SLIM  

THIN AND NOT FAT, of HUMANS AND ANIMALS.
SLENDERLEANTHINWILLOWYSYLPHLIKESVELTELISSOMETRIMSLIGHTSLIGHTLY BUILT
Antonym

FAT

Hypernym

THIN -> TENUOUS -> UNIMPORTANT -> LACK -> SITUATION -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

WEAK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for skinniness is probably jí 瘠 / 膌 (ant. féi 肥 "fat").

2. Qú 臞 (ant. rǎng 壤 [ 肉字旁 ]) refers to skinniness in humans.

3. Léi 羸 refers to skinniness as a result of famine or of disease.

4. Shòu 瘦 is rare in pre-Buddhist times, and refers generally to emaciation.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

HUMAN BODY 46.

瘠,上古時期的通語,是程度最嚴重的瘦,是瘦至露骨。

[ 病 FOR 月 IN THE ALTERNATIVE CHARACTER] (臞),由於心情憂鬱而導致肌肉不豐。

瘦,東漢後期以來的表示人體消瘦的通稱。

羸,瘦弱,兼氣力而言,多用於年老體病者。

Modern Chinese Criteria

纖細

輕盈 refers to something being slim and graceful.

亭亭玉立

纖弱

玉立

瘦子

瘦猴

骨頭架子

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    SLIM

    exilis and macer refer negatively to lack of rich inner substance and full physical shape.

    macer refers negatively to lack of full physical shape in animals.

    tenuis refers positively to a lack of surplus fat, a sound commendable slender delicacy of form.

    gracilis refers positively to tall slendernes, especially of animals.

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 342

  • 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 ( WANG WEIHUI 2000) p. 330

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 25
  • VPi : 4
  • vtoN : 2
  • VP[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 春秋左傳 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1

Words

   qú OC: ɡʷa MC: gi̯o 9 Attributions

Qú 臞 (ant. rǎng 壤[肉字旁]) refers to skinniness in humans

  • vichangebecome emaciated
  • vigradedslim, stalky, emaciated, skinny
  • vtoNcausativeoccasionally causal vt: cause to become skinny
   shòu OC: srus MC: ʂɨu 6 Attributions

Shòu 瘦 is rare in pre-Buddhist times, and refers generally to emaciation.

  • vigradedfirst current in post-Han times, SHUOWEN: thin, emaciated 甚瘦
瘠 / 膌   jí OC: dzeɡ MC: dziɛk jí OC: dzeɡ MC: dziɛk 6 Attributions

The most current general word for skinniness is probably jí 瘠/膌 (ant. féi 肥 "fat"). The most current general word for skinniness is probably jí 瘠/膌 (ant. féi 肥 "fat").

  • vigraded(naturally, constitutionally, or as a result of malnutrition etc) thin, physically weak; of land: infertile
  • vtoNcausativefatten up
    OC:  MC:  4 Attributions

Léi 羸 refers to skinniness as a result of famine or of disease.

  • vigaunt (because of circumstances like famine)
羸瘦   léi shòu OC: rol srus MC: liɛ ʂɨu 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]emaciated person
  • VPiweak and emaciated
   cuì OC: sɡuds MC: dzi 1 Attribution
  • vichangebecome emaciated
   kǎn OC: khoomʔ MC: khəm 1 Attribution
  • viCC: emaciated
枯瘦   kū shòu OC: khaa srus MC: khuo̝ ʂɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPibe all dry and emaciated
羸弱   léi ruò OC: rol njewɡ MC: liɛ ȵi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPiemaciated
顑頷   kǎn hàn OC: khoomʔ ɡlɯɯmʔ MC: khəm ɦəm 1 Attribution
  • VPibe all emaciated and famished
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • viemaciated (ZUO)
   jí OC: kɯɡ MC: kɨk 0 Attributions
  • vibe emaciated (LSCQ)
   luán OC: b-roon MC: lʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • viemaciated (SHI)
   jí OC: dzeɡ MC: dziɛk 0 Attributions
  • nabstativeemaciation

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: