STRIKE  

DISPLACE something VIOLENTLY TOWARDS something, OFTEN IN-ORDER-TO DAMAGE IT.
BEATHITSLAPSMACKBEATTHRASHSPANKTHUMPPUNCHCUFFCANELASHWHIPCLUBINFORMAL CLOUTSCHMUCKWALLOPBELTWHACKTHWACKBASHCLOBBERBOPCOLD-COCKLITERARY SMITE
Hypernym

DISPLACE -> MOVE -> CHANGE -> EVENT -> REALITY -> EXIST -> BE IN -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

PUNISH

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for striking against anything is jī 擊. Compare the late dǎ 打 which remains exceedingly rare in pre-Buddhist times.

2. Bó 搏, ōu 毆 refer to boxing someone or beating him up.

3. Tà 撻 and zhuā 撾 refer to beating someone with sticks or whips.

4. Chī 笞, chuí 捶 refer specifically to beating someone with a stick. See PUNISH

5. Pū 扑 is to cane someone, often in a domestic context, and this is currently mentioned together with biān 鞭 "flaying".

6. Qiāo 敲, chuāng 撞, and pī 批 refer to beating against a physical object of any kind. See KNOCK

7. Pì 擗 refers specifically to beating one's breast.

8. Biān 鞭 refers specifically to striking someone with a leather whip, typically by way of an official non-domestic punishment. See FLAY for other words with related meanings.

Modern Chinese Criteria

撞擊

沖擊

沖撞

磕碰

相撞

相碰

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 817

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 9.21

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    BEAT

    verberare refers to striking in general, by throwing, hitting or pushing.

    caedere is to strike with a weapon that cuts wounds, a hatched, sword, whip, rod or strap.

    pulsare is to strike any object with a hard object.

    mulcare refers to striking with fists or clubs aiming principlally at physical pain.

  • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 94

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 241

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 102

  • 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 ( WANG WEIHUI 2000) p. 197

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.385

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 93
  • VPtoN : 21
  • vt(oN) : 17
  • nab : 11
  • ncpost-V1{NUM}:postadV2 : 4
  • VPt(oN) : 3
  • vi : 2
  • vtoN.+V{RESULT} : 2
  • vtoN1.post-VtoN2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 臨濟錄 : 21
  • 史記 : 15
  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 祖堂集 : 11
  • 說苑 : 11
  • 論衡 : 11
  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 百喻經 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 列子 : 4
  • 尚書 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 管子 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   dǎ OC: rtaaŋʔ MC: tɣaŋ 25 Attributions
  • nabacta beating; German: eine Tracht Pruegel
  • vt(oN)strike the contextually determinate N
  • vtoN.+V{RESULT}strike so as to V
  • vtoNpost-Han: strike, beat, hit
  • vtoNpassivebe hit, be beaten
  • vtoNreflexive.自beat oneself
   jī OC: keeɡ MC: kek 22 Attributions

The current general word for striking against anything is jī 擊. Compare the late dǎ 打which remains exceedingly rare in pre-Buddhist times.

  • viactstrike (as part of an attack on someone)
  • vtoNstrike, beat (e.g. a dog, a horse, one's breast, or indeed a bell)
  • vtoNfigurativestrike (water etc)
  • vtoNpassivebe struck/whipped up
  • vtoNfigurativebe whipped up
擊殺   jī shā OC: keeɡ sreed MC: kek ʂɣɛt 17 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativestrike dead
  • VPt(oN)strike the contextually determinate N
   chī OC: rlʰɯ MC: ʈhɨ 15 Attributions

Chī 笞, chuí 捶 refer specifically to beating someone with a stick.

  • nobjectsomeone who has been whipped
  • nabacta flogging or whipping
  • viactmete out the punishment of flogging
  • vt(oN)flog a contextually determinate person
  • vtoNto flog, to whip; to cane
  • vtoNpassivebe whipped, receive a flogging
   chì OC: rlʰiɡ MC: ʈhit 10 Attributions
  • vtoNbeat; flog
   pū OC: phooɡ MC: phuk 7 Attributions
  • vtoNstrike, beat (a dog etc); box
  • vtoNpassivebe beaten, be struck
  • vtoNreflexive.自strike oneself
   tà OC: thaad MC: thɑt 6 Attributions

Tà 撻 and zhuā 撾 refer to beating someone with sticks or whips. See STRIKE.

  • nabactflogging
  • vt(oN)flog the determinate object
  • vtoNflog, whip, beat
  • vtoNpassivebe beaten
   bàng OC: brooŋʔ MC: bɣɔŋ 6 Attributions
  • nabacthitting with the stick
  • ncpost-V1{NUM}:postadV2classifierverbal classifier: blows with the stick
   chuáng OC: rdooŋ MC: ɖɣɔŋ 5 Attributions

Qiāo 敲, chuāng 撞, and pī 批 refer to beating against a physical object of any kind.

  • vtoNstrike at, launch a pointed attack against
   zhǎng OC: tjaŋʔ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 4 Attributions
  • nabactslap (with the hand)
  • vt(oN)hit a contextually determinate N with the palm of one's hand; slap somebody
捶 / 捶棰   chuí OC: tjolʔ MC: tɕiɛ  OC:  MC:  4 Attributions

Chī 笞, chuí 捶 refer specifically to beating someone with a bamboo stick, typically as a punitive measure. Chī 笞, chuí 捶 refer specifically to beating someone with a bamboo stick, typically as a punitive measure.

  • vtoNbeat with a stick (e.g. meat to make it tender)
  • nabactbeating
  • vtoNfigurativestrike out at
   pū OC: phooɡ MC: phuk 3 Attributions

Pū 扑 is to cane someone, often in a domestic context, and this is currently mentioned together with biān 鞭 "flaying".

  • nabactstrike, beat with a cane or whip
  • vt(oN)strike the contextually determinate object
  • nabpunishment by beating with a rod
   pī OC: phii MC: phei 2 Attributions

Qiāo 敲, chuāng 撞, and pī 批 refer to beating against a physical object of any kind.

  • vtoNto hit; to beat; to slap; to strike into
    OC:  MC:  2 Attributions

Tà 撻 and zhuā 撾 refer to beating someone with sticks or whips.

  • vtoNbeat, flog
   qiào OC: khroows MC: khɣɛu 2 Attributions

Qiāo 敲, chuāng 撞, and pī 批 refer to beating against a physical object of any kind.

  • vtoNstrike
   ōu OC: qooʔ MC: ʔu 2 Attributions

Bó 搏, ōu 毆 refer to boxing someone or beating him up.

  • vtoNbeat with one's fists; pound; beat and drive off
打撲   dǎ pū OC: rtaaŋʔ phooɡ MC: tɣaŋ phuk 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)strike the contextually determinate person
  • VPtoNhit, strike
   jiā OC: kraal MC: kɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoN1.post-VtoN2reflexive.己strike oneself with N2
   qiāng OC: khrooŋ MC: khɣɔŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNstrike
   zhèn OC: krlums MC: ʈim 1 Attribution
  • vtoNstrike
   dā OC: k-loob MC: təp 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe struck, be hit
   bó OC: paaɡ MC: pɑk 1 Attribution

Bó 搏, ōu 毆 refer to boxing someone or beating him up.

  • vtoNstrike down
   sà OC: saad MC: sɑt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNhit; strike with the side of the hand; to slap
   guó OC: kʷrɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)omstrike, slap a contextually determinate person
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

qiào

  • vtoNclap on the side
   chōng OC: qjoŋ MC: ɕi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNstrike at
   jué OC: kʷaɡ MC: ki̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto hit (with a hoe), to hoe (the ground)
捶打   chuí dǎ OC: tjolʔ rtaaŋʔ MC: tɕiɛ tɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)beat up the contextually determinate N
撲抶   pū chì OC: phooɡ rlʰiɡ MC: phuk ʈhit 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNstrike
   chī OC: rlʰɯ MC: ʈhɨ 1 Attribution

zhuā chī

  • vtoNstrike
擊傷   jī shāng OC: keeɡ lʰaŋ MC: kek ɕi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativestrike so as to injure
笞擊   chī jī OC: rlʰɯ keeɡ MC: ʈhɨ kek 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNbeat up with bamboo sticks
   chī OC: rlʰɯ MC: ʈhɨ 1 Attribution

chíchuí

  • vtoNfigurativestrike and vanquish (a state etc)
批而殺   pī ér shā OC: phii njɯ sreed MC: phei ȵɨ ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativestrike dead, slap so that N dies
   zhù OC: tuɡ MC: ʈuk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcolloquialbuild > place a punch
   chī 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmiddlevoicebe flogged
   tán MC: dan OC: daan 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto strike N with one's hand, e.g. in order to remove dust from it
拷 / 考   kǎo OC: khuuʔ MC: khɑu kǎo OC: khuuʔ MC: khɑu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbeat (a bell) [the addition of the hand radical is late]
   ǎi OC: qrɯɯʔ MC: ʔɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbeat (LIE)
掠 / 掠   liàng OC: ɡ-raŋs MC: li̯ɐŋ lǜe OC: ɡ-raɡ MC: li̯ɐk 0 Attributions
  • viactbeat, flog
   pǒu OC: pɯʔ MC: pu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbeat; hit; smash
   què OC: khroowɡ MC: khɣɔk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNattack by beating
   chuí OC: ɡrlul MC: ɖi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNhammer against; beat against
   péng OC: braaŋ MC: bɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNstrike (with an oar-like large stick?)
   biān OC: pen MC: piɛn 0 Attributions

Biān 鞭 refers specifically to striking someone with a leather whip, typically by way of an official non-domestic punishment. See FLAY.

       jī OC: keeɡ MC: kek 0 Attributions

    jī zhuā

    • vtoNstrike, beat
    杖撻   zhàng tà OC: daŋʔ thaad MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ thɑt 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNpassivebe thoroughly beaten up (with a stick)
       zhàng OC: daŋʔ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNhit with a stick
       chǔ OC: skhraʔ MC: ʈʂhi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNstrike with a stick or whip
       jué MC: -- OC: -- 0 Attributions
    • vtoN=撅 strike, hit
       jī 0 Attributions
    • vtoNmiddlevoicederived: get whipped up (of water)

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: