BUY  

OBTAIN BY PAYING a PRICE FOR something.
PURCHASEACQUIREOBTAINGETPICK UPTAKEPROCUREPAY FORINVEST INGET HOLD OFSNATCH UPSNAP UPGRABSCORE
Antonymy

SELL

See also

PRICE

Kind Of

OBTAIN

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current and general word for buying is mǎi 買 (ant. mài 賣 "sell").

2. Huò 貨 refers to buying as part of a larger business transaction, but the word is rare in this usage.

3. Dí 糴 (ant. tiào 糶 "sell abroad") refers to buying from another country and importing, especially rice.

4. Mào 貿 (ant. yù 鬻 "sell") refers to the professional trading in something.

5. Gū 沽 / 酤 (ant. gū 沽/酤 "sell liquor"!!) refers specifically to buying wine.

6. Shì 市 refers to going shopping for something, to buying something in the market.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

TRADE 3.

買,購買的通稱。

市,在市場購買。

賈,有固定需要的購買。

貿,購買,多為用貨物直接或輾轉易物。

易,也指以物易物的購買,但要與 “ 交 ” 等連用。

酤,買酒。

糴,買糧食。

貰,先取物延期付款的購買方式。

贖,贖買,用金錢財物或其他代價換取抵押的人身,或抵消罪責。

Modern Chinese Criteria

販 refers to buying in order to resell, dealing in.

購買

購置

置備

置辦

採購

採辦

頂盤

包圓

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

BUY

emere refers generally to the act of acquiring the right to own something by paying a price.

mercari refers to a formalised mercantile act which concludes negotiations regarding the buying of something, the formal transaction of a bargain.

redimere can refer figuratively to the obtaining of something at a metaphorical "price".

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 158

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

EMPTIO

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 126

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1336

買,購

1. As WL suggests, the two words do not belong in one synonym group in pre-Buddhist times.

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 282

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no. 21

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 385

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 21

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 69
  • vi : 4
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 19
  • 管子 : 11
  • 春秋左傳 : 9
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 鹽鐵論 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 百喻經 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   mǎi OC: mreeʔ MC: mɣɛ 58 Attributions

The most current and general word for buying is probably mǎi 買 (ant. mài 賣 "sell").

  • vt(oN)ombuy the contextually determinate thing
  • vt+prep+Nstativebe a buyer of, have bought
  • vtoNbuy, acquire (official positions) for money; go out to buy; try to buy; buy (a person from his employer)
  • vtoNfigurativeaquire by venal means 買譽
  • vtoNpassiveget bought
  • vttoN1.+N2buy something N2 for someone N1
  • vttoN1.+N2N2=pricebuy at a price
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2buy N1 from N2
酤 / 沽   gū OC: kaa MC: kuo̝ gū OC: kaa MC: kuo̝ 6 Attributions

Gū 沽/酤 (ant. gū 沽/酤 "sell liquor"!!) refers specifically to buying wine. Gū 沽/酤 (ant. gū 沽/酤 "sell liquor"!!) refers specifically to buying wine.

  • vtoNbuy (wine)
  • vibuy wine
  • vt(oN)buy wine for the contextually determinate person
   shì OC: djɯʔ MC: dʑɨ 5 Attributions

Shì 市 refers to going shopping for something, to buy something in the market.

  • vtoNbuy in the market; buy; go shopping for
  • vtoNfigurativebuy the allegiance of (a possible partner)
貿   mào OC: mblus MC: mu 4 Attributions

Mào 貿 (ant. yù 鬻 "sell") refers to the professional trading in something.

  • vtoNbuy through barter
   dí OC: leewɡ MC: dek 3 Attributions

Dí 糴 (ant. tiào 糶 "sell abroad") refers to buying from another country and importing, especially rice.

  • nabsocialtrade; sale
  • viactbuy (grain) abroad
  • vtoNbuy and import (grain)
  • vt+prep+Nimport rice from
   shì OC: lʰebs MC: ɕiɛi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNrare and late: buy on credit
   gǔ OC: kaaʔ MC: kuo̝ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurative"buy"> acquire at a considerable "price"
  • vtoNpassivebe purchased
   zhì OC: tɯɡs MC: ʈɨ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbuy
   huò OC: hŋʷaals MC: hʷɑ 1 Attribution

Huò 貨 refers to buying as part of a larger business transaction, but the word is rare in this usage.

  • viactengage in business; to peddle
  • vtoNbuy as part of a larger business transaction
市得   shì dé OC: djɯʔ tɯɯɡ MC: dʑɨ tək 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeget to buy in the market
糴買   dí mǎi OC: leewɡ mreeʔ MC: dek mɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe bought
賈者   gǔ zhě OC: kaaʔ kljaʔ MC: kuo̝ tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPindefinitebuyer
   gòu OC: koos MC: ku 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han, Tang: purchase
   dǔn OC: tuunʔ MC: tuo̝n 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrare: buy wholesale

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: