into this coffin). However, the term is also currently used to refer in general to an inner coffin in ZUO.

5. Bì 椑 refers to a ritual coffin made for the ruler on his accession to the throne and lacquered afresh every year; also used as a dignified general term for a coffin. In Tang times this custom was discontinued.

6. Mù 木 "wood, timber" is occasionally used by synecdoche to refer to a coffin.

7. Qì 器 can also refer to the coffin (from Han at least down to Six Dynasties times). Coffins for an emperor can then be called bì qì 秘器, and those for officials guān qì 棺器.

Modern Chinese Criteria

棺材

棺木

棺槨

漆宅

靈柩

靈櫬

棺柩

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 95

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 1131

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 144

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 73A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 48
  • NP : 4
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 15
  • 禮記 : 13
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 1

Words

   guān OC: koon MC: kʷɑn 19 Attributions

The current general word for the coffin is guān 棺, but this term also refers specifically to the inner coffin as opposed to what is translated as "outer coffin", the guǒ 槨. Coffins were generally made of wood and often lacquered; in Han times, stone coffins also came to use.

  • ncoffin; inner coffin
  • vtoNput into a coffin
   guǒ OC: kʷaaɡ MC: kɑk 11 Attributions

Guǒ 槨 refers to the often very large structure which is put arround the inner coffin guān 棺. Note that the outer coffin is much more than an outer slightly larger wooden box. See illustration.

  • nouter coffin
   jiù OC: ɡlɯs MC: gɨu 7 Attributions

Jiù 柩 refers specifically to a coffin which contains a dead body.

  • ncoffin with the dead body in it; bier
  • vtoNto encoffin
   chèn OC: tshriŋs MC: ʈʂhɪn 5 Attributions

Chèn 櫬 refers specifically to the inner coffin, especially when presented as symbol of abject surrender (indicating to the person one surrenders to that one is willing to be put to death and put into this coffin). However, the term is also currently used to refer in general to an inner coffin in ZUO.

  • nZUO: inner coffin
棺槨   guān guǒ OC: koon kʷaaɡ MC: kʷɑn kɑk 4 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialcoffins of any kind (inner or outer); coffin system; coffins
   bì OC: beɡ MC: biɛk 3 Attributions

Bì 椑refers to a ritual coffin made for the ruler on his accession to the throne and lacquered afresh every year; also used as a dignified general term for a coffin. In Tang times this custom was discontinued.

  • nLIJI: ritual coffin made for the ruler on his accession to the throne and lacquered afresh every year; also used as a dignified general term for a coffin.
   bìn OC: pins MC: pin 2 Attributions

coffin (with the corpse in it)

  • ncoffin (with the corpse in it)
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution
  • nZUO: outer coffin x
   dú OC: ɡ-looɡ MC: duk 1 Attribution
  • ntemporary small coffin in which battle dead are transported home
   qì OC: khrɯds MC: khi 0 Attributions

Qì 器 can also refer to the coffin (from Han at least down to Six Dynasties times). Coffins for an emperor can then be called bì qì 秘 器, and those for officials guān qì 棺器.

  • ncoffin
   zhé OC: kljed MC: tɕiɛt 0 Attributions
  • nYILI: frame put round the coffin For illustration see SANLICIDIAN P. 404
   mù OC: mooɡ MC: muk 0 Attributions

Mù 木 "wood, timber" is occasionally used by synecdoche to refer to a coffin.

  • nZUO: coffin Cf. the proverbial 就木 "enter the coffin"
   huì OC: sɢʷeds MC: ziɛi 0 Attributions
  • ntemporary small coffin in which battle dead are transported home
棺柩   guān jiù OC: koon ɡlɯs MC: kʷɑn gɨu 0 Attributions
  • NPcoffin (concrete: father's coffin, not always general)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: