ARM  手臂

The LIMB BETWEEN SHOULDER AND the HAND of CREATURES.
Old Chinese Criteria

[COMPREHENSIVE/FOCUSSED]

[DYNAMIC/STATIC]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. Bì 臂 refers to the general word for the arm.

[GENERAL], [COMPREHENSIVE]

2. Shǒu 手 refers to the arm including, particularly, the hand.

[FOCUSSED]

3. Gōng 肱 refers to the arms as a source of physical strength of a person, and the term refers specifically to the bent arm.

[DYNAMIC], [SPECIALISED]

4. Wàn 腕 refers specifically to the joint between arm and hand, the wrist. See HAND

[SPECIALISED]

5. Zhǒu 肘 refers specifically to the elbows. See ELBOW

[SPECIALISED]

6. Yè 腋 refers specifically to the armpits. See ARMPIT

[SPECIALISED]

7. Jiān 肩 refers specifically to the shoulders. See SHOULDER

[SPECIALISED]

Modern Chinese Criteria

胳膊

胳臂

臂膀

臂膊

膀子

膀臂

上臂

膀子

膀臂

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.31

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ARM

ulna refers to the whole arm.

lactertus refers to the upper arm.

brachium refers to the lower arm.

cubitus refers to the elbow.

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao 541

IORDANSKAJA 1996 A Russian-English Collocational Dictionary of the Human Body 308

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 264

WANG TONGWEI 2010 "三國志"同義詞及其歷史演變 247-254

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 65ff

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.134

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.134

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 29

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   bì OC: peɡs MC: piɛ 14 Attributions

Bì 臂 refers to the general word for the arm. [GENERAL], [COMPREHENSIVE]

  • nwhole arm
   gōng OC: kʷɯɯŋ MC: kəŋ 7 Attributions

Gōng 肱 refers to the arms as a source of physical strength of a person, and the term refers specifically to the bent arm. [DYNAMIC], [SPECIALISED]

  • nwhole arm, with particular focus on the upper arm; specifically refers to the bent arm
   shǒu OC: hmljuʔ MC: ɕɨu 5 Attributions

2. Shǒu 手 refers to the arm including, particularly, the hand. [FOCUSSED]

  • narm including hand
   jiān OC: keen MC: ken 1 Attribution

upper arm

  • nupper arm
   wàn OC: qoons MC: ʔʷɑn 1 Attribution

Wàn 腕 refers specifically to the joint between arm and hand, the wrist. See HAND [SPECIALISED]

  • nrefers to the joint between arm and hand; the wrist
   áo OC: ŋoow MC: ŋɑu 1 Attribution
  • npincer
   zhǒu OC: krluʔ MC: ʈɨu 0 Attributions

Zhǒu 肘 refers specifically to the elbows. See ELBOW [SPECIALISED]

  • nelbow
   yè OC: k-laɡ MC: jiɛk 0 Attributions

Yè 腋 refers specifically to the armpits. See ARMPIT [SPECIALISED]

    胳膊   gē bó OC: klaaɡ phaaɡ MC: kɑk phɑk 0 Attributions
    • npost-Han colloquial: arm

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: